medical terminology

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sarahroe
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216914
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medical terminology
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2013-05-02 03:36:15
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  1. chest
    • thorac/o
    • pect/o
    • steth/o
  2. stomach
    gastr/o
  3. ear
    • ot/o
    • aur/o
    • auricul/o
  4. eye
    • opthalm/o
    • ocul/o
    • opt/o
    • optic/o
  5. nose
    • nas/o
    • rhin/o
  6. joint
    • arthr/o
    • articul/o
  7. bone marrow
    myel/o
  8. vessel
    • angi/o
    • vas/o
  9. heart
    • cardi/o
    • coron/o
  10. red
    erythr/o
  11. white
    • leuk/o
    • albin/o
  12. blue
    cyan/o
  13. poison
    • tox/o
    • toxic/o
  14. straight or upright
    orth/o
  15. kydney
    • nephr/o
    • ren/o
  16. vagina
    • vagin/o
    • colp/o
  17. uterus
    • uter/o
    • hyster/o
    • metr/o
  18. testes
    • orchid/o
    • orch/o
    • orchi/o
    • testicul/o
  19. lung
    • pulmon/o
    • pneumon/o
    • pneum/o
  20. voice box
    laryng/o
  21. throat
    pharyng/o
  22. bladder
    • cyst/o
    • vesic/o
  23. gallbladder
    cholecyst/o
  24. liver
    hepat/o
  25. nerve
    neur/o
  26. ear drum
    • myring/o
    • tympan/o
  27. What does myco mean?
    fungus
  28. What is the term for nail?
    • onych/o
    • ungu/o
  29. What term means instrument to view inside a joint?
    arthroscope
  30. what term means to suture a muscle?
    myorrhaphy
  31. -plasty
    surgical repair
  32. -pexy
    surgically fix
  33. -ectomy
    remove
  34. -megaly
    • enlargement
    • large
  35. -scopy
    process of visually examining
  36. -rrhaphy
    suture
  37. -rrhexis
    rupture
  38. -rrhage
    abnormal flow or excessive
  39. -rrhea
    discharge
  40. -lysis
    distruction
  41. -sclerosis
    hardening
  42. -ology
    study of
  43. -derma
    skin condition
  44. -phagia
    swallow or eat
  45. -phoresis
    carrying
  46. -scope
    instrument for viewing
  47. -otomy
    cutting into
  48. -ostomy
    surgically create an opening
  49. -oma
    mass, tumor, swelling
  50. -plegia
    paralysis
  51. -paresis
    weakness
  52. -cele
    hernia, protrussion
  53. -graphy
    process of recording
  54. -opia
    vision condition
  55. -cusis
    hearing
  56. -ectasis
    dilation
  57. -algia
    pain
  58. -dynia
    pain
  59. -malacia
    abnormal softening
  60. -cyte
    cell
  61. -pnea
    breathing
  62. -ologist
    doctor
  63. -itis
    inflamation
  64. -gravida
    pregnancy
  65. -pathy
    disease
  66. -tripsy
    surgical crushing
  67. -malacia
    abnormal softening
  68. -stenosis
    narrowing
  69. -trophy
    nourishment, development
  70. -penia
    abnormal decrease, too few
  71. xer/o
    dry
  72. arthr/o
    joint
  73. my/o
    muscle
  74. myel/o
    bone marrow, spinal cord
  75. orth/o
    straight
  76. hem/o
    blood
  77. hemat/o
    blood
  78. cardi/o
    heart
  79. dys-
    abnormal, difficult, painful
  80. a-
    without
  81. an-
    without
  82. acr/o
    extremities
  83. -cyte
    cell
  84. hyper-
    excessive
  85. hypo-
    under
  86. sub-
    under
  87. presby/o
    old age
  88. brady-
    slow
  89. tachy-
    fast
  90. retro-
    backward, behind
  91. phleb/o
    vein
  92. pyr/o
    fire
  93. py/o
    pus
  94. crypt/o
    hidden
  95. super/o
    above
  96. supra-
    above
  97. para-
    abnormal, two like parts of a pair, beside, near
  98. mono-
    one
  99. hemi-
    half
  100. peri-
    around
  101. poly-
    many
  102. pseudo-
    false
  103. endo-
    within, inner
  104. olig/o
    scanty
  105. primi-
    first
  106. nulli-
    none
  107. hydr/o
    water
  108. hidr/o
    sweat
  109. rapid flow of blood
    hemorrhage
  110. hyperpnea
    excessive breathing
  111. dyspnea
    difficulty breathing
  112. eupnea
    normal breathing
  113. apnea
    not breathing
  114. hypopnea
    insufficient breathing
  115. orthopnea
    straight breathing
  116. unable to speak
    aphasia
  117. inflamed tonsils
    tonsillitis
  118. inflamed appendix
    appendicitis
  119. inflamed throat
    laryngitis
  120. stones
    lith/o
  121. gallbladder stones
    cholelithiasis
  122. kidney stones
    nephrolithiasis
  123. crush a stone
    lithotripsy
  124. digestion
    -pepsia
  125. difficult digestion
    dyspepsia
  126. kidney
    nephr/o
  127. study of the heart
    cardiology
  128. study of the kidney
    nephrology
  129. study of urine
    urology
  130. study of ears, nose, and larynx
    otorhinolaryngology
  131. study of females
    gynecology
  132. study of nerves
    neurology
  133. study of eyes
    ophthalmology
  134. audiology
    study of hearing
  135. otology
    study of the ear
  136. study of tissues
    histology
  137. planes of the body
    sagital, transverse, and frontal
  138. sagital
    divides right and left
  139. transverse
    horizontal
  140. frontal
    front and back
  141. prone
    face down
  142. supine
    face up
  143. medial
    the middle
  144. lateral
    away from the middle
  145. baldness
    alopecia
  146. itching
    pruritis
  147. prosthesis
    artificial substitute for a body part
  148. what is regurgitation?
    to flow backwards
  149. fast heartbeat
    tachycardia
  150. slow heartbeat
    bradycardia
  151. fast breathing
    tachypnea
  152. slow breathing
    bradypnea
  153. what does hemostasis mean?
    stopping the flow of blood.
  154. nosebleed
    epistaxis
  155. spitting up blood
    hemoptysis
  156. fainting
    syncope
  157. dizziness
    vertigo
  158. vomiting
    emesis
  159. hematochezia
    passing bright red blood in the stools
  160. what is it called when the intestine/colon twists on itself?
    volvulus
  161. another name for voiding
    micturition or urinating
  162. what is the term for viewing inside the abdomen?
    laparoscopy
  163. what is the term for viewing inside the bladder?
    cytoscopy
  164. what does gravida mean?
    pregnancy
  165. first pregnancy
    primigravida
  166. D&C
    dilation and curettage
  167. types of mastectomies
    radical and simple
  168. what is a radical mastectomy?
    surgical removal of the breast tissue plus chest muscles and axillary lymph nodes.
  169. what is a simple mastectomy?
    surgical removal of the breast tissue
  170. term for first menses
    menarche
  171. term for last menses
    menopause
  172. term for bleeding between periods
    menometrorrhagia
  173. what does dysmenorrhea mean
    condition of having abnormal or painful menstrual flow
  174. what is oligomenorrhea mean?
    condition of having a light menstrual flow
  175. what is amenorrhea
    condition of having no menstrual flow
  176. what is phimosis and would a circumcision treat it?
    narrowing of the foreskin over the glans penis and yes.
  177. procedure to fix a hidden testicle.
    orchidopexy
  178. hidden testicle
    cryptorchidism
  179. tip of the penis
    glans penis
  180. foreskin
    prepuce
  181. what is the papsmear looking for?
    cervical cancer
  182. what does BPH mean?
    benign prostatic hyperplasia- noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland.
  183. what is vasovasotomy
    Surgical procedure to reconnect the vas deferens to reverse a vasectomy
  184. hypospadias
    congenital opening of the male urethra on the underside of the penis
  185. what is epispadias
    congenital opening of the urethra on the dorsal surface of the penis
  186. male sterilization
    vasectomy
  187. What is Cushings disease
    Set of symptoms caused by excessive levels of cortisol due to high doses of corticosteroid drugs and adrenal tumors. The syndrome may present symptoms of weakness, edema, excess hair growth, skin discoloration, and osteoporosis.
  188. What is Graves disease?
    Condition named for Irish physician Robert Graves that results in overactivity of the thyroid gland and can cause a crisis situation. Symptoms include exophthalmos and goiter. A type of hyperthyroidism.
  189. define dwarfism.
    Condition of being abnormally short in height. It may be the result of a hereditary condition or a lack of growth hormone.
  190. define gigantism
    Excessive development of the body due to the overproduction of the growth hormone by the pituitary gland in a child or teenager. The opposite of dwarfism.
  191. what part of the brain is responsible for thoughts, judgement, memory, problem solving and language?
    cerebrum
  192. what are the layers of the brain?
    dura mater, arachnoid layer, and pia mater
  193. what is dura mater?
    Meaning tough mother; it forms a tough, fibrous sac around the central nervous system
  194. what is arachnoid layer?
    Meaning spiderlike; it is a thin, delicate layer attached to the pia mater by weblike filaments
  195. what is pia mater?
    Meaning soft mother; it is the innermost membrane layer and is applied directly to the surface of the brain and spinal cord
  196. what is aura?
    Sensations, such as seeing colors or smelling an unusual odor, that occur just prior to an epileptic seizure or migraine headache.
  197. what is transient ischemic attack?
    Temporary interference with blood supply to the brain, causing neurological symptoms such as dizziness, numbness, and hemiparesis. May eventually lead to a full-blown stroke (cerebrovascular accident).
  198. what does CVA mean?
    cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or stroke
  199. what does cerebral palsy mean?
    Nonprogressive brain damage resulting from a defect, trauma, or oxygen deprivation at the time of birth.
  200. what does cerebral contusion mean?
    Bruising of the brain from a blow or impact.
  201. what is meningocele?
    Congenital condition in which the meninges protrude through an opening in the vertebral column
  202. what is meningioma?
    A tumor in the meninges.
  203. what is astrocytoma?
    Tumor of the brain or spinal cord composed of astrocytes, one type of neuroglial cells.
  204. what is subdural hematoma?
    Mass of blood forming beneath the dura mater if the meninges are torn by trauma. May exert fatal pressure on the brain if the hematoma is not drained by surgery.
  205. what is myelomeningocele?
    Congenital condition in which the meninges and spinal cord protrude through an opening in the vertebral column
  206. what is spina bifida?
    Congenital anomaly occurring when a vertebra fails to fully form around the spinal cord.
  207. what is hydrocephalus and how is it treated?
    Accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain, causing the head to be enlarged. It is treated by creating an artificial shunt for the fluid to leave the brain. If left untreated, it may lead to seizures and mental retardation.
  208. what is stapedectomy?
    Removal of the stapes bone to treat otosclerosis (hardening of the bone). A pros-thesis or artificial stapes may be implanted.
  209. what is otoscopy?
    Examination of the ear canal
  210. what is cochlear implant?
    Mechanical device surgically placed under the skin behind the outer ear (pinna) that converts sound signals into magnetic impulses to stimulate the auditory nerve. Can be beneficial for those with profound sensorineural hearing loss.
  211. what is strabismus?
    Eye muscle weakness commonly seen in children resulting in the eyes looking in different directions at the same time. May be corrected with glasses, eye exercises, and/or surgery.
  212. what is hordeolum?
    Refers to a stye (or sty), a small purulent inflammatory infection of a sebaceous gland of the eyelid; treated with hot compresses and/or surgical incision.
  213. what is otitis media?
    commonly referred to as middle ear infection; seen frequently in children; often preceded by upper respiratory infection
  214. what is anacusis?
    Total absence of hearing
  215. what are phobias?
    Irrational fear
  216. what is excessive hormone production called
    hypersecretion
  217. what is gynecomasia
    development of breast tissue in males
  218. what symptoms does Graves disease produce?
    protruding eyeballs
  219. what is the difference between the parasympathetic and sympathetic systems?
    para causes heart rate to slow, blood pressure to lower and symp stimulates body in time of crisis.
  220. nearsightedness
    myopia
  221. fatsightedness
    hyperopia
  222. exotropia
    eyes turn out
  223. esotropia
    eyes turn in
  224. dry skin
    xeroderma
  225. dry eyes
    xeroopthalmia
  226. presbyopia
    visual loss due to old age
  227. presbycusis
    normal hearing loss due to old age
  228. white part of the eyeball
    sclera
  229. what does the pupil and iris do
    regulate the amount of light entering the eye
  230. night blindness
    nyctalopia
  231. what produces tears
    lacrimal gland
  232. what does the retina do
    contains sensory receptors for sight
  233. pink eye
    conjunctivitis
  234. BID
    twice a day
  235. TID
    3 times a day
  236. QID
    4 times a day
  237. ichthyoderma
    scaly dry skin
  238. baldness
    alopecia
  239. what is a surgical procedure to stabilize a joint?
    tenodesis
  240. what is the difference between infarct and ischemia?
    infarct is area of tissue that dies and ischemia is temporary difficiency of blood supply due to obstruction.
  241. heart attack
    myocardial infarction
  242. embolus
    blood clot that moves
  243. thrombus
    blood clot that stays put
  244. chest pain
    angina pectoris
  245. dyscrasia
    disease affecting the blood
  246. venipuncture
    phlebotomy or drawing blood
  247. bronchiscopy
    looking inside the bronchi
  248. pyothorax
    pus in chest cavity
  249. empyema
    pus in chest cavity
  250. pulmonary edema
    fluid retained in lung tissue
  251. blue tint to skin
    cyanosis
  252. melena
    black tarry stools
  253. outpouching of the colon
    diverticulum
  254. heartburn
    pyrosis
  255. is diuresis and diaphoresis the same thing?
    no diuresis is producing more urine and diaphoresis is excessive sweating
  256. homeostasis
    state of balance in the body
  257. curettage
    scraping superficial lesions
  258. laceration
    torn or jagged wound
  259. fissure
    crack like lesion
  260. ulcer
    open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane
  261. hives
    urticaria
  262. tone
    -tonia
  263. abnormal tone
    dystonia
  264. bones in the foot
    tarsals
  265. bones in the hand
    carpals
  266. abnormal curvatures of the spine
    scoliosis
  267. arteriosclerosis
    hardening of the arteries
  268. atherosclerosis
    hardening of fat
  269. aneurism
    weakness in the wall of an artery resulting in the widening of the artery
  270. phlebitis
    inflammation of the vein
  271. MI
    myocardial infarction
  272. HTN
    hypertension
  273. CHF
    congestive heart failure
  274. CABG
    coronary artery bypass graft
  275. the specialist that studies ear, nose and throat
    otorhinolaryngologist
  276. gland
    aden/o
  277. location of lymph nodes
    armpits, neck, groin, and chest
  278. volvulus
    small intestine twisted off
  279. intussusception
    small intestine telescope
  280. anuria
    no urine
  281. pyuria
    pus in urine
  282. hematuria
    blood in urine
  283. uremia
    accumulation of waste product in blood stream
  284. dysuria
    difficult or painful urination
  285. polyuria
    produce a large amount of urine
  286. oliguria
    producing to little urine
  287. extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
    ultrasound waves to break up stones
  288. mammogram
    xray record of the breast
  289. mammoplasty
    surgical repair of the breast
  290. mastalgia
    breast pain
  291. Na+
    natr/o
  292. K+
    kal/i
  293. Ca+
    calc/o
  294. edema
    excessive fluid
  295. hirsutism
    excessive hair growth over the body

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