chapter 10.txt

The flashcards below were created by user Johnemt on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. psychodynamic approach & what emphasized
    Freud’s theory: behavior, triggered by forces w/in personality we’re not aware
  2. Freud, psychoanalysis, role of unconscious
    Part of Personality not aware of
  3. The Id
    • Primitive unorganized part of personality (impulse control)
    • Libido Energy, fuels primitive drives (*Freud* sexual energy)
  4. Pleasure Principle
    Motivation to reduce tension & maximize reward (I want concept)
  5. Ego
    Executive part of personality; Balances desires of id & everyday realities
  6. Reality Principle
    Concerned with safety & realistically meeting demands of situations
  7. Superego
    Last to develop; Represents rights & wrongs of society taught & modeled by parents, teachers, etc. –Sense of morality
  8. Conscience
    Guides moral behavior
  9. Ego-ideal
    Represents the “perfect person
  10. Freud's stages of personality development
    • Oral - birth to 12-18 months
    • Anal - 12-18 months to 3 years
    • Phallic - 3-6 years
    • Latency - 5-6 years to adolecence
    • Genital - adolescence to adulthood
  11. Repression
    Unacceptable memories/impulses pushed out of consciousness
  12. Rationalization
    Self-justifying explanations
  13. Projection
    Project/put onto others, unacceptable feelings, impulses
  14. Displacement
    Releasing pent-up energy on less threatening objects
  15. Denial
    Refusing to acknowledge anxiety producing info
  16. Sublimation
    Substitute socially acceptable behavior for unacceptable impulses
  17. Reaction Formation
    Reacting & forming/expressing completely opposite attitude
  18. Jung, collective unconscious, archetype
    In collective unconscious: common feelings, fears, ideas, common in all cultures
  19. Adler, striving for superiority, inferiority complex
    Holding onto feelings of inferiority; childhood origins
  20. assumptions of trait theories
    Model of personality: People possess certain traits (personality characteristics)
  21. Cardinal Trait
    Single characteristic that directs most of a person’s activities
  22. Central Traits
    Major characteristics of an individual
  23. Secondary Traits
    Less influential characterstics, affect behavior in fewer situations
  24. extroversion
    interest in behavior directed towards others or one's invirement
  25. neuroticism
    • personality trait in psychology
    • characterized by anxiety, moodiness, worry, envy and jealousy
  26. psychoticism
    • personality pattern defined as
    • aggressiveness and interpersonal hostility
  27. Big 5 personality traits
    • Openness to experience
    • Conscientiousness
    • Extraversion
    • Agreeableness
    • Neuroticism
  28. Person’s cognitions
    thoughts, feelings, expectations, & values – can influence personality;
  29. self-efficacy
    belief in one’s personal capabilities
  30. Self-esteem
    encompasses our positive and negative evaluations
  31. evolutionary personality approach
    Teaching via without emotion vs with emotion.
  32. Important components of personality are
    inherited: Gained via genes, especially shown in twins
  33. core of humanistic personality theory
    THeories that emphasize people’s innate goodness and desire to achieve higher levels of functioning
  34. Unconditional positive regard-
    attitude of acceptance and respect, no matter what a person says/does
  35. Self-actualization-state of self-fulfillment,
    realizing highest potential
  36. reliability vs. validity
    • Reliability- consistently measures a trait
    • Validity- test measures what it is supposed to
  37. MMPI-2(Minn. Multiphasic Personality Inventory)-
    self report test: 10 scales that measure psychological disorders; can predict behaviors(future marriage, police officer using a weapon)
  38. Projective tests
    • show ambiguous stimulus;ask to describe or tell a story about it
    • scary woman picture
  39. Rorschach test
    ink blots
  40. TAT-
    tell a story behavioral assessment approach
Card Set:
chapter 10.txt
2013-04-29 04:09:30
chapter 10

chapter 10
Show Answers: