Anatomy

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
21617
Filename:
Anatomy
Updated:
2010-06-01 16:09:15
Tags:
Anatomy Functional Anatomy Exercise
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Description:
Functional Anatomy of Exercise
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  1. Origin/action of Semimembranosus
    Ischial tuberosity

    Flexes leg
  2. Origin/insertion/action of semitendinosus
    Ischial tuberosity

    Medial surface of superior tibia

    Flexes knee
  3. Biceps Femoris - origin/insertion/action
    ischial tuberosity

    lateral side of head of fibula

    flexes leg
  4. Rectus femoris - origin/insertion/action
    Anterior inferior iliac spine and ilium spuperior to acetabulum

    Base of patella - quad tendon

    Extends lower leg
  5. Vastus lateralis - origin/insertion/action
    Greater trochanter and lateral lip of linea aspera of femur

    Quad tendon

    Extends knee joint
  6. Vastus medialis
    intertrochanteric line and medial lip of linea aspera

    quad tendon

    extends knee joint
  7. Vastus intermedius - insertion/action
    quad tendon

    extends knee
  8. sartorius - insertion/action
    superior medial surface of tibia

    flexes, abducts and laterally rotates at hip joint - flexes at knee joint
  9. adductor magnus
    inf. ramus of ischium

    gluteal tuberosity, linea aspera of femur

    adducts
  10. adductor brevis
    inf. ramus of pubis

    pectineal line, linea aspera of femur

    adducts
  11. adductor longus
    body of pubis

    middle third of linea aspera on femur

    adducts
  12. pectineus
    superior ramus of pubis

    pectineal line of femur

    adducts
  13. gracilis
    body and inf. ramus of pubis

    superior medial surface of tibia

    adducts
  14. Different segments of spine:
    • Cervical
    • Thoracic
    • Lumbar
    • Sacral
    • Coccygeal
  15. Number of Cervical spine
    7
  16. # of thoracic spine
    12
  17. # of lumbar spine
    5
  18. # of sacral spine
    5
  19. # of coccygeal spine
    4
  20. platysma
    subcutaneous fascia of superior chest

    mandible and subcutaneous fascia of lower face

    depresses and draws lower lip laterally
  21. sternocleidomastoid
    manubrium of sternum, medial third of clavicle,

    mastoid process and lateral half of superior nuchal line of occipital bone

    flexes neck, laterally flexes neck and head,
  22. Trapezius
    external occipital protuberance and medial third of superior nuchal line...

    lateral third of clavicle and acromion process of scapula (upper); acromion procss and spine of scapula (middle); tubercle at root of the spine of the scapula (lower)

    laterall flexes neck and head, extends neck and head, contralaterally rotates neck and head, elevates scapula at scaplocostal joint (upper); extends trunk (middle and lower)

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