What term means instrument to view inside a joint?
what term means to suture a muscle?
process of visually examining
abnormal flow or excessive
swallow or eat
instrument for viewing
surgically create an opening
mass, tumor, swelling
process of recording
abnormal decrease, too few
bone marrow, spinal cord
abnormal, difficult, painful
abnormal, two like parts of a pair, beside, near
rapid flow of blood
unable to speak
crush a stone
study of the heart
study of the kidney
study of urine
study of ears, nose, and larynx
study of females
study of nerves
study of eyes
study of hearing
study of the ear
study of tissues
planes of the body
sagital, transverse, and frontal
divides right and left
front and back
away from the middle
artificial substitute for a body part
what is regurgitation?
to flow backwards
what does hemostasis mean?
stopping the flow of blood.
spitting up blood
passing bright red blood in the stools
what is it called when the intestine/colon twists on itself?
another name for voiding
micturition or urinating
what is the term for viewing inside the abdomen?
what is the term for viewing inside the bladder?
what does gravida mean?
dilation and curettage
types of mastectomies
radical and simple
what is a radical mastectomy?
surgical removal of the breast tissue plus chest muscles and axillary lymph nodes.
what is a simple mastectomy?
surgical removal of the breast tissue
term for first menses
term for last menses
term for bleeding between periods
what does dysmenorrhea mean
condition of having abnormal or painful menstrual flow
what is oligomenorrhea mean?
condition of having a light menstrual flow
what is amenorrhea
condition of having no menstrual flow
what is phimosis and would a circumcision treat it?
narrowing of the foreskin over the glans penis and yes.
procedure to fix a hidden testicle.
tip of the penis
what is the papsmear looking for?
what does BPH mean?
benign prostatic hyperplasia- noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland.
what is vasovasotomy
Surgical procedure to reconnect the vas deferens to reverse a vasectomy
congenital opening of the male urethra on the underside of the penis
what is epispadias
congenital opening of the urethra on the dorsal surface of the penis
What is Cushings disease
Set of symptoms caused by excessive levels of cortisol due to high doses of corticosteroid drugs and adrenal tumors. The syndrome may present symptoms of weakness, edema, excess hair growth, skin discoloration, and osteoporosis.
What is Graves disease?
Condition named for Irish physician Robert Graves that results in overactivity of the thyroid gland and can cause a crisis situation. Symptoms include exophthalmos and goiter. A type of hyperthyroidism.
Condition of being abnormally short in height. It may be the result of a hereditary condition or a lack of growth hormone.
Excessive development of the body due to the overproduction of the growth hormone by the pituitary gland in a child or teenager. The opposite of dwarfism.
what part of the brain is responsible for thoughts, judgement, memory, problem solving and language?
what are the layers of the brain?
dura mater, arachnoid layer, and pia mater
what is dura mater?
Meaning tough mother; it forms a tough, fibrous sac around the central nervous system
what is arachnoid layer?
Meaning spiderlike; it is a thin, delicate layer attached to the pia mater by weblike filaments
what is pia mater?
Meaning soft mother; it is the innermost membrane layer and is applied directly to the surface of the brain and spinal cord
what is aura?
Sensations, such as seeing colors or smelling an unusual odor, that occur just prior to an epileptic seizure or migraine headache.
what is transient ischemic attack?
Temporary interference with blood supply to the brain, causing neurological symptoms such as dizziness, numbness, and hemiparesis. May eventually lead to a full-blown stroke (cerebrovascular accident).
what does CVA mean?
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or stroke
what does cerebral palsy mean?
Nonprogressive brain damage resulting from a defect, trauma, or oxygen deprivation at the time of birth.
what does cerebral contusion mean?
Bruising of the brain from a blow or impact.
what is meningocele?
Congenital condition in which the meninges protrude through an opening in the vertebral column
what is meningioma?
A tumor in the meninges.
what is astrocytoma?
Tumor of the brain or spinal cord composed of astrocytes, one type of neuroglial cells.
what is subdural hematoma?
Mass of blood forming beneath the dura mater if the meninges are torn by trauma. May exert fatal pressure on the brain if the hematoma is not drained by surgery.
what is myelomeningocele?
Congenital condition in which the meninges and spinal cord protrude through an opening in the vertebral column
what is spina bifida?
Congenital anomaly occurring when a vertebra fails to fully form around the spinal cord.
what is hydrocephalus and how is it treated?
Accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain, causing the head to be enlarged. It is treated by creating an artificial shunt for the fluid to leave the brain. If left untreated, it may lead to seizures and mental retardation.
what is stapedectomy?
Removal of the stapes bone to treat otosclerosis (hardening of the bone). A pros-thesis or artificial stapes may be implanted.
what is otoscopy?
Examination of the ear canal
what is cochlear implant?
Mechanical device surgically placed under the skin behind the outer ear (pinna) that converts sound signals into magnetic impulses to stimulate the auditory nerve. Can be beneficial for those with profound sensorineural hearing loss.
what is strabismus?
Eye muscle weakness commonly seen in children resulting in the eyes looking in different directions at the same time. May be corrected with glasses, eye exercises, and/or surgery.
what is hordeolum?
Refers to a stye (or sty), a small purulent inflammatory infection of a sebaceous gland of the eyelid; treated with hot compresses and/or surgical incision.
what is otitis media?
commonly referred to as middle ear infection; seen frequently in children; often preceded by upper respiratory infection
what is anacusis?
Total absence of hearing
what are phobias?
what is excessive hormone production called
what is gynecomasia
development of breast tissue in males
what symptoms does Graves disease produce?
what is the difference between the parasympathetic and sympathetic systems?
para causes heart rate to slow, blood pressure to lower and symp stimulates body in time of crisis.
eyes turn out
eyes turn in
visual loss due to old age
normal hearing loss due to old age
white part of the eyeball
what does the pupil and iris do
regulate the amount of light entering the eye
what produces tears
what does the retina do
contains sensory receptors for sight
twice a day
3 times a day
4 times a day
scaly dry skin
what is a surgical procedure to stabilize a joint?
what is the difference between infarct and ischemia?
infarct is area of tissue that dies and ischemia is temporary difficiency of blood supply due to obstruction.
blood clot that moves
blood clot that stays put
disease affecting the blood
phlebotomy or drawing blood
looking inside the bronchi
pus in chest cavity
pus in chest cavity
fluid retained in lung tissue
blue tint to skin
black tarry stools
outpouching of the colon
is diuresis and diaphoresis the same thing?
no diuresis is producing more urine and diaphoresis is excessive sweating
state of balance in the body
scraping superficial lesions
torn or jagged wound
crack like lesion
open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane
bones in the foot
bones in the hand
abnormal curvatures of the spine
hardening of the arteries
hardening of fat
weakness in the wall of an artery resulting in the widening of the artery