Horse Production Test #3

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Author:
caitlin.schlagal
ID:
216419
Filename:
Horse Production Test #3
Updated:
2013-04-28 18:39:01
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Description:
Horse Production Lecture Exam number 3
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  1. What is monocular vision?
    Horses can separate pictures with each eye, side vision
  2. What is binocular vision?
    Horses looking at same thing with both eyes, front vision
  3. For a horse to be looking directly at you what direction should there head be pointing?
    Their head should be up
  4. To see a farther away a horse must what?
    Lower its head
  5. A horse cannot see where?
    Directly behind it or directly below their head
  6. Horses are very good at what and not so good at what?
    Very good at detecting movement, not good at focusing clearly on far away objects
  7. What are the three most sensitive touch areas?
    Nose, ears, eyes
  8. What are three social behaviors of a horse?
    • Run in herds
    • Pecking order
    • Must gain trust
  9. What are the main functions of the cardiovascular system?
    • Deliver oxygen from lungs to body tissues
    • Deliver nutrients absorbed in digestive tract to other tissue
    • Carry end-products of cellular metabolism to lungs and kidneys for removal from body
    • Regulate body temperature
  10. During exercise - what two sources are used to supply the extra blood required?
    • Increased cardiac output
    • The redistribution of blood away from less active tissues
  11. What is the vulva?
    exterior opening of repro tract, consists of; labia, clitoris, and vestibule
  12. What is the vagina?
    muscular membrane that communicates vestibule to cervix
  13. What is the cervix?
    Acts as a barrier between vagina and uterus
  14. What does the uterus include?
    Uterine body and uterine horns
  15. Why is reproduction efficiency in horses lowest of all livestock animals?
    • Stress
    • Out of Season
    • We select for performance, not production
  16. Wild horse populations reach ________ efficiency while domestic herds reach ______?
    • 80-90%
    • 50%
  17. Mare breed when?
    longer days of spring and summer
  18. What is the gestation period of a horse?
    11 months
  19. What is the universal birth date for most breed registries?
    Jan 1st
  20. During the winter season mares are in what?
    estrous, minimal hormonal and ovarian activity
  21. True or False: Spring and summer horses will have multiple estrus cycles?
    True
  22. The 21-23 day time between cycles is called what?
    diestrous
  23. What is the usual lasting time of estrus?
    5-7 days
  24. How do mares know it is spring time?
    longer days and pineal gland
  25. What can be considered the master organ in a stallion?
    two testes attached each with epididymus
  26. What is the vas deferens?
    storage tank for sperm cells
  27. What are the four steps in the ejaculation process?
    • Presperm function
    • Sperm fraction
    • Gel fraction
    • Dribble

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