Chapter 4 Tissue: The Living Fabric (TB)

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lonelygirl
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216254
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Chapter 4 Tissue: The Living Fabric (TB)
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2013-05-08 18:45:42
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Biology Anatomy Physiology
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Biology 103A
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  1. Which of the following is not found in the matrix of cartilage but is in bone?

    A) live cells
    B) blood vessels
    C) organic fibers
    D) lacunae
    B) blood vessels
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The reason that intervertebral discs exhibit a large amount of tensile strength to absorb shock is because they possess ________.

    A) hydroxyapatite crystals
    B) collagen fibers
    C) reticular fibers
    D) elastic fibers
    B) collagen fibers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The presence of lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels would indicate ________.

    A) areolar tissue
    B) osseous tissue
    C) cartilage tissue
    D) fibrocartilaginous tissue
    B) osseous tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Hyaline cartilage is different from elastic or fibrocartilage because ________.

    A) it is more vascularized
    B) it contains more nuclei
    C) fibers are not normally visible
    D) it has more elastic fibers
    C) fibers are not normally visible
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Epithelial tissue ________.

    A) is usually acellular
    B) is highly vascularized
    C) has a basement membrane
    D) contains a number of neuron types
    C) has a basement membrane
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following would be of most importance to goblet cells and other glandular epithelium?

    A) Golgi bodies
    B) multiple nucle
    C) microvilli
    D) lysosomes
    A) Golgi bodies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Mammary glands exhibit a glandular type called ________.

    A) simple alveolar
    B) simple tubular
    C) compound tubular
    D) compound alveolar
    D) compound alveolar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Simple columnar epithelium of the digestive tract is characterized by ________.

    A) cilia
    B) fibroblasts
    C) dense microvilli
    D) a rich vascular supply
    C) dense microvilli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium ________.

    A) aids in digestion
    B) lines the respiratory tract
    C) is not an epithelial classification
    D) possesses no goblet cells
    B) lines the respiratory tract
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. A single-celled layer of epithelium that forms the lining of serous membranes is ________.

    A) simple transitional
    B) simple squamous
    C) simple columnar
    D) simple cuboidal
    B) simple squamous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which statement best describes connective tissue?

    A) usually lines a body cavity
    B) always arranged in a single layer of cells
    C) usually contains a large amount of matrix
    D) primarily concerned with secretion
    C) usually contains a large amount of matrix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Matrix is ________.

    A) fibers and ground substance
    B) cells and fibers
    C) ground substance and cells
    D) composed of all organic compounds
    A) fibers and ground substance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Cell types likely to be seen in areolar connective tissue include all except: ________.

    A) chondrocytes
    B) macrophages
    C) fibroblasts
    D) mast cells
    A) chondrocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The tissue type that arises from all three embryonic germ layers is ________.

    A) muscle tissue
    B) nervous tissue
    C) epithelial tissue
    D) connective tissue
    C) epithelial tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The fiber type that gives connective tissue great tensile strength is ________.

    A) muscle
    B) collagen
    C) reticular
    D) elastic
    B) collagen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Organized groups of cells (plus their intercellular substances) that have a common purpose form a(n) ________.

    A) organ system
    B) tissue
    C) organism
    D) organ
    B) tissue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The shape of the external ear is maintained by ________.

    A) hyaline cartilage
    B) fibrocartilage
    C) adipose tissue
    D) elastic cartilage
    D) elastic cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Inability to absorb digested nutrients and secrete mucus might indicate a disorder in which tissue?

    A) simple columnar
    B) stratified squamous
    C) transitional
    D) simple squamous
    A) simple columnar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as ________.

    A) endocrine
    B) ceruminous
    C) exocrine
    D) sebaceous
    A) endocrine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is true about epithelia?

    A) Endothelium provides a slick surface lining all hollow cardiovascular organs.
    B) Simple epithelia are commonly found in areas of high abrasion.
    C) Pseudostratified epithelia are commonly keratinized.
    D) Stratified epithelia are associated with filtration.
    A) Endothelium provides a slick surface lining all hollow cardiovascular organs.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Chondroblasts ________.

    A) located deep to the perichondrium divide and secrete new matrix on the internal portions of the cartilage
    B) within the cartilage, divide and secrete new matrix
    C) never lose their ability to divide
    D) are mature cartilage cells located in spaces called lacunae
    B) within the cartilage, divide and secrete new matrix
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. ________ epithelium appears to have two or three layers of cells, but all the cells are in contact with the basement membrane.

    A) Stratified cuboidal
    B) Pseudostratified columnar
    C) Transitional
    D) Stratified columnar
    B) Pseudostratified columnar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. A multilayered epithelium with cuboidal basal cells and flat cells at its surface would be classified as ________.

    A) stratified squamous
    B) transitional
    C) simple cuboidal
    D) simple squamous
    A) stratified squamous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. An epithelial membrane ________.

    A) contains simple or stratified epithelia and a basement membrane
    B) is formed of epithelium and smooth muscle
    C) usually involves transitional epithelium
    D) never contains mucus-forming cells
    A) contains simple or stratified epithelia and a basement membrane
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Multicellular exocrine glands can be classified ________.

    A) structurally into vascular and avascular types
    B) functionally into secreting or nonsecreting types
    C) structurally into alveolar and acinar types
    D) functionally into merocrine, holocrine, and apocrine divisions
    D) functionally into merocrine, holocrine, and apocrine divisions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following is true about the mode of secretion of exocrine glands?

    A) These glands are ductless.
    B) Apocrine cells are destroyed, then replaced after secretion.
    C) Holocrine cells are slightly damaged by the secretory process, but repair themselves.
    D) Merocrine glands are not altered by the secretory process.
    D) Merocrine glands are not altered by the secretory process.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which of these is not considered connective tissue?

    A) cartilage
    B) adipose
    C) muscle
    D) blood
    C) muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. What are glycosaminoglycans?

    A) negatively charged proteins
    B) negatively charged polysaccharides
    C) positively charged proteins
    D) positively charged polysaccharides
    B) negatively charged polysaccharides
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which is true concerning muscle tissue?

    A) cuboidal shape enhances function
    B) contains contractile units made of collagen
    C) highly cellular and well vascularized
    D) is a single-celled tissue
    C) highly cellular and well vascularized
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The first step in tissue repair involves ________.

    A) replacement of destroyed tissue by the same kind of cells
    B) proliferation of fibrous connective tissue
    C) inflammation
    D) formation of scar tissue
    C) inflammation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Select the correct statement regarding multicellular exocrine glands.

    A) The secretory cells of holocrine glands release their product by rupturing.
    B) Exocrine glands always lack ducts.
    C) Merocrine glands release their secretion by pinching off part of the cell.
    D) Compound glands are so called because they are constructed from more than one cell type.
    A) The secretory cells of holocrine glands release their product by rupturing.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The three main components of connective tissue are ________.

    A) collagen, elastin, and reticular fibers
    B) fibroblasts, chondroblasts, and osteoblasts
    C) alveoli, fibrous capsule, and secretory cells
    D) ground substance, fibers, and cells
    D) ground substance, fibers, and cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which of the following statements is true of connective tissue?

    A) When connective tissue is stretched, collagen gives it the ability to snap back.
    B) Reticular fibers form thick, ropelike structures.
    C) Elastin fibers are sometimes called white fibers.
    D) Collagen fibers provide high tensile strength.
    D) Collagen fibers provide high tensile strength.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Select the correct statement regarding the cells of connective tissue.

    A) "Blast" cells are undifferentiated, actively dividing cells.
    B) Connective tissue cells are nondividing.
    C) Connective tissue does not contain cells.
    D) Chondroblasts are the main cell type of connective tissue proper.
    A) "Blast" cells are undifferentiated, actively dividing cells.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Select the correct statement regarding tissue repair.

    A) Granulation tissue is another name for a blood clot.
    B) Granulation tissue is highly susceptible to infection.
    C) Inflammation causes capillaries to dilate and become permeable.
    D) The clot is formed from dried blood and transposed collagen fibers.
    C) Inflammation causes capillaries to dilate and become permeable.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Select the correct statement regarding epithelia.

    A) Simple epithelia form impermeable barriers.
    B) Stratified epithelia are tall, narrow cells.
    C) Pseudostratified epithelia consist of at least two layers of cells stacked on top of one another.
    D) Stratified epithelia are present where protection from abrasion is important.
    D) Stratified epithelia are present where protection from abrasion is important.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Select the correct statement regarding adipose tissue.

    A) Mature adipose cells are highly mitotic.
    B) Its primary function is nutrient storage.
    C) Most of the cell volume is occupied by the nucleus.
    D) It is composed mostly of extracellular matrix.
    B) Its primary function is nutrient storage.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. ________ are commonly found wedged between simple columnar epithelial cells.

    A) Macrophages
    B) Cilia
    C) Mast cells
    D) Goblet cells
    D) Goblet cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Select the correct statement regarding factors that affect the tissue repair process.

    A) The age of the person is a factor in the repair process.
    B) The type of tissue injured is not an important factor.
    C) The health of an individual does not seem to make any difference in the speed of repair.
    D) Nutrition does not seem to influence tissue repair.
    A) The age of the person is a factor in the repair process.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. In adults, new surface epithelial cells and the epithelial cells lining the intestine are derived from _________.

    A) mitotic division of existing epithelial cells
    B) underlying epithelial cells
    C) stem cells
    D) components of the connective tissue
    C) stem cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. What would be a substance you would expect to find expelled from a compound alveolar gland?

    A) acid
    B) oil
    C) milk
    D) salivary fluid
    C) milk
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in ________ connective tissue.

    A) embryonic
    B) dense regular
    C) areolar
    D) reticular
    A) embryonic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The shock-absorbing pads between the vertebrae are formed of fibrocartilage. True or False
    True
  44. Brown fat is frequently deposited between the shoulder blades of infants. True or False
    True
  45. Achilles was wounded by damage to the tendon connecting his calf muscles to his heel. This and all tendons are composed mainly of dense irregular connective tissue. True or False
    False; dense regular connective tissue
  46. Macrophages are found in areolar and lymphatic tissues. True or False
    True
  47. Goblet cells are found with pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium. True or False
    True
  48. Epithelial tissues always exhibit polarity; that is, they have a free surface and a basal surface. True or False
    True
  49. Simple cuboidal epithelia are usually associated with secretion and absorption. True or False
    True
  50. Depending on the functional state of the bladder, transitional epithelium may resemble stratified squamous or stratified cuboidal epithelium. True or False
    True
  51. Stratified cuboidal epithelium is moderately rare in the body and found only in the pharynx, larynx, and anorectal junction. True or False
    False; sweat and mammary glands
  52. Endothelium covers and lines internal cavities such as the pleural and peritoneal cavities. True or False
    False; mesothelium
  53. Merocrine glands produce their secretions by accumulating their secretions internally and then rupturing the cell. True or False
    False; holocrine
  54. Salivary glands exhibit simple tubuloalveolar glandular arrangement. True or False
    False;
  55. Connective tissues that possess a large quantity of collagen fibers often provide the framework for organs such as the spleen and lymph nodes. True or False
    False; reticular fibers
  56. The basic difference between dense irregular and dense regular connective tissues is in the amount of elastic fibers and adipose cells present. True or False
    False; arrangement of collagen fibers
  57. A major characteristic of fibrocartilage is its unique amount of flexibility and elasticity. True or False
    False; tensile strength with the ability to absorb compressive shock
  58. Cartilage tissue tends to heal less rapidly than bone tissue. True or False
    True
  59. Intercalated discs and striations suggest the presence of skeletal muscle. True or False
    False; cardiac
  60. Smooth muscle cells possess central nuclei but lack striations. True or False
    True
  61. Most connective tissues have regenerative capacity, while most epithelial tissues do not. True or False
    False; both
  62. Squamous cells are flattened and scalelike when mature. True or False
    True
  63. Functions of connective tissues include binding, support, insulation, and protection. True or False
    True
  64. Sweat glands are apocrine glands. True or False
    False; merocrine
  65. Endocrine glands are often called ducted glands. True or False
    False; ductless
  66. Blood is considered a type of connective tissue. True or False
    True
  67. Nervous tissue consists mainly of neurons and collagen fibers.
    False; neurons and glil cells
  68. The epithelial membrane that lines the closed ventral cavities of the body; makes up the pleura and pericardium
    Serous membrane
  69. The epithelial membrane that lines body cavities open to the exterior; found in lining the digestive and respiratory tracts
    Mucous membrane
  70. Consists of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
    Cutaneous membrane or skin
  71. Lines blood vessels and the heart
    Endothelium
  72. Structural support of the external ear and other structures that need support with flexibility
    Elastic cartilage
  73. Forms much of the fetal skeleton and covers the articular surfaces of long bones
    Hyaline cartilage
  74. Embryonic connective tissue that arises from mesoderm and produces all types of connective tissues
    Mesenchyme
  75. Source of new cells in mature connective tissue
    Mesenchyme
  76. Forms internal supporting framework of soft organs such as the spleen
    Reticular tissue
  77. ________ tissue forms the framework for the lamina propria of mucous membranes.
    Areolar or loose connective
  78. Osteocytes exist in a tiny void called a ________.
    lacuna
  79. Cardiac muscle tissue is single nucleated, has intercalated discs, and is ________.
    branched
  80. ________ muscle cells are multinucleated.
    Skeletal
  81. ________ live in the lacuna of cartilage.
    Chondrocytes
  82. The uppermost layer of skin is composed of ________.
    keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
  83. Kidney tubules are composed of ________ epithelium.
    simple cuboidal
  84. Multiple rows of cells covering a tissue in which the cells are the same shape from the basement membrane to the surfaces would be ________ epithelia.
    transitional
  85. All epithelial tissue rests upon a ________ composed of connective tissue.
    basement membrane
  86. The salivary glands are a good example of a ________ exocrine gland.
    compound tubuloalveolar
  87. Macrophage-like cells are found in many different tissues, and may have specific names that reflect their location or specializations. What is the one functional characteristic common to all macrophage-like cells?
    phagocytosis
  88. All of the following statements refer to events of tissue repair. Put the events in proper numbered order according to the sequence of occurrence. The initial event, the injury, is already indicated as number one.

    1. The skin receives a cut that penetrates into the dermis and bleeding begins.
    2. Epithelial regeneration is nearly complete.
    3. Granulation tissue is formed.
    4. Blood clotting occurs and stops the blood flow.
    5. The scar retracts.
    6. Macrophages engulf and clean away cellular debris.
    7. Fibroblasts elaborate connective tissue fibers to span the break.
    1-4-3-7-6-5-2

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