Quiz 1.2

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Ritameeker
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216084
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Quiz 1.2
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2013-04-27 14:41:03
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Drugs Chemical classes
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Quiz 1.2 - Drugs and chemical classes
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  1. What is the assigned schedule number for phenobarbital according to the Controlled Substances Act of 1970?

    A. I
    B. III
    C. IV
    D. II
    C. IV
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. What two components of a drug's profile are taken into consideration when determining what the therapeutic index will be?

    A. Half-life and lethal dose
    B. Effective dose and duration of action
    C. Lethal dose and effective dose
    D. Bioequivalence and half-life
    C. Lethal dose and effective dose
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Tachyphylaxis can be managed by:

    A. concurrently administering an anti-inflammatory drug to blunt the allergic response
    B. decreasing the dosage of the medication
    C. changing to a similar drug in the same family
    D. decreasing the frequency with which the medication is administered
    C. changing to a similar drug in the same family
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following statements about antibiotics is NOT true:

    A. Antibiotics typically achieve their therapeutic action by destroying the bacterial cell wall
    B. Viruses are not susceptible to antibiotics
    C. Antibiotics are generally safe and can be prescribed indiscriminately
    D. An individual who has developed a resistance to one type of antibiotic will typically respond well to other antibiotics in a similar class
    D. An individual who has developed a resistance to one type of antibiotic will typically respond well to other antibiotics in a similar class
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The pharmacological effects of administering insulin to a hyperglycemic patient is an example of increased:

    A. passive transport
    B. biotransformation
    C. carrier-mediated diffusion
    D. transference
    C. carrier-mediated diffusion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Phase 0  of cardiac cell depolarization in the fast potentials is characterized by rapid:

    A. Influx of Na+
    B. Influx of Ca++
    C. Efflux of Na+
    D. Efflux of Ca++
    A. Influx of Na+
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. If a patient were exhibiting pupillary constriction, hypersalivation, bronchial wheezing, and bradycardia, you should suspect _____ of the _____ nervous system.

    A. stimulation, parasympathetic
    B. blockade, voluntary
    C. stimulation, sympathetic
    D. blockade, cholinergic
    A. stimulation, parasympathetic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. You are caring for a 48-year-old patient with acute onset pulmonary edema secondary to an acute myocardial infarction.  He has rales (crackles) in both lung fields and wheezes in the bronchial regions.  His blood pressure is 160/90, his pulse is 112, and his ventilations are 32.  Which of the following medications is indicated FIRST and why?

    A. Morphine sulfate to decrease anxiety and reduce afterload
    B. Nitroglycerin (Nitrostat) to reduce preload and afterload to redistribute fluids to the periphery
    C. Nitroglycerin (Nitrostat) to vasodilate the coronary vessels to maximize myocardial oxygen demand
    D. Furosemide (Lasix) to achieve a diuresis and remove a portion of fluids from the intravascular space
    B. Nitroglycerin (Nitrostat) to reduce preload and afterload to redistribute fluids to the periphery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Hypoparathyroidism leads to decreased:

    A. Metabolic rate
    B. Calcium levels
    C. Growth hormone levels
    D. Thyroxine (T4) levels
    B. Calcium levels
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. An important physiologic distinction between the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system is:

    A. The sympathetic ganglia are close to the spinal cord
    B. The parasympathetic nervous system contains not ganglionic fibers
    C. Only the sympathetic division innervates the target organs or tissue directly
    D. The sympathetic division does not use acetylcholine as a neurotransmitter
    B. Nitroglycerin (Nitrostat) to reduce preload and afterload to redistribute fluids to the periphery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which class of antidysthythmics characteristically blocks sodium influx during fast potential depolarization?

    A. IV
    B. II
    C. I
    D. III
    C. I
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following medications is a cardioselective  beta-blocker?

    A. Atenolol
    B. Propranolol
    C. Metaproterenol
    D. Albuterol
    A. Atenolol
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. All of the following statements about nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are TRUE EXCEPT that NSAIDs:

    A. are used as analgesics and antipyretics
    B. interfere with the production of prostaglandins, thereby interrupting the inflammatory process
    C. are prescribed  to relieve pain following trauma and surgery
    D. include aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen
    D. include aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of the following agents would NOT reduce blood pressure?

    A. Beta2 antagonist
    B. Beta1 antagonist
    C. Alpha2 agonist
    D. Alpha1 antagonist
    A. Beta2 antagonist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. In which class of the Vaughn-Williams classification system of antidysrhythmic medications does lidocaine belong?

    A. II
    B. IB
    C. IC
    D. IA
    B. IB
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. A larger-than-expected dose of adenosine may be necessary to patients regularly taking:

    A. Aminophylline
    B. Benzodiazepines
    C. Class I antidysrhythmics
    D. Amphetamines
    A. Aminophylline
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. What is the drug of choice when treating patients having generalized motor (grand mal) seizures?

    A. Valprioc acid
    B. Dilantin
    C. Lithium
    D. Romazicon
    B. Dilantin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following best describes the cardiovascular effects of calcium channel blockers, such as verapamil (calan) and diltiazem (Cardizem)?

    A. Decreased peripheral vascular resistance, widened QRS, and increased afterload
    B. Decreased automaticity and decreased AV node condicutivity
    C. Increased heart rate and stroke volume, decreased afterload
    D. Increased peripheral vascular resistance, widened QRS, and increased afterload
    B. Decreased automaticity and decreased AV node condicutivity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Glucagon will affect blood glucose levels by:

    A. Inducing the storage of glucose into the liver and skeletal muscle through glycogenesis
    B. Enabling the rapid absorption of glucose into the cells
    C. Inducing glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis
    D. Enhancing the absorption of glucose from the GI tract
    C. Inducing glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Physostigmine (Antilirium) is a useful antidote for which drug overdose?

    A. Norepinephrine
    B. Atropine
    C. Epinephrine
    D. Dopamine
    B. Atropine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. To relieve nasal congestion, which of the following medications would be most effective when administered intranasally?

    A. Physostigmine
    B. Propranalol
    C. Phenylepherine
    D. Epinephrine
    C. Phenylepherine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which of the following is NOT associated with the sympathetic nervous system?

    A. Vagus nerve
    B. Fight or flight
    C. Thoracolumbar
    D. Adrenergic
    A. Vagus nerve
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which of the following medication is a proton-pump inhibitor?

    A. Ranitidine (Zantac)
    B. Pirenzepine (Gastrozepine)
    C. Cimetidine (Tagamet)
    D. Omeprazole (Prilosec)
    D. Omeprazole (Prilosec)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of the following is a property of a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor?

    A. Blocks parasympathetic stimulation for a finite period
    B. Blocks sympathetic stimulation for a finite period
    C. Enables parasympathetic stimulation for a finite period
    D. Enable sympathetic stimulation for a finite period
    C. Enable parasympathetic stimulation for a finite period
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. All of the following result from insulin, EXCEPT:

    A. Conversion of glucose to glycogen
    B. Gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis
    C. Increased synthesis of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids
    D. Increased cellular transport of glucose, potassium, and amino acids
    B. Gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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