BIOL 404-Exam 4-Reproduction 10

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kyleannkelsey
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216172
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BIOL 404-Exam 4-Reproduction 10
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2013-04-27 19:08:40
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BIOL 404 Exam Reproduction 10
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BIOL 404-Exam 4-Reproduction 10
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  1. How many oocytes are present at the time of birth according to the second lecture on reproduction?
    2-4 million
  2. How many oocytes are present at puberty?
    800,000
  3. How many ovulations in a female's reproductive life?
    400
  4. What are the names of the two cells that surround the oocyte and form the follicle?
    theca and granulosa
  5. What male cells are the Theca cells analogous to?
    Leydig
  6. What male cells are the Granulosa cells analogous to?
    The Sertoli cells
  7. The Leydig cells are analogues to what female cells?
    Theca
  8. The Sertoli cells are analogous to what female cells?
    Granulosa
  9. What is the general occurrence during the first 14 days of the menstrual cycle?
    The maturation of the primary follicle to the mature graafian follicle
  10. During what days in the menstrual cycle does the primary follicle develop into the graafian follicle?
    Days 1-14
  11. What is the term for the mature follicle right before ovulation?
    Graafian follicle
  12. The early primary follicle and the mature follicle formation are driven by what?
    GnRH of the anterior pituitary
  13. What is the major change that occurs during growth of the follicle?
    Growth and proliferation of the granulosa and theca cells
  14. What portion of the ovarian cycle does not require hormonal input?
    All steps during the Follicular stage, prior t the formation of the secondary follicle
  15. What day is ovulation in the menstrual cycle?
    day 14
  16. The cellular makeup surrounding the oocyte is the same or different after ovulation?
    Different
  17. After ovulation what happens to the granulosa cells?
    They become the corpus luteum
  18. What cells make up the corpus luteum?
    Theca and granulosa
  19. What influences the hormones produced by the corpus luteum?
    Poor blood supply to the interior of the corpus luteum
  20. The outer portion of the corpus luteum is made of what type of cell?
    Theca cells
  21. What part of the corpus luteum is made of theca cells?
    The outer portion
  22. The inner portion of the corpus luteum is made of what type of cells?
    Granulosa cells
  23. Granulosa cells make up what parts of the corpus luteum?
    The interior
  24. During what part of the ovarian cycle does the formation and maintenance occur?
    The leuteal phase (second half)
  25. What is the name for days 1-14 of the ovarian cycle?
    Follicular phase

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