A musical setting of a poem for solo voice and piano.
Each section of the text had music that was different from the music preceding and following.
A song structure that varies the regularity of the repeated melodies of strophic form by having some verses sung by a new melody.
symphonic poem (tone poem)
A single movement programmatic work, relatively long and very free in form, usually involving a dramatic plot or literary idea.
polonaises & mazurkas
A small piano piece based on the Polish dance form.
Works portraying a single mood, emotion or idea.
A single reoccurring motive
A symphony with a story line or other type of program.
The practice of varying a single theme or melody through the different sections of a piece.
Music written to accompany a play
A one movement self contained orchestral concert piece, often in sonata form.
piano, four hands
Two players playing one piano at the same time
"Beautiful song" A vocal Technique emphasizing beauty and purity of tone and agility in executing various ornamental details.
"realism" An Italian operatic point of view favoring realistic subjects taken from everyday, often lower class, life.
Richard Wagners term for his Operas
"Leading Motive" A musical motive representing a particular character, object, idea, or emotional state. Used especially in Wagner's operas.
Best known for program music. (thematic transformation) in Symphonic Fantastique.
Symphonic poem; tone poem. Innovated side Piano performance and music score memorization. (he was a virtuoso)
Bohemian Composer. Founder of Czech School. Created "The Moldau" (Represents course of River) He was a nationalist.
Created Midsummer Nights Dream
Choral Music. Famous for piano, four hands. Composed German Requiem.
Bohemian, prolific composer. Diverse. Had American Influence in Music.
Austrian Composer, organist. Religious Catholic
Austrian Conductor, Composer of Symphonies (long lyrical) Known for Nine Symphonies (2 song cycles)
New Type of Opera
Lyric Opera replaced Dialogue with recitative.
Italian Opera composer, Bel Canto Style. (Emphasized beauty and tone)
Italian Opera Composer, (Italian tragic opera), (Similar to Richard Wagner) (Plot taken from Bible) _ Famous Opera Aida (takes place Egypt Xmas eve)
Italian Opera Composer (Vorismo/realism) Famous for La Boheme. Known for realistic Exotic settings.
(German) Called his operas "Music Dramas" Made Opera house with music pit. Believed art should be Universal. Developed singing speech. Used Leitmotif (melodies tied to characters, objects, ideas) (anti-semetic person)
Born in Poland moved to France. Used mazukas, polonaises (based on Polish Dance). Best known for Piano Music.
Prolific Composer. Known for song cycles. Wife was Clara Schumann (concert pianist). He also went deaf.
Romantic Era Period
Characteristics of Romantic Art
-stressed individuality and emotion
-broke away from rules and conventions
-glorification of nature-nostalgia
-the macabre and the supernatural
A characteristic of romantic music wherein the chords used in a music piece is derived from the chromatic scale.
A characteristic of Romantic music that helps add intensity to a music piece by means of moving forward or holding back tempo.