[TOXICOLOGY] Animal Toxicology

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Author:
batangmahaba
ID:
216058
Filename:
[TOXICOLOGY] Animal Toxicology
Updated:
2013-04-27 08:29:45
Tags:
Clinical Toxicology
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Pharmacy Board Exam Reviewer
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  1. Zootoxin found in Brown recluse spider
    Sphyngomyelinase D
  2. Loxosceles reclusa
    Brown recluse spider
  3. Zootoxin that causes dermonecrosis, give steroids for systemic effects
    Sphyngomyelinase D
  4. Zootoxin found in Black widow spider/Hour glass spider
    Latrotoxin
  5. Latrodectus mactans
    • Black widow spider
    • Hourglass spider
  6. Zootoxin that produces cholinergic S/Sx, flushed sweating face, conjunctivitis, restlessness and HPN
    Lantrotoxin
  7. Treatment for toxicity caused by Lantrotoxin
    • Calcium gluconate
    • antivenom
  8. Zootoxin found in Scorpion that mainly cause neurotoxin
    5-hydroxytryptamine
  9. Centuroides sculpturatus
    Scorpion
  10. Treament for toxicity caused by 5-hydroxytryptamine
    • Barbiturates
    • IV antivenom
  11. Zootoxin found in bee, wasps and ants
    • Melittin
    • Apamin
  12. Treatment for the toxicity caused by bee, wasps and ants
    Diphenhydramine and steroids
  13. Zootoxin found in snakes
    Hyaluronidase
  14. Zootoxin found in poisonous lizard Heloderma species
    Gila monster venom
  15. Zootoxin found in Amphibians (toads, newts, frogs and fish)
    • Tetrodotoxin - Puffer fish
    • Bufotoxin - Frog
  16. Treatment for toxicity found in Tetrodotoxin
    • Barbiturates and diazepam (convulsion)
    • Calcium gluconate and propranolol
  17. Zootoxin found in Spanish fly and Blister fly
    Cantharidin
  18. Zootoxin that cause local irritant and aphrodisiac
    Cantharidin
  19. Zootoxin found in Oyster and herring sardines
    Clupeotoxin
  20. Zootoxin that causes sharp metallic taste, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea
    Clupeotoxin
  21. Zootoxin found in tuna and mackerel
    • Scromboid toxin
    • saurine - tuna
    • gemblid - mackerel
  22. Zootoxin that cause confusion related to MSG (MonoSodium Glutamate) AKA as Chinese Restaurant Syndrome
    Scromboid toxin
  23. Zootoxin found in liver of fish
    Ciguatoxin
  24. The most common poison from ingested substances
    Ciguatoxin
  25. Zootoxin found in jellyfish
    Chironex toxin
  26. Chironex fleckeri
    Jelly fish
  27. Antidote for Chironex toxin
    • 5% acetic acid
    • wash with sea water
    • aluminum sulfate + surfactant
  28. Zootoxin found in sea cucumbers
    Holothurin
  29. Zootoxin that causes contact dermatitis
    Holothurin

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