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2013-05-01 11:28:57
Romantic Era

Dvorak, Mendelsson, Tchaikosky, Mussorgsky
Show Answers:

  1. Art Song
    A musical setting of a poem for solo voice and piano.
  2. through-composed form
    Each section of the text had music that was different from the music preceding and following.
  3. modified strophic
    A song structure that varies the regularity of the repeated melodies of strophic form by having some verses sung by a new melody.
  4. symphonic poem (tone poem)
    A single movement programmatic work, relatively long and very free in form, usually involving a dramatic plot or literary idea.
  5. polonaises & mazurkas
    A small piano piece based on the Polish dance form.
  6. character pieces
    Works portraying a single mood, emotion or idea.
  7. idee fixe
    A single reoccurring motive
  8. program symphony
    A symphony with a story line or other type of program.
  9. thematic transformation
    The practice of varying a single theme or melody through the different sections of a piece.
  10. incidental music
    Music written to accompany a play
  11. Concert Overture
    A one movement self contained orchestral concert piece, often in sonata form.
  12. piano, four hands
    Two players playing one piano at the same time
  13. bel canto
    "Beautiful song" A vocal Technique emphasizing beauty and purity of tone and agility in executing various ornamental details.
  14. Verismo
    "realism" An Italian operatic point of view favoring realistic subjects taken from everyday, often lower class, life.
  15. Music Drama
    Richard Wagners term for his Operas
  16. Leitmotifs
    "Leading Motive" A musical motive representing a particular character, object, idea, or emotional state. Used especially in Wagner's operas.
  17. Hector Berlioz
    Best known for program music. (thematic transformation) in Symphonic Fantastique.
  18. Franz Liszt
    Symphonic poem; tone poem. Innovated side Piano performance and music score memorization. (he was a virtuoso)
  19. Bedrich Smetana
    Bohemian Composer. Founder of Czech School. Created "The Moldau" (Represents course of River) He was a nationalist.
  20. Niccolo Paganini
    Italian Violinist
  21. Felix Mendelssohn
    Created Midsummer Nights Dream
  22. Johannes Brahms
    Choral Music. Famous for piano, four hands. Composed German Requiem.
  23. Antonin Dvorak
    Bohemian, prolific composer. Diverse. Had American Influence in Music.
  24. Anton Bruckner
    Austrian Composer, organist. Religious Catholic
  25. Gustan Mahler
    Austrian Conductor, Composer of Symphonies (long lyrical) Known for Nine Symphonies (2 song cycles)
  26. New Type of Opera
    Lyric Opera replaced Dialogue with recitative.
  27. Giocchino Rossini
    Italian Opera composer, Bel Canto Style. (Emphasized beauty and tone)
  28. Giuseppe Verdi
    Italian Opera Composer, (Italian tragic opera), (Similar to Richard Wagner) (Plot taken from Bible) _ Famous Opera Aida (takes place Egypt Xmas eve)
  29. Giacomo Puccini
    Italian Opera Composer (Vorismo/realism) Famous for La Boheme. Known for realistic Exotic settings.
  30. Richard Wagner
    (German) Called his operas "Music Dramas" Made Opera house with music pit. Believed art should be Universal. Developed singing speech. Used Leitmotif (melodies tied to characters, objects, ideas) (anti-semetic person)
  31. Frederic Chopin
    Born in Poland moved to France. Used mazukas, polonaises (based on Polish Dance). Best known for Piano Music.
  32. Robert Schumann
    Prolific Composer. Known for song cycles. Wife was Clara Schumann (concert pianist). He also went deaf.
  33. Romantic Era Period
  34. Characteristics of Romantic Art
    • -stressed individuality and emotion
    • -broke away from rules and conventions
    • -glorification of nature-nostalgia
    • -the macabre and the supernatural
    • -exotic influences-realism
    • -Nationalism
  35. Chromatic harmony
    A characteristic of romantic music wherein the chords used in a music piece is derived from the chromatic scale.
  36. Rubato
    A characteristic of Romantic music that helps add intensity to a music piece by means of moving forward or holding back tempo.