Conditions for Organic Reactions (IB)

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Author:
eatenbread
ID:
216907
Filename:
Conditions for Organic Reactions (IB)
Updated:
2013-04-30 22:56:53
Tags:
conditions organic reactions combustion addition substitution polymerization oxidation esterification amid fermentation
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Description:
Conditions of organic reactions you need to know for the IB/SL course
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  1. combustion
    • meet energy of activation
    • excess oxygen
  2. addition (alkene + halogen (CL2, Br2))
    room temperature and pressure
  3. addition (alkene + H2)
    • Ni catalyst
    • high temperature/pressure
  4. addition (alkene + hydrogen halide)
    room temperature and pressure
  5. addition (alkene + H2O)
    • H2SO4
    • high temperature/pressure
  6. free radical substitution
    • UV light¬†
    • heat
    • Cl2 will react in dark at high temperatures
    • Br2 will not react in the dark
  7. nucleophilic substitution
    • heat
    • reflux
  8. oxidation 2o alcohol
    • heat
    • K2Cr2O7
    • H2SO4
    • reflux
  9. addition polymerization
    • heat and pressure
    • catalyst
  10. oxidation (to aldehyde)
    • heat
    • K2Cr2O7
    • H2SO4
    • distillation
  11. oxidation (to carboxylic acid)
    • heat
    • K2Cr2O7
    • H2SO4
    • reflux
  12. esterification
    • heat
    • H2SO4
  13. amide formation
    • heat
    • H2SO4
  14. fermentation
    enzymes from yeast

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