NUR Mother/Baby

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NUR Mother/Baby
2013-04-30 02:39:07
Basic Nursing Maternity Lippincott

Chapters: 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70
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  1. amnion
    the inner membrane and fluid surrounding a fetus (bag of waters)
  2. amniotic fluid
    fluid that suspends the fetus within the amnion, cushioning the fetus from injury, regulating temperature, and allowing the fetus to move freely
  3. antepartum
    occurring before childbirth (in reference to the pregnant woman); antepartal
  4. anticipatory guidance
    education about expected changes prior to them happening
  5. ballottement
    a specific palpation to test for a floating object, such as fetus.
  6. cephalocaudal
    literally, "head to toe" (used to denote development progression in infants)
  7. Chadwick's sign
    a cervix that looks blue or purple which may occur as early as the sixth week of pregnancy
  8. chorion
    the outermost fetal membrane
  9. colostrum
    the first fluid secreted by the mammary (breast) glands just before or after childbirth
  10. conception
    union of two sex cells: the ovum and the sperm
  11. congenital
    existing  at birth (may be genetic/inherited or acquired), as in congenital disorders
  12. decidua
    the endometrium during pregnancy
  13. Doppler
    electronic stethoscope which converts ultrasonic frequencies into either audible frequencies or projects them onto a video monitor, used to detect fetal heart tones as early as the 10th week of pregnancy.
  14. ductus arteriosus
    connection between the pulmonary artery and aorta that allows for shunting of blood around the fetal lungs
  15. ductus venosus
    Some oxygenated blood from the umbilical vein passes through the fetal liver, but most of it enters the fetus' inferior vena cava through the ductus venosus (short duct only found in the fetus)
  16. embryo
    a new organism in the first stage of development
  17. fetoscope
    special manual stethoscope used to detect fetal heart tones around the 18th to 20th week of pregnancy
  18. fetus
    the unborn offspring in the postembryonic period (7-8 weeks after fertilization), which develops in the uterus
  19. foramen ovale
    opening between the right and left atria in the fetal heart which permits most blood to bypass the right ventricle since the fetus' lungs are not yet functioning
  20. fundal height
    measurement of the size of the uterus
  21. gestation
    period of development from fertilization to birth
  22. Goodell's signs
    softening of the cervix at about the 8th week of gestation
  23. grand multipara
    pregnant woman who has given birth at least five times
  24. gravida
    a pregnant woman
  25. Hegar's sign
    At about 6 weeks, the lower uterine segment (the portion between the body of the uterus and the cervix) softens. A softening of the uterine fundus , where the embryo has implanted, also occurs by about 7th week
  26. hyperemesis gravidarum
    pernicious vomiting in pregnancy
  27. implant
    burrowing of the future embryo into the endometrium
  28. endometrium
    mucous layer of the uterus, which forms the maternal portion of the placenta during pregnancy
  29. lactation
    milk secretion by the mammary glands (breasts)
  30. linea nigra
    narrow ridge or line; black line, the linea alba when it is darklypigmented during pregnancy. Linea alba: a white line, the vertical line in the center of the abdomen.
  31. lordosis
    an abnormal increase in the lumbar curvature of the spine; sometimes called swayback
  32. melasma
    a "sun-tanned" or bronze-like masking across the face that may occur during pregnancy; also called chloasma gravidarum or the "mask of pregnancy"
  33. morula
    the fertilized zygote when it has divided rapidly and formed a ball of about 16 identical cells.
  34. multifetal
    pregnancy of twins or more
  35. multigravida
    pregnant woman who has given birth at least once
  36. Nägele's rule
    • Determine the date of the first day of the woman's LNMP
    • Add 7 days
    • Subtract 3 months
    • The resulting date is the EDD (estimated date of delivery)
  37. nurse midwife
    a registered nurse who has received specialized training in the management of labor and birth is also called a nurse midwife, or CNM (certified nurse midwife)
  38. obstetrician
    a physician who practices the branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and birth
  39. obstetrics
    is the branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and birth
  40. para
    word that refers to the parting of mother and bay, or the birth itself
  41. pica
    A tendency or craving to eat substances other than normal food (such as clay, plaster, or ashes), occurring during childhood or pregnancy, or as a symptom of disease
  42. placenta
    an organ joining woman an fetus during pregnancy in human beings and other mammals. The placental blood furnishes nutrients, oxygen, hormones, and other substances to the fetus and carries away wastes (also called afterbirth)
  43. preconception
    period in time before the woman is pregnant, as in preconceptional care
  44. prenatal
    Before birth; during or relating to pregnancy
  45. primigravida
    a woman pregnant for the first time
  46. ptyalism
    increase in salivation during pregnancy
  47. quickening
    first fetal movements a woman feels in pregnancy; signs of life
  48. trimester
    3 month, as a trimester in pregnancy
  49. ultrasound
    a method of applying deep, penetrating heat to muscles and tissues
  50. umbilicus
    the navel, or site where the umbilical cord is joined to the fetus
  51. viable
    able to maintain an independent existence; able to live after birth
  52. Wharton's jelly
    soft jelly-like substance that protects the umbilical cord
  53. zygote
    cell that results from the fusion of two mature germ cells
  54. BBT
    Basal body temperature
  55. BMI
    Body mass index
  56. CNM
    Certified Nurse Midwife