Art History 1 test 3

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moon23
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216167
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Art History 1 test 3
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2013-04-27 23:49:32
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part 1
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  1. title
    location
    artist
    period
    • the Parthenon
    • Athens, Greece
    • ictinos and callicrates
    • Greek classical 480-335 b.c.
  2. 2. what is the panathenaic procession/
    and where is it found
    • its when the villagers would make a line from the market place to the temple and pass food wine offerings up to the temple there was singing and music.
    • the parthenon
  3. 3.
    name
    period
    artist
    order
    • floor plan for the Parthenon
    • Greek classical 480-335 b.c.
    • ictinos and callicrates
    • most dorik but some ionic
  4. 4.
    name
    period
    location
    • statue of Athena
    • Greek classical 480-335 b.c.
    • Athens,greece
  5. 5.
    title
    location
    artist
    period
    • the Erechtheum
    • Athens, Greece
    • mnesicles?
    • Greek classical 480-335 b.c.
  6. 6.
    title
    artist
    period
    location
    why is not symmetrical?
    • the floor plan of the erechtheum
    • mnesicles?
    • Greek classical period 480-335 b.c.
    • Athens,greece
    • we think it was not finished ran out of money
  7. 7. what is engaged columns?
    columns that are attached to a wall
  8. 8.
    title
    location
    artist
    period
    • the porch of the maidens
    • Athens, Greece the erechtheum
    • mnesicles?
    • Greek classical 480-335 b.c.
  9. 9. what are caryatid?
    a statue showing a female that serves as a support column
  10. 10.
    title
    period
    location
    what features dose it have
    • head of a roman
    • roman republic period 500-30 b.c
    • rome
    • realism
  11. define portrait
    a work of art that shows the likeness of a person can be a sculpture,painting, or photo.
  12. define bust
    shows a person from the chest up
  13. define verism
    • extreme realism 
    • taking to the ultra extreme

  14. title
    location
    period
    medium
    what is the symbolism for this piece
    • the augustus of prima porta
    • Rome
    • roman imperial period 30 b.c to 5th century a.d
    • white marble
    • face moderatly idealized
  15. define roman standard
    is an object a wooden pole w/ signs of religion  and such on top the pole a bronze eagle on it
  16. why were all roman buildings for free to the roman people what saying did the government always say
    give the people bread and circus

  17. title
    period
    location
    what style type is this?
    what is different about this style?
    why do we think it occurred?
    • Constantine the great
    • roman imperial period 30 b.c to 5th century a.d
    • Rome
    • late portrait style
    • (upward gaze,large eyes,faces look the same, fleshy appearance)
    • because they started to worshiping the kings as Gods.
  18. what did the Romans call there stadiums
    amphitheater

  19. title
    period
    location
    what did the Romans do here?
    • the Colosseum
    • roman imperial period 30 b.c to the 5th century a.d
    • games and entertanment

  20. what shape is the Colosseum?
    what was the stage made of?
    what was on the stage?
    what is under the stage?
    what dose the stage have to add excitement?
    • oval
    • wood
    • sand
    • a staging area w/ corridors and cages
    • series of trapped doors

  21. this drawing is of another amphitheater, but the Colosseum had trees and sand and dudes fighting. just remember that and know this stuff
    where
    time
    name
    • Rome
    • roman imperial period 30 b.c. to 5th century a.d
    • the colosseum

  22. name 
    period
    describe and name the 4 levels of the Colosseum?
    • the Colosseum
    • roman imperial period 30 b.c to 5th century a.d
    • 1st floor- Tuscan engaged columns (ground)
    • 2nd floor- ionic engaged columns
    • 3rd floor- Corinthian engaged columns
    • 4th floor -Corinthian pilasters
  23. what are the 4 main building oreders called
    • ionic
    • dorik
    • Corinthian
    • Tuscan
  24. define pier
    free standing upright support it is angular
  25.  
    what is this type of column called?
    define as well?
    • a pilaster
    • it has corners and is attached to a wall
  26. what are the 4 main building supports called?
    • engaged column
    • pilaster
    • pier
    • column
  27. what is the 2 main differences between a dorik and Tuscan order columns?
    • column has a base
    • and shaft is smooth not grooved other than that they are the same
  28. define Corinthian order columns (how do the look)
    • frieze is the same as ionic order continuous.
    • has 3 sections like ionic
    • but the capitol is decorated with a acanthus plant
  29. define acanthus what is it?
    a weed like plant
  30. what are the 3 materials the Colosseum is made of?
    • brick 
    • concert
    • stone
  31. what was the stage area called in the Colosseum?
    the arena

  32. name
    period
    function
    location
    • the baths of Caracalla
    • roman imperial period 30 b.c to the 5th century a.d
    • a bath house/social clubs/food/buisness
    • rome

  33. name
    period
    location
    • inside what we think the baths looked like
    • roman imperial period 30 b.c to 5th century a.d
    • rome
  34. name the 3 rooms of the baths of Caracalla ? what  did they had in them?
     how was the temperature in that room?
    • 1. frigidarium- a very large cold pool
    • and very cold air
    • 2. tepidarium- a very large tepid pool and tepid air
    • 3. calidarium- a very large hot pool and very hot steamy air
  35. diffition large water channel
    aqueduct
  36. name the three types of true arches
    • the barrel vault
    • groin vault
    • cross barrel vault

  37. name 
    location
    period
    purpose
    name the building technique
    • Pont du Gard
    • nimes,france
    • roman imperial period 30 b.c to 5th century a.d
    • to bring fresh water into Rome
    • True Arch
  38. we don't know where the true arch originally came from but who was the 1st to realize its true potential?
    the romans
  39. 3 reasons the Romans can build what they build in there time?
    • 1. the true arch
    • 2. the development of concert
    • 3. undivided interior spaces

  40. title
    location
    period
    function of the building and who
    • the pantheon
    • Rome
    • roman imperial period 30 b.c to 5th century a.d
    • a church and worshiped all major plantary Gods
  41. define facade
    is the exterior front of a building
  42. what order are the columns in the facade of the pantheon?
    what style is the frieze in the entabule?
    want did the pediment have in it in ancient times?
    • Corinthian
    • Greek in style
    • it had sculptors

  43. title
    location
    time
    • the floor plan of the pantheon
    • Rome
    • roman imperial period 30 b.c to 5th century a.d
  44. what are coffers and why were they used there are 2 reasons?
    • indented panels on the inside of the pantheon
    • for structural reasons use less concert
    • and to make it look bigger visually
  45. what is the floor of the pantheons main Rome called
    and what is the celing part called
    • drum
    • dome
  46. what shape is the cella in the pantheon?
    round
  47. is the dome of the pantheon one big stone or a bunch of little ones?
    one big one carved at one time
  48. what did the coffers have in them? (pantheon)
    and what color was the ceiling painted?
    • bronze stars
    • blue
    • trying to make it look like the sky

  49. name 
    location
    period
    name of giant window in the ceiling?
    • the inside of the pantheon
    • Rome
    • roman imperial period 30 b.c to 5th century a.d
    • oculus

  50. title 
    location
    period
    • section drawing of the pantheon
    • Rome
    • roman imperial period 30 b.c to 5th century a.d
  51. define forum
    a complex of buildings linked together
  52. define basilica in the froum of trajan
    government function a covered building
  53. define trajan markets
    markets that would extened for many miles out and up from the forum of trajan
  54. what were modeled after the forum of trajan
    early christian churches

  55. name
    date
    location
    how dose it get its name
    • the forum of trajan
    • the roman imperial period 30 b.c to 5th century a.d
    • Rome
    • its named after the emperor trajan

  56. name 
    date 
    location
    • the floor plan for the forum of trajan
    • roman imperial period 30 b.c to 5th century a.d
    • rome

  57. title
    period
    location
    • old st, peters basilica
    • early christian period 1st century a.d to 5th century a.d
    • Rome

  58. title
    period
    location
    • floor plan of the old st. peters basilica
    • early christian 1st century a.d to 5th century a.d
    • rome

  59. name the rooms of the basilica from the front to the back of the building?
    • main entrance
    • (atrium- open courtyard in it stood a large fountain)
    • (narthex- its in the front of the building its a transverse covered hallway)
    • (Nave - central hallway-that's where they would be for events)
    • (there were isles on the sides of the nave for easy entering and exiting)
    • (in the back of the church a covered transverse hallway it was just for important visitors)
    • (Aspe -semi-circular are it had the alter)
    • (under the Apse is the crypt. st. peters is buried there)

  60. title
    period
    location
    time
    what way do they face and why?
    what is the type of design called?
    • section drawing of old st. peters basilica
    • Rome
    • early christian period 1st century a.d to 5th century a.d
    • face west
    • basilica plan
  61. what type of lightening is achieved in the basilica plan
    clerestory lightening
  62. define clerestory lightening
    it lights up the whole building (natural light) and all the windows are by the roof in the clerestory wall.
  63. define the rows of columns flanking the church
    colonnade walls

  64. title
    location
    period
    type of building plan
    • the church of San vitale
    • ravenna,Italy
    • byzantine period 5th through the 15th century
    • centeral plan

  65. title
    period
    location
    what shape is the Nave
    what way dose it face
    what shape is the ceiling and roof
    whos buried in the crypt under the Aspe
    • floor plan for the church of san vitale
    • byzantine period 5th century through the 15th century
    • circular
    • west
    • dome shaped
    • st vitale

  66. title
    location
    period
    • the inside of the church of san vitale facing the   alter
    • ravenna, france
    • byzantine period 5th century a.d to the 15th century a.d

  67. time
    location
    title
    subject
    message
    medium
    where is the picture located
    style
    • byzantine period 5th century to the 15th century
    • ravenn, france
    • emperor Justinian and his court
    • emperor he is wear gold and purple
    • that the emperor should be head of state and church
    • mosaic
    • in the aspe in the church
    • byzantine style
  68. features of the byzantine style
    • flat gold background
    • figures unnaturalistic looking
    • body portions are unrealistic
    • drapery is unnaturalistic
    • and in this painting feet point down
  69. why dose art shift to byzantine style?
    because at the time the church felt that God put nature here to tempt man into evil so nothing natural or of nature was painted during this time.
  70. define paten
    a gold bowl used to for the celebration of the mass

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