What 4 countries claimed the Oregon country? What did the Oregon country include?
Us, Russia, Spain, and Britain Oregon Washington, Idaho, pays of Wyoming, half became British Columbia.
What did they discuss in the Adams Onis treaty?
The British worked with Adams in 1818 on a joint occupation, people from both us and Britain can settle there, so Adams in 1825 said to divide at 49th parrell, but British wanted more land.
Who were the mountain men?
American adventures that spent most of their time in the rocky mountains, adopted native American ways, had native American wives, made a living by trapping Beaver.
What was the point of the Whitman mission? What happen to set the native Americans off? When was the mission?
To bring Christiany to Native Americans , but they bought diseases killing the children, making the native Americans attack the missions, killing the Whitman. 1830s
Pioneers were called __________________, from the us and went to Oregon.
Pioneers used __________________________, or canvas-covered wagons used to stuff their stuff in.
Who proposed the idea of manifest destiny? What is that?
John O' Sullivan declared it was America's destiny to overspread and posses the whole continent all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
What were the 2 candidates in the 1844 election? What were their beliefs on the ownership of the Oregon country?
John k. Polk (Democratic) - wanted sole ownership of Oregon country
Henry Clay (wig) - had a weak positions on Oregon issue.
What was the final boundary seperating the us and British? When was this boundary decided?
Most residents of Texas were _____________________, Mexicans who claimed Texas as their home
What did the Spanish offer to promote the growth of Texas.
Offered vast tracts of land
What are empresarios? Who was the 1st land grant. 2nd.?
People Who obtain these grants from the government and recruited the settlers Moses Austin - 1st., Stephen f. Austin - 2 nd : 1st setterlers called the old three hundred
What were Mexico's colonization laws?
Land at low prices if the colonists learned Spanish, converted to Catholicism and obeyed Mexican law.
What major thing happened in the 1830s. What did Mexico do about it
Americans outnumbered the Mexicans so Mexicans issued a decree to stop immigration from us to have more Mexicans.
Who becomes the dictator of Mexico in 1835
What was the 1st battle of the texan revolution. How did the texans get troop.
Town of Gonzales offered free land to those who fought.
When does Texas declare their independence from Mexico? What does Texas become. ? Who recognized the independence?
March 2, 1836, Republic of Texas, Sam Houstan
In what battle does Santa Anna recognize Texas independence.
The battle of San jacinto
Why didn't Jackson, van Buren, Tyler want to annex Texas
Since Texas was a slave state, it would upset the balance of slaves and free States.
Why does James Polk win the election of 1844
Because supported annexation of Texas and gaining the control of Oregon from Britain
When does Texas become a state
Who founded the Santa Fe trail? When was it in use by others?
William Becknell used until the railroad came in 1880
Spanish explorers and missionaries developed missions. By 1820 how many missions did they have?
When did California become a state?
After Mexico gained their independence from Spain in 1821
In 1833 the Mexican government passed a law abolishing the missions, so the government sold the lands to who?
Rancheros, or Ranchos owners. Ranchos ate huge properties. They got the Native Americans to work for them.
By when had Americans started to settle heavy in California? What did they considered as they noticed they liked California?
1845 considered adding California to the the nation because wanted to build ports on Pacific, and be safely bordered by sea.
Why did James Polk want California and new Mexico? What did he do when Mexico refused to give it to them?
Have clear passage to Pacific Ocean and most importantly manifest destiny. Provoked the Mexicans to take military action war, so that Polk could tell the Congress and they could go to war.
Describe the dispute of the Texas-Mexico border?
US thought boundary was at Rio Grande and Mexico claimed it was along the Nueces river. Polk sent John Slidell to offer 30 million dollars if Mexico accepts the to grande border. Also the US will pay Mexican debts owed to American citizens.
What does Polk do after Mexico refuses the deal?
Polk and sends Zachary Taylor to build a Fort between the boundaries. The Mexicans a attack them back, leading Taylort to him going the Congress
Explain the attitude toward the war with Mexico ?
Whigs-thought the war was going to be too aggressive, Democrats-supported the war.
What was Abrahams Lincoln view of the war
Claim that the spot was in Mexico and that Polk therfore had no grounds for blaming the war on Mexico
what was Frederick Douglass view on the war?
Belief that if the US expand it into the west the southern state will carry slavery into the new territory
What was president Polk's plan for war with Mexico?
American troops wood drive Mexican forces out of the disputed border region in Texas and make the border secure first second US would seize New Mexico and California, finally American forces would take Mexico City the capital of Mexico
What were the terms of the peace treaty called Guadeloupe hidalgo ?
Mexico gave up all claims to Texas in and agreed to the Rio Grande as the border between Texas and Mexico
What was the California gold rush?
When James Marshall found gold in 1848 and in 1849 people, called forty niners, arrived looking for gold. The 40 9ers included Americans, Europeans, Mexicans, and Chinese.
Describe the life in California?
People built boomtowns, New communities the miners built that had businesses an increasing population ,. Few made lasting wealth, merchants made huge prophets.
Who discovered Levi denim jeans?
How did many Californios lose their land?
Became us citizens and had to prove ownership of their land.
What was it like in the gold rush societies?
Lonely men that drunk, gambled, fought. Also it was no police, leading to people to form vigilantes, or people who took the law into their own hands to protect themselves.
When did California apply for Statehood? Why didn't the US say yes?
1850 because California banned slavery adding them as a state would ruin the balance of slaves and free States.
Why did the Americans want control of the Oregon country?
To gain access to the Pacific Ocean
What was the Oregon Trail?
Past people use to emigrate from the US to Oregon
Spain gave up claims for the Oregon country and set their _______________________________________.
Northern California border
______________ surrendered the claim in 1824
What was the highlight of the year for the mountain men?
How did the Native Americans assist pioneers on their journey west ?
were a guide and traded food for them
most pioneers settle in ________________________.
Why did the Americans believe they had the right to claim Texas?
a part of Louisiana Purchase
Why was the Battle of the alamo important toTexans even though they lost? What was going on during the battle at Washington on the Brazos?
Gave them time and allowed them to delay Santa Anna and focused more on their independence Texas declared its independence
What was the Santa fe trail used for. Where did it start and end?
Trade started in Missouri, went to New Mexico
__________________ and _________________ explorers were the 1st to settle in California
Spanish explorers and missionaries
Name three reasons why there are tensions with Mexico in the 1840s?
Dispute over texan Mexican border, Mexico didn't recognize Texas independence, Mexico wouldn't sell new Mexico to the US
Who were the Californios?
Mexican Californian's that were declared citizens of the US by the Treaty of Guadalupe
What are three things to California Gold Rush caused?
Lots of violence and murders because people robbing other for the gold, expanded agriculture, trade, and shipping, increase population
Profited the most from the gold rush
Organize the American Fur Company
John Jacob Asten
Found gold in 1848 in California
designed denim Levi jeans
Captures Santa Fe in August 1846
Stephen watts Kerny
Built fort between disputed border in the order of Polk
Agent that was authorized to offer 30 million for California and New Mexico in return for Mexico's acceptance of the Rio Grande a border also the US would pay the Mexican debt owed to American citizens
first American Trader to reached Santa Fe and founded the Santa Fe Trail
Nations president in 1841 and first vice president to become president of death of a cheaf executive
Received first land grant in 1821
confirm his father's land grant
Stephens f Austin
General That became President of Mexico and later a dictator
Commander in chief of the Texan forces and became president in 1836
___________________ People came to California is search of gold is 1849
80, 000 people
What city grew from a tiny village to a city of about 20,000 people during the gold rush
50 miles stretch from: Sierra Nevada
Who are the first settlers to settle on the land grant that Stephen f Austin had?
Old three hundred
Who wereThe first Americans to reach the Oregon country?