Review Questions

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LarizaVera
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216519
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Review Questions
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2013-04-29 03:57:12
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  1. A disorder characterized by permanent enlargement of the alveoli accompanied by destruction of the alveolar walls is ________
    emphysema
  2. Adipose tissue is one of the most hydrated of all tissues in the human body
     False
  3. After the egg is fertilized, it is called a(n) ________.
    zygote
  4. All the chemical and mechanical phases of digestion from the mouth through the small intestine are directed toward changing food into forms that can pass through the epithelial cells lining the mucosa into the underlying blood and lymphatic vessels.
    True
  5. As the newborn suckles, the mother's pituitary produces ________ to assist in producing milk
    prolactin
  6. Beta oxidation is the initial phase of fatty acid oxidation, and it occurs in the cytoplasm
    False
  7. Cells are found in the sinusoids of the liver that remove debris from the blood as it flows past are called ________ macrophages.
    Stellate
  8. Changes in arterial pH can modify respiration rate and rhythm even when carbon dioxide and oxygen levels are normal.
    True
  9. Conceptus is a term used to describe the developing human offspring.
    True
  10. Dehydration can be caused by endocrine disturbances such as diabetes mellitus or diabetes insipidus
    True
  11. During normal quiet breathing, approximately 750 ml of air moves into and out of the lungs with each breath.
    False
  12. Electrolytes determine most of the chemical and physical reactions of body fluids
    True
  13. Fat burning causes an accumulation of acetyl CoA, which the liver converts to ________.
    ketones
  14. Fertilization occurs while the egg is still in the ovarian follicle.
    False
  15. Freshly deposited sperm are not capable of penetrating an oocyte
    True
  16. Gastric accommodation is an example of smooth muscle plasticity
    True
  17. Implantation begins six to seven days after ovulation.
    True
  18. In the kidneys, the countercurrent mechanism involves the interaction between the flow of filtrate through the nephron loop of the juxtamedullary nephrons (the countercurrent multiplier) and the flow of blood through the limbs of adjacent blood vessels (the countercurrent exchanger). This relationship establishes and maintains an osmotic gradient extending from the cortex through the depths of the medulla that allows the kidneys to vary urine concentration dramatically.
     True
  19. Labored breathing is termed dyspnea
    True
  20. Ovarian follicles contain mature eggs
    False
  21. Parathyroid hormone regulates ________ ions in the body
    calcium
  22. Respiratory alkalosis occurs when carbon dioxide is eliminated ________ than it is produced.
    faster
  23. Sexually transmitted infections are the most important cause of reproductive disorders
    True
  24. Sodium-linked water flow across a membrane not under hormonal control is called ________ water reabsorption.
    obligatory
  25. Stellate macrophages are found in the liver and are responsible for removing bacteria and worn-out cells
    True
  26. A disorder characterized by permanent enlargement of the alveoli accompanied by destruction of the alveolar walls is ________.
    emphysema 
  27. Adipose tissue is one of the most hydrated of all tissues in the human body
    False
  28. After the egg is fertilized, it is called a(n) ________.
    zygote
  29. All the chemical and mechanical phases of digestion from the mouth through the small intestine are directed toward changing food into forms that can pass through the epithelial cells lining the mucosa into the underlying blood and lymphatic vessels.
    True
  30. As the newborn suckles, the mother's pituitary produces ________ to assist in producing milk.
    prolactin
  31. Beta oxidation is the initial phase of fatty acid oxidation, and it occurs in the cytoplasm.
    False
  32. Cells are found in the sinusoids of the liver that remove debris from the blood as it flows past are called ________ macrophages.
    Stellate
  33. Changes in arterial pH can modify respiration rate and rhythm even when carbon dioxide and oxygen levels are normal
    True
  34. Conceptus is a term used to describe the developing human offspring
    True
  35. Dehydration can be caused by endocrine disturbances such as diabetes mellitus or diabetes insipidus
    True
  36. During normal quiet breathing, approximately 750 ml of air moves into and out of the lungs with each breath.
     False
  37. Electrolytes determine most of the chemical and physical reactions of body fluids
    True
  38. Fat burning causes an accumulation of acetyl CoA, which the liver converts to ________
    ketones
  39. Fertilization occurs while the egg is still in the ovarian follicle.
    False
  40. Freshly deposited sperm are not capable of penetrating an oocyte
    True
  41. Gastric accommodation is an example of smooth muscle plasticity.
    True
  42. Implantation begins six to seven days after ovulation.
    True
  43. In the kidneys, the countercurrent mechanism involves the interaction between the flow of filtrate through the nephron loop of the juxtamedullary nephrons (the countercurrent multiplier) and the flow of blood through the limbs of adjacent blood vessels (the countercurrent exchanger). This relationship establishes and maintains an osmotic gradient extending from the cortex through the depths of the medulla that allows the kidneys to vary urine concentration dramatically.
    True
  44. Labored breathing is termed dyspnea.
    True
  45. Ovarian follicles contain mature eggs.
    False
  46. Parathyroid hormone regulates ________ ions in the body
    calcium
  47. Respiratory alkalosis occurs when carbon dioxide is eliminated ________ than it is produced.
    faster
  48. Sexually transmitted infections are the most important cause of reproductive disorders
    True
  49. Sodium-linked water flow across a membrane not under hormonal control is called ________ water reabsorption.
    obligatory
  50. Stellate macrophages are found in the liver and are responsible for removing bacteria and worn-out cells
    True
  51. Surgical cutting of the ductus deferens as a form of birth control is called a(n) ________
    vasectomy
  52. Terminal bronchioles are lined with ________ epithelium
    cuboidal
  53. The Bohr effect refers to the unloading of ________ in a RBC due to declining pH
    oxygen
  54. The Krebs cycle produces ________ ATP molecules per glucose molecule by substrate-level phosphorylation.
    two
  55. The ________ cells of the blastocyst will take part in placental formation.
    trophoblast
  56. The ________ ligament anchors a tooth in the alveolus of the jaw
    periodontal
  57. The ________ mechanism is the general tendency of vascular smooth muscle to contract when stretched
    myogenic
  58. The act of giving birth is called ________.
    parturition
  59. The amount of protein needed by each person is determined by the age, size, and metabolic rate of the person.
    True
  60. The average individual has 500 ml of residual volume in his lungs
    False
  61. The chief bile pigment is ________.
    bilirubin
  62. The electrolyte deficiency condition where the individual may crave substances like clay, chalk, starch or burnt match tips is called ________.
     pica
  63. The entire responsibility for urine formation lies with the nephron
    True
  64. The enzymes that catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions by removing hydrogen are specifically called ________.
    dehydrogenase
  65. The erectile tissue around the urethra is the corpus ________.
    spongiosum
  66. The female hormone ________ seems to decrease sodium reabsorption, thus promoting sodium and water loss by the kidney
    progesterone
  67. The first "milk" the mother produces is called ________.
    colostrum
  68. The functions of the nasal conchae are to enhance the air turbulence in the cavity and to increase the mucosal surface area exposed to the air
    True
  69. The increased use of noncarbohydrate molecules for energy to conserve glucose is called glucose sparing.
    True
  70. The law of partial pressure is called ________ law
    Dalton's
  71. The longest portion of the small intestine is the ________
     ileum
  72. The need to get up in the middle of the night to urinate is called ________
     nocturia
  73. The only essential function of the stomach is to begin the digestion of proteins.
     False
  74. The path urine takes after it is formed until it leaves the body is the urethra, urinary bladder, and finally the ureter.
    False
  75. The portion of the uterine endometrium that is not sloughed off every month is called the ________.
    stratum basalis
  76. The position of the kidneys behind the peritoneal lining of the abdominal cavity is described by the term retroperitoneal
    True
  77. The process of splitting glucose through a series of steps that produces two pyruvic acid molecules is called ________.
    glycolysis
  78. The relatively unchanging pressure in a filling stomach is due to the contraction of the stomach oblique muscle layer
    False
  79. The suspensory ligament and mesovarium are part of the ________ ligament.
    broad
  80. The term essential nutrient refers to the chemicals that can be interconverted in the liver so that the body can maintain life and good health
    False
  81. The thirst center in the brain is located in the hypothalamus.
    True
  82. There are no complete proteins. All animal products should be eaten with plant material to make a complete protein.
    False
  83. Ventilation perfusion coupling means that more blood flows past functional alveoli than past nonfunctional alveoli.
    True
  84. When a couple is having difficulty conceiving a child, it is necessary to investigate the sperm of the male.
    True
  85. When it is cold, the scrotum is pulled away from the body.
    False

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