07-The_General_History_of_Virginia

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a1967c
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21649
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07-The_General_History_of_Virginia
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2011-06-08 01:14:55
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English Textbook Vocabulary with Chinese translation.
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  1. scarce
    • [skɛəs]
    • 不足的,缺乏的
    • Insufficient to,short in
  2. oppress
    • [əˈpres]
    • v.压迫,折磨
    • To weigh heavily on
  3. thereat
    • [ðɛərˈæt]
    • adv.于是,因此
    • At that event; on account of that
  4. marvel
    • [ˈmaːvəl]
    • n.奇迹
  5. allowance
    • [əˈlauəns]
    • n.补贴,定量
    • Something,such as money,given at regular intervals or for a specific purpose
  6. proportion
    • [prəˈpɔːʃən]
    • n.部分,比例
    • A part considered in relation to the whole部分;balance or symmetry均称,平衡;比例
  7. pilfer
    • [ˈpilfə]
    • v.偷偷摸摸,小偷小摸
    • steal (a small amount or item)
  8. sassafras
    • [ˈsæsəfræs]
    • n.檫木
    • The dried root bark of this plant,used as a flavoring and a source of a volatile oil.
  9. tavern
    • [ˈtævə(ː)n]
    • n.小酒店
    • An establishment licensed to sell alcoholic beverages to be consumed on the premises.
  10. common kettle
    • [ˈkɔmən ˈketl]
    • 公共饭锅,大锅饭
    • communal cooking pot
  11. gluttony
    • [ˈglʌtəni]
    • n.贪食
    • Excess in eating
  12. canonize
    • [ˈkænənaiz]
    • v.封...为圣徒
    • To declare (a deceased person) to be a saint and entitled to be fully honored as such.
  13. engross
    • [inˈgrəus]
    • v.独占;垄断
    • To acquire most or all of (a commodity); monopolize (a market).
    • engrossing to his private:taking for his own use
  14. oatmeal
    • [ˈəutmiːl]
    • n.燕麦
    • Meal made from oats; rolled or ground oats.
  15. sack
    • [sæk]
    • n.萨克葡萄酒
    • Any of various light,dry,strong wines from Spain and the Canary Islands,imported to England in the 16th and 17th centuries
  16. aqua vitae
    • [ˈækwi ˈvaitə Lat. ˈwitɑ]
    • n.蒸馏酒(白兰地,威士忌)
    • Strong distilled alcohol,especially a strong liquor such as whiskey or brandy.
  17. pint
    • [paint]
    • n.品脱(~0.5升)
  18. as much
    • [æs mʌtʃ]
    • adv.同样多
  19. boil
    • [bɔil]
    • v.浇开,煮沸
    • To cook or clean by boiling; To vaporize (a liquid) by the application of heat.
  20. fry
    • [frai]
    • v.油炸,烧毁
    • To cook over direct heat in hot oil or fat
  21. grain
    • [grein]
    • n. 谷粒,颗粒
  22. bran
    • [bræn]
    • n.糠,麸
    • The outer layers of the grain of cereals such as wheat,removed during the process of milling and used as a source of dietary fiber.
  23. lodging
    • [ˈlɔdʒiŋ]
    • n.住宿
    • Sleeping accommodations
  24. toil
    • [tɔil]
    • v.苦干,辛苦
    • To labor continuously; work strenuously.
  25. bear
    • [bɛə]
    • v.携带;运输
    • To carry on one's person; convey.
  26. palisade
    • [ˌpæliˈseid]
    • n.(防御)栅栏
    • A fence of pales forming a defense barrier or fortification.
  27. strain
    • [strein]
    • v.扭伤
    • To injure or impair by overuse or overexertion; wrench
  28. bruise
    • [bruːz]
    • v.瘀伤青肿
    • To injure the underlying soft tissue or bone without breaking the skin,as by a blow.
  29. extremity
    • [iksˈtremiti]
    • n.绝境,极度
    • The greatest or utmost degree
  30. sturgeon
    • [ˈstəːdʒən]
    • n.鲟鱼
    • Any of various large,ganoid freshwater and marine fishes of the family Acipenseridae of the Northern Hemisphere,having edible flesh and valued as a source of caviar and isinglass.
  31. pinnace
    • [ˈpinis,pinəs]
    • n.舰载艇
    • A small sailing boat formerly used as a tender for merchant and war vessels.
  32. depose
    • [diˈpəuz]
    • v.免职,罢免
    • To remove from office or power.
  33. provision
    • [prəˈviʒən]
    • n.供应品
    • supplying,something provided,especially food
  34. patron
    • [ˈpeitrən]
    • n.守护神,赞助人
    • One that supports,protects,or champions someone or something
  35. affirm
    • [əˈfəːm]
    • v.断定
    • To declare positively or firmly,confirm
  36. incontradictable
    • [inˈkɔntrədiktəbl]
    • 不可辩驳的
    • being un-denied
  37. nourish
    • [ˈnʌriʃ]
    • v.滋生,养育
    • To provide with food or other substances necessary for life and growth; feed.
  38. conceit
    • [kənˈsiːt]
    • n.虚幻的想法,别出心裁
    • A fanciful thought or idea
  39. ignorant
    • [ˈignərənt]
    • 无知的,愚昧的
    • Lacking education or knowledge
  40. victual
    • [ˈvitl]
    • n.食物
    • Food fit for human consumption
  41. not at all
    • [nɔt æt ɔːl]
    • 一点也不,根本不
  42. be subject to
    • [biː ˈsʌbdʒikt tuː]
    • v. 从属于
  43. untoward
    • [ʌnˈtəuəd]
    • 倔强的
    • Hard to guide or control; unruly.
  44. industry
    • [ˈindəstri]
    • n.勤奋
    • Energetic devotion or an endeavor; diligence
  45. commit
    • [kəˈmit]
    • v. 委托
  46. mow
    • [mau]
    • v.割下,收割
    • To cut down grass or other growth
  47. thatch
    • [θætʃ]
    • n.v.茅草
    • Plant stalks or foliage,such as reeds or palm fronds,used for roofing.
  48. neglecting
    • [niˈglekt]
    • v.忽视,疏忽
    • To pay little or no attention to
  49. ensue
    • [inˈsjuː]
    • v.相继发生
    • To follow as a consequence,follow
  50. barbarian
    • [baːˈbɛəriən]
    • n.野蛮人
    • A member of a people considered by those of another nation or group to have a primitive civilization.
  51. triumph
    • [ˈtraiəmf]
    • n.庆祝成功,盛典
    • Exultation or rejoicing over victory or success.
  52. conjuration
    • [ˌkɔndʒuəˈreiʃən]
    • n.咒语,魔法
    • A magic spell or incantation
  53. demean
    • [diˈmiːn]
    • v.谦逊
    • To humble (oneself),degrade
  54. divert
    • [diˈvəːt]
    • v.转移…的注意
    • To turn aside from a course or direction,To distract
  55. surprise
    • [səˈpraiz]
    • n.突击,逮捕
    • To attack or capture suddenly and without warning.
  56. procure
    • [prəˈkjuə]
    • v.获得,取得
    • To get by special effort; obtain or acquire
  57. estimation
    • [estiˈmeiʃən]
    • n.尊重
    • Favorable regard,esteem
  58. draw
    • [drɔː]
    • v.推断出
    • To attract customers or spectators
  59. prosecute
    • [ˈprɔsikjuːt]
    • v.追捕
    • To chase or pursue
  60. division
    • [diˈviʒən]
    • n.分开,分割
    • The act or process of dividing
  61. turning
    • [ˈtəːniŋ]
    • n.拐弯处
    • A deviation from a straight course; a turn.
  62. slain
    • [slein]
    • P of slay,v.宰杀
    • Past participle of slay,To kill violently
  63. divers
    • [ˈdaivəs]
    • 数个的
  64. gall
    • [gɔːl]
    • v.磨伤,擦伤
    • To make (the skin) sore by abrasion; chafe
  65. oozy
    • [ˈuːzi]
    • 软泥的
  66. creek
    • [kriːk]
    • n.小溪
    • A small stream,often a shallow or intermittent tributary to a river,brook
  67. diligently
    • [dilidʒənt]
    • 勤奋地
  68. chafe
    • [tʃeif]
    • v.擦热
  69. benumb
    • [biˈnʌm]
    • v.使麻木
    • To make numb,especially by cold; dull
  70. captain
    • [ˈkæptin]
    • v.首领
  71. marvel
    • [ˈmaːvəl]
    • v.惊异于
    • To become filled with wonder or astonishment
  72. chase
    • [tʃeis]
    • v.追赶,追逐
  73. complexion
    • [kəmˈplekʃən]
    • v.(面部)肤色
  74. antipodes
    • [ænˈtipəˌdiːz]
    • n.相对极
    • Any two places or regions that are on diametrically opposite sides of the earth
  75. notwithstanding
    • [ˌnɔtwiθˈstændiŋ]
    • adv.仍然,还是
  76. triumphant
    • [traiˈʌmfənt]
    • 祝捷的
    • victorious
  77. grim
    • [grim]
    • 严酷的,阴沉的
    • Unrelenting; rigid
  78. courtier
    • [kɔːtjə]
    • n.侍臣
    • An attendant at a sovereign's court.
  79. bravery
    • [ˈbreivəri]
    • n.勇敢,勇气
    • courage.
  80. bedstead
    • [ˈbedsted]
    • n.床架
    • The frame supporting a bed.
  81. robe
    • [rəub]
    • n.长袍,盖毯
    • A long,loose,flowing outer garment,especially:An official garment worn on formal occasions to show office or rank,as by a judge or high church official.
  82. raccoon
    • [rəˈkuːn]
    • n.浣熊
    • A carnivorous North American mammal (Procyon lotor) having grayish-brown fur,black masklike facial markings,and a black-ringed bushy tail.
  83. wench
    • [wentʃ]
    • n.乡下女孩,部落女孩
    • A young woman or girl,especially a peasant girl.
  84. bedeck
    • [biˈdek]
    • v.装饰,点缀
    • To adorn or ornament in a showy fashion.
  85. down
    • [daun]
    • n.绒毛
    • Fine,soft,fluffy feathers forming the first plumage of a young bird and underlying the contour feathers in certain adult birds.
  86. bead
    • [biːd]
    • n.珠子,水珠
    • A small,often round piece of material,such as glass,plastic,or wood,that is pierced for stringing or threading; A drop of moisturen.
  87. bunch
    • [bʌntʃ]
    • n.串,束
  88. barbarous
    • [ˈbaːbərəs]
    • 野蛮的,未开化的
    • Primitive; uncivilized.
  89. club
    • [klʌb]
    • n.棍棒
    • A stout,heavy stick,usually thicker at one end,suitable for use as a weapon; a cudgel.
  90. entreaty
    • [inˈtriːti]
    • n.恳求
    • An earnest request or petition; a plea.
  91. prevail
    • [priˈveil]
    • v.成功,奏效
    • To be or become effective; win out
  92. hatchet
    • [ˈhætʃit]
    • n.短柄斧
    • A small,short-handled ax for use in one hand.
  93. occupation
    • [ˌɔkjuˈpeiʃən]
    • n.职业
    • An activity that serves as one's regular source of livelihood; a vocation.
  94. mat
    • [mæt]
    • n.席子,垫子
  95. doleful
    • [ˈdəulful]
    • 阴沉的,忧愁的
    • Filled with or expressing grief; mournful; sad
  96. esteem
    • [isˈtiːm]
    • v.把…看作
    • To regard as; consider
  97. quarter
    • [ˈkwɔːtə]
    • v.扎营
    • To take up or be assigned lodgings.
  98. mollify
    • [ˈmɔlifai]
    • v.平息,安抚
    • To calm in temper or feeling; soothe; pacify
  99. stern
    • [stəːn]
    • 毫不宽容的,无情的
    • Inexorable; relentless
  100. betimes
    • [biˈtaimz]
    • 及早地
    • In good time; early
  101. demiculverin
    • [ˌdemiˈkʌlvərin]
    • n.(古)长炮
    • large cannons
  102. millstone
    • [ˈmilstəun]
    • n.磨石
    • One of a pair of cylindrical stones used in a mill for grinding grain
  103. discharge
    • [disˈtʃaːʒ]
    • v.打炮,射击
    • To shoot
  104. bough
    • [bau]
    • n.树干
    • A tree branch,especially a large main branch.
  105. icicle
    • [ˈaisikl]
    • n.冰柱,垂冰
    • A tapering spike of ice formed by the freezing of dripping or falling water.
  106. tumble
    • [ˈtʌmbl]
    • v.翻滚翻腾
    • To collapse;To fall or roll end over end.
  107. combustion
    • [kəmˈbʌstʃən]
    • n.骚动,燃烧
    • Violent anger or agitation
  108. pinnace
    • [ˈpinəs]
    • n.舰载艇
    • A small sailing boat formerly used as a tender for merchant and war vessels.
  109. hazard
    • [ˈhæzəd]
    • n.冒险
    • A chance of being injured or harmed; danger
  110. falcon
    • [ˈfælkən]
    • n.(古)轻便炮
    • A small cannon in use from the 15th to the 17th century.
    • (猎鸟用的)猎鹰
  111. musket
    • [ˈmʌskit]
    • n.火枪
    • A smoothbore shoulder gun used from the late 16th through the 18th century.
  112. plot
    • [plɔt]
    • v.密谋,策划
    • to form secret plan to accomplish a hostile or illegal purpose; a scheme.;conspiracy
  113. Levitical
    • [liˈvitikəl]
    • 利未人的
    • Levitical law:He that killeth man shall surely be put to death.
  114. by the heels
    • [bai ðə hiːl]
    • 上了脚镣,被逮捕
  115. assuager
    • [əˈsweidʒə]
    • n.减轻或缓解
    • relieve;To pacify or calm
  116. bounty
    • [ˈbaunti]
    • n.慷慨好施
    • Liberality in giving.
    • 奖励
    • A reward,inducement,or payment,especially one given by a government for acts deemed beneficial to the state,such as killing predatory animals,growing certain crops,starting certain industries,or enlisting for military service.See Synonyms at bonus
  117. revive
    • [riˈvaiv]
    • v.使复活,(使)苏醒
    • To bring back to life or consciousness; resuscitate.
  118. oft
    • [ɔft]
    • 经常地(用于复合词)
    • Often. Often used in combination.

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