Christian Doctrine FINAL death in the Son

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Christian Doctrine FINAL death in the Son
2013-04-29 22:26:16
christian doctrine theology telford work Westmont westmont college

Final part 2 April 30
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  1. Moral Evil v. Natural Evil
    • Moral evil: murder, something going against the Bible
    • Natural evil: earthquakes or something of the sort
  2. Sin as Failure
    when we are given the opportunity to do something good and don't
  3. Sin as Contradiction
    • sin started with us not with God
    • sin is the utter contradiction of God
  4. Sin as Negation of Good
    • Sin is the absence of God 
    • lack of goodness
  5. Sin as irresponsibility
    • God gave us authority and sin is not caring properly for that authority
    • tree of knowledge was good because it taught us how to trust God and we failed
  6. Sin as Darkness, Foolishness, and Lies
    • darkness: absence of light
    • foolishness: absence of wisdom
    • lies: absence of truth
  7. Sin as unnatural, falling short
    • it is not intrinsically human to be sinful or else jesus wouldn't have been sinful
    • we are always falling short of God's glory and that is the sin that Jesus showed us
  8. Original Sin
    • Augustine
    • Sin is transmitted biologically from human to human
  9. Ancestral Sin
    Adam's sin is transmitted socially
  10. Sin as rebellion/alienation
    • if relationships make us who we are, sin makes relationships what they shouldn't be
    • adam and eve HID
  11. Sin as structural
    • disorders natural way of life
    • sexism, AGEISM, prejudice
  12. Sin as Demonic
    • sin manifested as power
    • we are able to enjoy authority given by God (good) but abuse of this authority is sin
  13. Sin as Satanic
    • sin constructs 'worldly' and the ruler (Satan himself)
    • Jesus OVERCOMES the world
  14. Corruption
    • like rust: it breaks things down
    • we are uncreating one another (think of sexual sin)
  15. Sin as personal
    we become characterized by sin, we now become sinners not just people who sin
  16. Sin as inordinate love
    • unbelief: inordinate love of certainty
    • pride: inordinate love of self
    • rebellion: inordinate love of freedom
    • idolatry: inordinate love of creation 
    • sloth: inordinate love of rest
  17. Consequences of Sin
    • Death
    • Disposal
    • Punishment
  18. Pelagius view of sin
    • we are intact and able to choose from good and evil
    • we just willfully act against God
  19. Augustine view of sin
    • we are incapacitated but not destroyed by sin
    • sin is a condition not just an accumulation of choices
    • we are saved through God's gracious promises
  20. Double Predestination
    • Augustine
    • God chooses people to be saved and God chooses people to not be saved
    • not accepted by the church
  21. Thomas Aquinas on Predestination
    the church offers grace to everyone and those who accept it are the predestined
  22. Calvin on Predestination
    affirms election and believes predestination is the end of Augustine's career
  23. 5 Calvinist Claims
    • TULIP
    • total depravity
    • unconditional election
    • limited atonement
    • irresistible grace
    • perseverance of the saints
  24. Other people on predestination
    • Barth: Jesus is the elect one
    • Liberation theology: God favors the oppressed groups with whom Jesus shows solidarity
    • Newbigin: election pertains to mission, not necessarily salvation
  25. Arminian Predestination
    • predestination is conditional on a person's response
    • Christ died for all but only those who believe are saved
    • a person is unable to believe and needs God's grace for that
    • God's grace is resistable
    • we might be able to lose our salvation
  26. Soteriology
    the study of salvation
  27. Jesus as Priest: Priestly Background
    • Priests are worship leaders
    • they represent God to the people and vice versa
    • they are living sacrifices
    • goal: contain sin
    • problem: the OT cleanliness laws do not rid people of sin
  28. Jesus as Priestly Office
    he doesn't need a sacrifice to atone for sins because He is the ultimate living sacrifice
  29. Jesus as Sacrifice in Priestly office
    • sin becomes GUILT grace becomes FORGIVENESS
    • propitiation:winning the father's mercy
    • expiation: satisfying debt, repaying
    • atonement as SACRIFICE
  30. Objections to Priestly Office
    • feudalism: the King supports me because I work for Him (doesn't work bc if you don't hold up your end to Jesus, He still will)
    • he doesn't come from a line of priests
    • he doesn't sacrifice in a temple
  31. Jesus' priesthood today
    • he still intercedes because he is still human
    • he doesn't need to have been a levite because he is a NEW kind of priest
  32. Royal Office Background
    • Before Judges there was no King, this was bad
    • Rejected God as King
    • God told Samuel there will be a King it will be full of taxes/slavery/war
    • Saul: first king
    • Solomon: splits the Kingdom
    • David is a bad guy but repents so God likes him and promises Him his heir will build a temple that will last forever
    • Dilemma: restore the Kingdom of David to the Kingdom of God
  33. Royal Office Jesus
    • sin becomes OPPRESSION guilt becomes LIBERATION
    • atonement as victory
    • objections: if christ defeated opponents, aren't all defeated?
    • Jesus won!
  34. Royal Office Today
    • Jesus at the right hand 
    • He will return and judge all things
  35. Prophetic Office Background
    • awaiting a prophet 'like Moses'
    • Christ's mission: to announce the Kingdom come
  36. Prophetic Office Jesus
    • sin becomes IGNORANCE grace becomes REVELATION
    • atonement as moral influence/example
  37. Prophetic Office Today
    • Jesus as the living word
    • The Spirit acts now
  38. Did the Father suffer?
    • Docetism: the son only appeared to suffer
    • Modalism: the father suffered too 
    • orthodoxy: The son suffered, the father sympathized 
    • death is a creaturely quality and the Father is not a creature
  39. Cross: What God ISN'T like
    • Eastern Orthodoxy
    • Jesus' humanity but not divinity suffered
    • God's strength strengthened WEAK humanity
    • on the cross Jesus voluntarily refrains from using his divine attributes
  40. Cross: What God IS like
    • Luther
    • God is revealed in powerful weakness
    • God weakness weakens strong humanity
  41. Good Friday Context
    • Jesus is defeated: blasphemer, false prophet, criminal
    • Father is implicated: absent, powerless, or bad
    • Disciples are hopeless: nothing changed after all
  42. Easter Phenomena
    • Empty Tomb: fear and confusion
    • Resurrection appearances: joyful
    • Teachings of the risen jesus: lead church to a new awareness of his significance
    • Gift of Holy Spirit: gift from the father
  43. Easter Conclusiosn
    • Jesus is alive
    • Right all along
    • Lord 
    • He won
    • resurrection is NEW creation not just resuscitation 
  44. Wackiness
    • more common in secular world
    • more common in elite and well educated theories
    • wackiness isn't inherently bad but can lead to it
    • groups are wackier than single entities
  45. Postmillenialism
    A millennium comes and goes and then Jesus comes so that He can make a "soft" landing
  46. Spiritualism in Eschatology
    • personal ideas about life after death trump resurrection or universal conclusions
    • Hope as Gnosticism
  47. Amillennialism
    • the millennium is right now 
    • augustine 
    • hope can yield to abstraction
  48. Premillennialism
    • Jesus comes "hard landing" and He is the kickoff of the millennium
    • Hope can yield to calculation and superstition
  49. Dispensationalism
    apocalyptic passages are woven together in a precise timeline
  50. NT and Wackiness
    Reading the Gospel and NT properly can center our "wacky" eschatological ideas around the story of Jesus
  51. Theodicy
    the problem of God in an evil world
  52. Why Evil?
    • If God is good and all powerful, why is His creation not always good?
    • Atheism/Free will explain away evil
    • Mystery can explain it to be that isn't satisfying
    • Evil is just a form of goodness: not theologically sound
  53. Progression of Evil in the Church
    • First Century Christians strongly believed the Messiah would deliver them from evil 
    • through Atlanta: we will suffer just like Jesus did
    • Later Christians forget that salvation is the judgment of the world not an escape
  54. Participation in Judgment
    • Baptism
    • Church Life
    • Mutual accountability
    • Last Day
  55. Theologia Gloriae v. Crucis
    glory of a superhero vs. the slain lamb's scars being His glory
  56. Alpha and Omega
    • is Jesus the fundamental hinge of your life?
    • Jesus becomes the beginning of the new and intended and the end of the old and frustrated
    • Constitution analogy