APLC

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Jrapp96
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216741
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APLC
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2013-05-03 00:37:28
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Literary Terms
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  1. The repetition of a consonant sounds at the beginning of the words that are close to one another
    Alliteration
  2. An event, object, custom,person, or thing that is out of order in time
    Anachronism
  3. specific type of repetition; word, phrase, or clause repeated at the beginning of 2 or more sentences in a row
    Anaphora
  4. short, simple narrative of an incident
    Anecdote
  5. short,often witty statement of a principle or a truth about life
    Aphorism
  6. calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person or to a place, thing, or personified abstraction
    apostrophe
  7. The repetition of vowel sounds between different consonants, neigh/fade
    Assonance
  8. support for an argument that is based on recognized experts in the field.
    Authority
  9. broad parody
    Burlesque
  10. harsh, awkward, or dissonant sounds used deliberately in poetry or prose
    Cacophony
  11. descriptive writing that greatly exaggerates a specific feature of a person's appearance or a facet of personality
    caricature
  12. the principles and styles admired in the classics of greek and roman literatur
    Classicism
  13. a word or phrase used in everyday conversation and informal writing but that is often inappropriate in formal writing
    colloquialism
  14. quality of a piece of writing in which all the parts contribute to the development of the central idea, theme, or organizing principle
    coherence
  15. an elaborate figure of speech in which 2 seemingly dissimilar things or situations are compared
    conceit
  16. the applied or suggested meaning of a word because of its association in the reader's mind
    connotation
  17. the repetition of identical consonant sounds before and after different vowel sounds
    Consonance
  18. a riddle whose answer is or involves a pun, paradox, or difficult problem
    conumdrum
  19. spoken or written language, including literary works
    discourse
  20. harsh or granting sounds that don't go together
    dissonance
  21. a concise, witty saying in poetry or prose that either stands alone or is part of a larger work
    epigram
  22. a succession of harmonious sounds used in pouty or prose
    euphony
  23. a brief tale used in medieval times to illustrate a sermon or to teach a lesson
    Exemplum
  24. the immediate revelation to the audience of the setting and other background information necessary for understanding the plot
    exposition
  25. tradition stories, songs, dances, and customs that a preserved among a people
    Folklore
  26. the use of a hint or clue to suggest a larger event that occurs later in the work
    Foreshadowing
  27. the excessive pride or ambition that leads a tragic hero to disregard warning of impending doom, eventually causing his or her downfall
    hubris
  28. deliberate exaggeration in order to create humor or emphasis
    Hyperbole
  29. a short descriptive narrative, usually a poem, about an idealized country life
    idyll
  30. reversing the customary order of elements in a sentence or phrase, used effectively when posing a question
    Inversion
  31. a situation or statement in which the actual outcome or meaning is opposite to what was expected
    irony
  32. a sentence that us grammatically complete before its end
    loose sentence
  33. a figure of speech that uses the name of an object, person, or idea to represent something with which t is associated, such as using "the crown" to refer to a monarch
    Metonymy
  34. the method or form of a literary work
    mode
  35. a literary movement that grew out of realism in Francem the united states, and england in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. It portrays humans having no free will, being driven by the natural forced of heredity, environment, and animalistic urges over which they have no control
    Naturalism
  36. an impersonal presentation of events and character
    • objectivity
    • the use of words that sound like what they mean
    • Onomatopoeia
  37. a figure of speech composed of contradictory words or phrases, "wise fool"
    Oxymoron
  38. a short tale that teaches a moral
    Parable
  39. a statement that seems to contradict itself but that turns out to had a rational meaning
    Paradox
  40. a fictional voice that a writer adopts to tell a story, determines by the subject matter and audience
    persona
  41. like a first person narrator, but instead placing the reader inside the character's head, making the reader privy to the continuous, chaotic flow of disconnected, half formed thoughts and impressions in the characters mind
    stream of consciousness narrator
  42. a third person narrator, referred to as "he" "she" or "they. Is able too see into each character's mind and understands all the action
    Omniscient narrator
  43. a third person narrator who reports the thoughts of only one character and generally only what that one character sees
    limited omniscient narrator
  44. a third person narrator who only reputes what would br visible to a camera, thoughts and feelings are only revealed if a character speaks of them
    objective narrator
  45. the main character of a literary work
    protagonist
  46. a nineteenth century literary movement in europe and the united states stressed accuracy in the portrayal of life
    realism
  47. an element in literature that conveys a realistic portrayal of a specific geographical locale, using the locale and its influences as a major part of the plot
    regionalism
  48. exposition, description, narration, argumentation
    Rhetorical modes
  49. A literary, artistic, and philosophical movement that began in the eighteenth century as a reaction to neoclassicism, Focused on imagination,emotion, and freedom, stressing subjectivity, individuality, the love and worship nature, and fascination with the past
    Romanticism
  50. a personal presentation of events and characters, influenced by the authors feelings and opinions
    subjectivity
  51. the demand made that the reader accepts the incidents recounted in the literary work
    suspension of disbelief
  52. a figure of speech in which part of something is used to represent a whole, such as using "boards" to mean a stage pr "wheels" to mean a car
    Synecdoche
  53. quality of a piece of writing
    Unity
  54. the way a written work conveys an author's attitude
    Voice
  55. a narrative in which the characters, behavior, and even the setting demonstrate multiple levels of meaning and significance. 
    Allegory
  56. The Juxtaposition of sharply contrasting ideas ij balanced or parallel words, phrases. grammatical structure, or ideas.
    Antithesis
  57. rhetorical arguments in which the speaker claims to be an authority or expert in a field, or attempts to play upon the emotions, or appeals to the use of reason.
    Appeals to authority, emotion, or logic
  58. a syntactical structure in which conjunctions are omitted in a serious, usually producing more rapid prose
    Asyndeton
  59. the sense expressed by the tone  of voice or the mood of a piece of writing; the authors feelings towards his or her subject, characters, events or theme
    Attitude
  60. an argumentative ploy where the arguer sidesteps the question or the conflict, evades, or ignores the real question
    Begging the question
  61. that which has been accepted as authentic, such as cannon law
    canon 
  62. in argumentation, an assertion of something as a fact
    claim
  63. a mode of discourse in which two or more things are compared, contrasted, or both.
    Comparison and contrast
  64. an accepted manner, model, or tradition
    convention
  65. an assessment or analysis of something, such as a passage or writing, for the purpose of determining what it is, what its limitations are, and how it conforms to the standard of the genre 
    critique
  66. the meths of argument in which specific statements and conclusion are drawn from general principles: movement from the general to the specific 
    deductive reasoning
  67. the language and speech idiosyncrasies of a specific area, region, or group.
    dialect
  68. writing or speech that has an instructive purpose or lesson. dry pompous presentation, regardless of its innate value to the reader/listener
    Didactic
  69. a poem or prose work that laments, or meditates upon the death of, a person or persons
    Elegy
  70. in rhetoric, the repetition of a phrase at the end of successive sentences
    Epistrophe
  71. writing in praise of a dead person, most often inscribed upon a headstone
    epitaph
  72. a speech or written passage in praise of a person; an oration in honor of a deceased person
    Eulogy
  73. a series of comparisons within a piece of writing
    extended metaphor
  74. an earlier event is inserted into the normal chronology of the narration
    flashback
  75. a sermon, but more contemporary uses include any serious talk, speech, or leture involving moral or spiritual belief
    homily
  76. the method of reasoning or argument in which general statements and conclusions are drawn from one specific principals: movement from the specific to the general.
    inductive reasoning
  77. a conclusion or proposition arrived at by considering facts, observations, or some other specific data. 
    Inference 
  78. parallel structure in which the parallel elements are similar not inly in grammatical structure, but also in length.
    Isocolon
  79. speialized or technical language of a trade, profession, or similar group
    Jargon
  80. the location of one thing adjacent to or juxtaposed with another to create an effect, reveal an attitude, or accomplish some other purpose
    Juxtaposition
  81. a figure of speech that emphasizes its subject by conscious understatement
    Litote
  82. the way in which information is presented in written or spoken form.
    mode of discourse
  83. the use of similar forms in writing for nouns verbs, phrases, or thoughts
    Parallel structure
  84. a long sentence in which the main clause is not completed until the end.
    periodic sentence
  85. treating an abstraction  or ninhuman object as if it were a person by endowing it with human features or qualities
    Personification
  86. the ordinary form of written language without metrical structure in contrast to verse and poetry
    prose
  87. an argument technique wherein opposing arguments are anticipated and countered
    Rebuttal/ refutation
  88. a literary work that holds up human failings to ridicule and censure
    Satire
  89. use of a person, place, or thing, or event, or pattern that figuratively represents something else
    SYMBOLISM
  90. the way words are put together to form phrases, clauses, and sentences
    syntax
  91. a grammatically correct construction in which a word, usually a verb or adjective, is applied to two or more nouns without being repeated
    Zeugma

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