The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards.
the term saccharide is equivalent to what?
the term glyceride is equivalent to what?
fats and oils
amylase acts on what?
lipase acts on what?
triglycerides (fats and oils)
exocrine glands secrete into what?
secretion of mucous, parietal and chief cells form what?
what two products do parietal cells produce?
pepsin enzyme break-down proteins into what?
pancreatic islets secrete which hormones?
glucagon, insulin, somatostatin and pancreatic peptides
surface mucous cells,
mucous neck cells,
chief cells and
all 5 are part of which mucosa layer?
all 4 are all part of which mucosa layer?
parietal cells found in the stomach secrete what?
HCL and intrinsic factors
why do we need intrinsic factors?
to absorb vitamin B12
why do we need HCL?
1-to kill microbes
3-convert pepsinogen into pepsin
chief cells found in stomach secrete what?
pepsinogen and gastric lipase
why do we need pepsinogen?
to break down proteins into peptides
why do we need gastric lipase?
to break down triglycerides into fatty acids and monoglycerides
G-Cells of the stomach secrete what?
the hormone gastrin
what happens in the stomach when gastrin is released?
1-parietal cells secrete HCL
2-chief cells secrete pepsinogen
3-esophageal sphincter contracts
4-motility of stomach increases
5-pyloric sphincter relaxes
true or false
pancreatic amylase, trypsin, chymotrypsin, elastase, carboxypeptidase, pancreatic lipase, nuclease, ribonuclease and deoxyribonuclease are all pancreatic enzyme?
pancreatic amylase converts starches and carbs into what?
trypsin, chymotrypsin and elastase converts proteins into what?