WHAP Chapter 32

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  1. war waged by the argentine military (1976-1982) against leftist groups. characterized by the use of illegal imprisonment, torture, and executions by the military. (p. 857)
    Dirty War
  2. during the cold war, local or regional wars in which the superpowers armed, trained, and financed the combatants.
    Proxy Wars
  3. The first marxist politician elected president in the americas. he was elected president of chile in 1970 and overthrown by a us-backed military coup in 1973.
    Salvador Allende
  4. members of a leftist coalition that overthrew the nicaraguan dictatorship of anastasia somoza in 1979 and attempted to install a socialist economy. the united states financed armed opposition by the contras. the sandinistas lost national elections in 1990
  5. panama's ruler in 1989; bush ordered u.s. invasion of panama to capture him; he had accepted bribes to permit drugs to pass through panama and was given a life sentence after being convicted of drug trafficking
    General Manuel Noriega
  6. A political movement beginning in the 1960s that blends traditional liberal concerns for social justice with an emphasis on economic growth.
  7. shi'ite philosopher and cleric who led the overthrow of the shah of iran in 1979 and created an islamic republic.
    Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
  8. president of iraq from 1979 until overthrown by an american-led invasion in 2003. waged war on iran from 1980 to 1988. his invasion of kuwait in 1990 was repulsed in the persian gulf war in 1991.
    Saddam Husain
  9. japanese business groups after the post-wwii dismantling of the zaibatsu. they are alliances of corporations each often centered around a bank. they dominate the post-wwii japanese economy.
  10. collective name for south korea, taiwan, hong kong, and singapore-nations that became economic powers in the 1970s and 1980s.
    Asian Tigers
  11. rapidly growing, new industrial nations of the late twentieth century, including the asian tigers.
    newly industrialized economies (NIEs)
  12. fourth leader after the emporer; created the 4 modernizations, was leader when gorbachev of the u.s.s.r came, was leader during tiananmen square, created the 4 special zones. communist.
    Deng Xiaoping
  13. site in beijing where chinese students and workers gathered to demand greater political openness in 1989. the demonstration was crushed by chinese military with great loss of life.
    Tiananmen Square
  14. soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the cold war and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931)
    Mikhail Gorbachev
  15. : the policy of economic and governmental reform instituted by Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union during the mid-1980s
  16. polish trade union created in 1980 to protest working conditions and political repression. it began the nationalist opposition to communist rule that led in 1989 to the fall of communism in eastern europe.
  17. This militant communist leader of romania attempted to keep his power by force, but was defeated and sent to the hague to be executed by demand of a military court
    Nicolae Ceausescu
  18. is a Polish politician, trade-unionorganizer, and human-rights activist. A charismatic leader, he co-founded Solidarity (Solidarność), the Soviet bloc's first independent trade union, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983, and served as President of Poland between 1990 and 1995.[3]
    Lech Valesa
  19. the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area
    Ethnic Cleansing
  20. The Rwandan Genocide was a genocidal mass slaughter of the Tutsis by the Hutus that took place in 1994 in the East African state of Rwanda. Over the course of approximately 100 days (from the assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira on April 6 through mid-July) over 500,000 people were killed, according to a Human Rights Watch estimate
    Tutsi Genocide
  21. the process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population.
    Demographic transition
  22. conflict that was triggered by a dispute over oil-drilling rights, leading to the iraqi invasion of kuwait in 1990. this war ended when the u.s. intervened, crushing iraqi resistance and liberating kuwait.
    Persian Gulf War
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WHAP Chapter 32
2013-04-29 15:15:43
AP World History

The End of the Cold War and the Challenge of Economic Development and Immigration, 1975-2000
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