[BIOCHEMISTRY] DNA and RNA

Card Set Information

Author:
batangmahaba
ID:
216528
Filename:
[BIOCHEMISTRY] DNA and RNA
Updated:
2013-04-29 06:51:02
Tags:
Biochemistry
Folders:

Description:
Pharmacy Board Examination Reviewer
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user batangmahaba on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. 4 phases of cell cycle
    • M phase
    • G1 phase
    • S phase
    • G2 phase
  2. Phase of cell cycle where cells prepare for and undergo cytokinesis
    M phase
  3. During this phase of cell cycle, the cell makes a decision to either exit the cell cycle and become quiscent or terminally differentiated or to continue dividing
    G1 phase
  4. Phase of cell cycle where the DNA is replicated (DNA synthesis)
    S phase
  5. Phase of cell cycle where histone is synthesized
    S phase
  6. Phase of cell cycle where DNA replication is complete
    G2 phase
  7. Also known as resting phase on cell cycle
    G0 phase
  8. The main enzymatic activity of DNA polymerase
    5'--->3' synthetic activity
  9. A mechanism by which a template strand of DNA is utilized by specific RNA polymerase to generate RNA
    Transcription
  10. 3 classes of RNA
    • mRNA
    • tRNA
    • rRNA
  11. This class of RNA are the genetic coding template to determine the order of amino acids
    mRNA
  12. This class of RNA recognize the encoded sequence of mRNA to allow correct insertion of amino acid into polypeptide chain
    tRNA
  13. This class of RNA are assembled together eith numerous ribosomal protein to form the ribosome
    rRNA
  14. Which polymerase has more molecule per cell? RNA or DNA?
    RNA polymerase
  15. Which is slower? RNA or DNA polymerase?
    RNA polymerase
  16. Process from DNA to RNA
    Transcription
  17. Process from RNA to Proteins
    Translation
  18. A type of mutation in which the base changes but amino acid did not change
    Silent mutation
  19. A type of mutation in which the base changes and amino acid changes
    Missense mutation
  20. A type of mutation in which the base changes and amino acid became stop codon
    Non-sense codon
  21. An enzyme that breaks the hydrogen bond between nitrogenous bases
    Helicase
  22. Inhibitors of protein synthesis
    • Chloramphenicol
    • Streptomycin
    • Tetracycline
    • Neomycin
    • Erythromycin
    • Fusidic acid
    • Puromycin
    • Diptheria toxin
    • Ricin
    • Cycloheximide
  23. It inhibit translation by inhibiting prokaryotic peptidyl transferase
    Chloramphenicol
  24. It inhibit translation by inhibiting prokaryotic peptide chain initiantion and also induce mRNA misreading
    • Streptomycin
    • Neomycin
  25. It inhibit translation by inhibiting aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the ribosome small subunit
    Tetracycline
  26. It inhibit translation by inhibiting prokaryotic translation through the ribosome large subunit
    Erythromycin
  27. Protein synthesis inhibitor similar to erythromycin bu preventing EF-G from dissociating from large subunit
    Fusidic acid
  28. It inhibit translation by interfers with peptide transfer resulting in premature termination in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes
    Puromycin
  29. It inhibit translation by catalyzing ADP ribosylation of and inactivation of eEF-2
    Diptheria toxin
  30. It inhibit translation by catalyzing cleavage of eukaryotic large subunit rRNA
    Ricin
  31. It inhibit translation by inhibiting eukaryotic peptidyltransferase
    Cycloheximide
  32. Drug that resembles aminoacyl-tRNA
    Puromycin

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview