A&P II Final Review

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A&P II Final Review
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2013-04-28 15:09:58
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  1. Cells of the stomach that secrete HCL are ________ cells
    Parietal
  2. Some of the microbes that often invade other organs of the body are rarely found in the stomach. The reason for this is the presence of HCl.
    True
  3. The circular folds of the small intestine enhance absorption by causing the chyme to spiral, rather than to move in a straight line, as it passes through the small intestine.
    True

  4. The part of the peritoneum that covers the external surfaces of most digestive organs is the ________ peritoneum.
    Visceral
  5. The pharyngeal-esophageal phase of swallowing is involuntary and is controlled by the swallowing center in the thalamus and lower pons.
    False
  6. Breakdown of glycogen to release glucose.
    Glycogenolysis
  7. Formation of glucose from proteins or fats.
    Gluconeogenesis
  8. Storage of glucose in the form of glycogen.
    Glycogenesis
  9. Breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid.
    glycolysis
  10. All athletes require diets high in protein and calories in order to perform and to maintain their muscle mass          
    false
  11. In the Krebs cycle, citric acid is followed by ________ acid.
    Isocitric
  12. The amount of protein needed by each person is determined by the age, size, and metabolic rate of the person.    
    True
  13. The body is considered to be in nitrogen balance when the amount of nitrogen ingested in lipids equals the amount excreted in urine.
    False
  14. The enzymes that catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions by removing hydrogen are specifically called ________.
    Dehydrogenases
  15. The most abundant dietary lipids in the diets of most Americans are triglycerides.
    True
  16. Triglycerides and cholesterol do not circulate freely in the bloodstream.
    True
  17. Vitamins are inorganic compounds that are essential for growth and good health.
     False
  18. When blood glucose levels are low, the body begins to use more noncarbohydrate fuels for energy production. This process is called glucose activation.
    False
  19. Magnesium excess.
    Hypermagnesemia
  20. Calcium depletion
    Hypocalcemia
  21. Sodium excess
    Hypernatremia
  22. Potassium excess
    Hyperkalemia
  23. Sodium depletion
    Hyponatremia
  24. Although the sodium content of the body may be altered, its concentration in the ECF remains relatively stable because of immediate adjustments in water volume.
    True
  25. Hypoproteinemia reflects a condition of unusually high levels of plasma proteins and causes tissue edema.
     False
  26. Parathyroid hormone regulates ________ ions in the body.
    Calcium
  27. Solutes, regardless of size, are able to move freely between compartments because water carries them along the osmotic gradients.
    False
  28. The most abundant cation in intracellular fluid is sodium.
    False
  29. The most important physiological buffer systems are the lungs and ________.
    Kidneys
  30. Water imbalance, in which output exceeds intake, causing an imbalance in body fluids, is termed dehydration.
    True
  31. A follicle with only a small antrum in it would be classified as a(n) ________ follicle.
    Secondary
  32. It is necessary for the testes to be kept below body temperature for abundant, viable sperm formation.
    True
  33. Surgical cutting of the ductus deferens as a form of birth control is called a(n) ________.
    Vasectomy
  34. The amount of testosterone and sperm produced by the testes is dependent on the influence of FSH alone.
    False
  35. The midpiece of the sperm tail contains mostly ________.
    Mitochondria
  36. The portion of the uterine endometrium that is not sloughed off every month is called the ________.
    stratum basalis
  37. The testis is divided into seminiferous tubules which contain the lobules that produce sperm and the ejaculatory duct that allows the sperm to be ejected from the body.
    False
  38. When it is cold, the scrotum is pulled away from the body
    False
  39. Forms the mother's part of the placenta.
    Decidua basalis
  40. Forms the embryoblast.
    Inner cell mass
  41. A solid sphere of undifferentiated cells.
    Morula
  42. Implantation begins six to seven days after ovulation.
    True
  43. Neural tissue develops from the ________.
    Ectoderm
  44. Of the three germ layers, the mesoderm forms the most body parts
    True
  45. Which cells invade the endometrium, digesting the uterine cells they contact, so that implantation of the blastocyst can occur?
     syncytial trophoblast cells

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