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Simple/Active. Qal verbs are primarily active invoice. The Qal stem exhibits simple action.
Simple/Passive or Reflexive. The Niphal is the passive (or reflexive) of the Qal. It is used to express simple action with either a passive or reflexive voice.
Intensive/Active. The Piel stem is sometimes used to express an intensive type of action with an active voice.
Intensive/Passive. The Pual is the passive of the Piel. The Pual stem is used to express an intensive type of action with a passive voice.
Causative/Active. The Hiphil stem is used to express causative action with an active voice.
Causative/Passive. The Hophal is the passive of the Hiphil. The Hophal stem is used to express causative action with a passive voice.
Intensive/Reflexive. The Hithpael stem is used to express an intensive type of action with are flexive (or passive) voice.
Breakdown of Stem Meanings