A&P II Final Review
Card Set Information
A&P II Final Review
Cells of the stomach that secrete HCL are
Some of the microbes that often invade other organs of the body are
found in the stomach. The reason for this is the presence of HCl.
The circular folds of the small intestine enhance absorption by causing the chyme to spiral, rather than to move in a straight line, as it passes through the small intestine.
The part of the peritoneum that covers the external surfaces of most digestive organs is the ________ peritoneum.
The pharyngeal-esophageal phase of swallowing is involuntary and is controlled by the swallowing center in the thalamus and lower pons.
Breakdown of glycogen to release glucose.
Formation of glucose from proteins or fats.
Storage of glucose in the form of glycogen.
Breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid.
All athletes require diets high in protein and calories in order to perform and to maintain their muscle mass
In the Krebs cycle, citric acid is followed by ________ acid.
The amount of protein needed by each person is determined by the age, size, and metabolic rate of the person.
The body is considered to be in nitrogen balance when the amount of nitrogen ingested in lipids equals the amount excreted in urine.
The enzymes that catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions by removing hydrogen are specifically called ________.
The most abundant dietary lipids in the diets of most Americans are triglycerides.
Triglycerides and cholesterol do not circulate freely in the bloodstream.
Vitamins are inorganic compounds that are essential for growth and good health.
When blood glucose levels are low, the body begins to use more noncarbohydrate fuels for energy production. This process is called glucose activation.
Although the sodium content of the body may be altered, its concentration in the ECF remains relatively stable because of immediate adjustments in water volume.
Hypoproteinemia reflects a condition of unusually high levels of plasma proteins and causes tissue edema.
Parathyroid hormone regulates ________ ions in the body.
Solutes, regardless of size, are able to move freely between compartments because water carries them along the osmotic gradients.
The most abundant cation in intracellular fluid is sodium.
The most important physiological buffer systems are the lungs and ________.
Water imbalance, in which output exceeds intake, causing an imbalance in body fluids, is termed dehydration.
A follicle with only a small antrum in it would be classified as a(n) ________ follicle.
It is necessary for the testes to be kept below body temperature for abundant, viable sperm formation.
Surgical cutting of the ductus deferens as a form of birth control is called a(n) ________.
The amount of testosterone and sperm produced by the testes is dependent on the influence of FSH alone.
The midpiece of the sperm tail contains mostly ________.
The portion of the uterine endometrium that is not sloughed off every month is called the ________.
The testis is divided into seminiferous tubules which contain the lobules that produce sperm and the ejaculatory duct that allows the sperm to be ejected from the body.
When it is cold, the scrotum is pulled away from the body
Forms the mother's part of the placenta.
Forms the embryoblast.
A solid sphere of undifferentiated cells.
Implantation begins six to seven days after ovulation.
Neural tissue develops from the ________.
Of the three germ layers, the mesoderm forms the most body parts
Which cells invade the endometrium, digesting the uterine cells they contact, so that implantation of the blastocyst can occur?
syncytial trophoblast cells