4. The Roots of Medical Specialists

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KendraMae
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216898
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4. The Roots of Medical Specialists
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2013-04-30 22:36:08
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medical terminology
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Penn Foster Introduction to Medical Terminology/Biochemistry The Roots of Medical Specialists P. 20
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  1. ESTHESI/O
    • feeling, sensation
    • anesthesiologist (a˘n´´e˘s-the¯´´ze¯-o˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • administers anesthetic agents prior to and during surgery
  2. CARDI/O
    • heart
    • cardiologist (kar-de¯-o˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats abnormalities, diseases, and disorders of the heart
  3. CHIR/O
    • hand
    • chiropractor (kι¯´´ro¯-pra˘k´tor)
    • by means of manual manipulation, treats disorders originating from misalignment of the spinal vertebrae
  4. DENT/O
    • tooth
    • dentist (de˘n´tι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of teeth and tissues of the oral cavity
  5. DERMAT/O
    • skin
    • dermatologist (der´´mah-to˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats disorders of the skin
  6. CRIN/O
    • secrete
    • endocrinologist (e˘n´´do-krι˘-no˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and malfunctions of the glands of internal secretion
  7. DEM/O
    • people
    • epidemiologist (e˘p´´ ι˘-de¯´´me¯-o˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • the study of sudden outbreaks of disease, or epidemics, in a population group
  8. GASTR/O
    • stomach
    • gastroenterologist (ga˘s´´tro¯-e˘n´´ter-o˘l´o-jι˘st)
    • intestine diagnoses and treats disorders of the
    • stomach and intestines
  9. ENTER/O
    • intestine
    • gastroenterologist (ga˘s´´tro¯-e˘n´´ter-o˘l´o-jι˘st)
    • intestine diagnoses and treats disorders of the
    • stomach and intestines
  10. GERONT/O
    • old age
    • gerontologist (jer´´o˘n-to˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases, disorders, and problems associated with aging
  11. GYNEC/O
    • female
    • gynecologist (gι¯´´nah-ko˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the female reproductive system
  12. HEMAT/O
    • blood hematologist (he¯m´´ah-to˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the blood and blood-forming tissues
  13. IMMUN/O
    • protected
    • immunologist (ι˘m´´u¯-no˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • studies the immune system; compare with allergist (a˘l´er-jι˘st), one who diagnoses and treats conditions of altered immunological reactivity
  14. INTERN/O
    • within, inner
    • internist (ι˘n-ter´nι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the internal organs
  15. NAT/O
    • birth
    • neonatologist (ne¯´´o¯-na¯-to˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats disorders of the newborn
  16. NEPHR/O
    • kidney
    • nephrologist (ne˘-fro˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the kidneys
  17. NEUR/O
    • nerve
    • neurologist (nu¯-ro˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the nervous system
  18. OBSTETR/O
    • midwife obstetrician (o˘b´´ste˘-trι˘sh´u˘n)
    • provides medical care to women during and immediately after pregnancy
  19. ONC/O
    • tumor
    • oncologist (o˘ng-ko˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats malignant disorders
  20. OPHTHALM/O
    • eye
    • ophthalmologist (o˘f ´´tha˘l-mo˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the eye
  21. OPT/O
    • eye, vision
    • optometrist (o˘p-to˘m´e-trι˘st)
    • measures accuracy of vision and prescribes corrective lenses or eyeglasses
  22. ORTH/O
    • straight, normal
    • orthopedist (or´´tho¯-pe¯´dι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles
  23. OSTE/O
    • bone
    • osteopathic (o˘s´´te¯-o¯-pa˘th´ι˘k)
    • physician diagnoses and treats health problems by manipulation, and also by traditional forms of treatment
  24. OT/O
    • ear
    • otorhinolaryngologist (o˘´´to¯-rι¯´no¯-lar´´ι˘n-go˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, and throat
  25. RHIN/O
    • nose
    • otorhinolaryngologist (o˘´´to¯-rι¯´no¯-lar´´ι˘n-go˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, and throat
  26. LARYNG/O
    • larynx, throat
    • otorhinolaryngologist (o˘´´to¯-rι¯´no¯-lar´´ι˘n-go˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, and throat
  27. PATH/O
    • disease, suffering
    • pathologist (pah-tho˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • analyzes tissue samples to confirm diagnoses and performs autopsies
  28. PED/O, PEDI/A
    • child
    • pediatrician (pe¯´´de¯-ah-trι˘sh´u˘n)
    • diagnoses, treats, and prevents disorders and diseases of children; also, adolescent medicine serves patients between puberty and completion of physical growth
  29. POD/O, PED/I
    • foot
    • podiatrist (po¯-dι¯´ah-trι˘st)
    • diagnoses, treats, and corrects disorders of the foot
  30. PROCT/O
    • anus, rectum
    • proctologist (pro˘k-to˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats disorders of the anus and rectum
  31. PSYCH/O
    • mind
    • psychiatrist (sι¯-kι¯´ah-trι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats chemical dependencies, emotional problems, and mental illness; compare with psychologist (sι¯-ko˘l´o¯-jι˘st), one who studies, evaluates, and treats emotional problems
  32. UR/O
    • urine, urinary organs
    • urologist (u¯-ro˘l´o¯-jι˘st)
    • diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the urinary system of females and the genitourinary system of males

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