more than you need to know but it will help you pass. some dirgrams are included.
An egg that can be laid on land due to the presence of a fluid-filled amniotic sac that cushions and protects the developing embryo.Any of a group of land-dwelling vertebrates that have an amnion during embryonic development, including reptiles, birds, and mammals.
land animal that breeds in water: a cold-blooded vertebrate that spends some time on land but must breed and develop into an adult in water. Frogs, salamanders, and toads are amphibians.
class of vertebrates comprising the birds
flowering plant: a plant in which the sex organs are within flowers and the seeds are in a fruit.
embryos) pertaining to or toward the head or forward end of the body. (
the female reproductive organ of mosses, ferns, liverworts, and most gymnosperms. It contains a single egg cell.
A phylum in the kingdom Fungi, representing the largest of the major groups of fungi
An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy
large phyla within the kingdom Fungi.include these groups: mushrooms, puffballs, smuts, rusts, mirror yeasts, and the human pathogenic yeast.
various rod-shaped bacteria often occur in chains. the causative agent of anthrax
biological production of chemical substances: the synthesis of chemical substances as the result of biological activity
nonvascular plants , including the mosses, liverworts, and hornworts.
development of head
Any of various marine such as the octopus, squid
phylum of protozoa in the kingdom Protista, comprising the ciliates
a spherical or nearly spherical type of bacterium
visible cluster of bacteria growing on the surface of or within a solid medium
the relationship between organisms in which one derives food or other benefits from the association while the other remains unharmed and unaffected
The temporary union of two bacterial cells during which one cell transfers part or all of its genome to the other. A process of sexual reproduction in certain algae and fungi in which temporary or permanent fusion occurs, resulting in the union of the male and female gametes. process of sexual reproduction in which ciliate protozoans of the same species temporarily couple and exchange genetic material.
was an American biologist who contributed to the theory of biological kingdoms. He was responsible for the fourth kingdom, Monera
He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors.and proposed the scientific theory On the Origin of Species
phylum name for fungi in which sexual reproduction is apparently absent.example, Penicillium
French scientist proposed the mutation theory
of or on back: relating to or situated on the back of the body
an organism that regulates its body temperature largely by exchanging heat with its surroundings
flesh-eating animal: an animal that eats other animals
number of animals land supports: the number of animals a region can support
cartilaginous fishes; example: shark
maintaining a constant body temperature despite changes in the temperature of the environment
a cell type that contains specialized organelles in the cytoplasm, a membrane-bound nucleus enclosing genetic material organized into chromosomes. NOT EUKARYOTIC: bacteria, blue-green algae,
the coiled frond of a young fern
A form of asexual reproduction wherein a parent organism breaks into fragments, each capable of growing independently into a new organism.
feeding hierarchy in which organisms in an ecosystem are grouped into trophic levels and are shown in a succession to represent the flow of food energy and the feeding relationships between them.
A food web is many food chains linked together to show a more accurate model of all possible feeding relationships of organisms in an ecosystem.
phase producing male and female cells: in the life cycle of organisms such as mosses, fungi, and algae which have two distinct alternating forms, the form in which sex organs and gametes are produced
stomach footed. Examples: snails and slugs
blue-green algae. kingdome Bacteria
slime molds; organisms having a noncellular and multinucleate creeping vegetative phase and a propagative spore-producing stage:
woody cone-bearing plant: a woody vascular plant in which the ovules are carried naked on the scales of a cone, e.g. a conifer
jawless fish. an example of an Agnatha.
organism that has both sexes: a plant or animal that has both male and female reproductive organs and secondary sexual characteristics
the enlarged nitrogen-fixing cells occurring along the filaments in some blue-green algae.
An organism that is infected with or is fed upon by a parasitic or pathogenic organism; For example: a virus, nematode, fungus
a long, branching filamentous structure of a fungus
an organism requiring organic compounds for its principal source of food
a French biologist, proposed 3 theories:
1) theory of need
2) theory of use and disuse
3) theory of inheriteace of acquired traits
at side: relating to, located at, or affecting the side
organism consisting of fungi and algae growing together in symbiosis
Founder of Deductive Reasoning
Founder of Inductive Reasoning
devised the 2 part name we used today
destructive disruption of cells.(cell gos pop)
is one of two methods of viral reproduction
one of the two cycles of viral reproduction that results in the destruction of the infected cell and its membrane.
relationship between two organisms of different species that benefits both and harms neither.
main part of fungus: a loose network of the delicate filaments hyphae that form the body of a fungus, consisting of the feeding and reproducing hyphae
study of fungi
symbiotic relationship between fungus and plant mutually beneficial association of a fungus and the roots of a plant such as a conifer or an orchid, in which the plant's mineral absorption is enhanced and the fungus obtains nutrients
Soft bodied invertervbrates.
egg-laying mammal: a mammal such as the duck-billed platypus
animal that eats anything
any of various algaelike fungi constituting the phylum Oomycota of the kingdom Fung
It is commonly found in watering-troughs Filaments in the colonies
organism living on another: a plant or animal that lives on or in another, usually larger, host organism in a way that harms its host
French chemist who founded modern microbiology. developed vaccines for anthrax, rabies, and chicken cholera.
called bony fish. Example: catfish
The occurrence of two or more structural forms during a life cycle
behind: situated at the rear or behind something
mammals having a placenta
Explains how an event occure
simple organism without nucleus: an organism whose DNA is not contained within a nucleus, e.g. a bacterium
phage genome inserted and integrated into the circular bacterial DNA chromosome or existing as an extrachromosomal plasmid
reproductive part of fern
thread-like chain of cells that forms the earliest stage (the haploid phase) of a bryophyte life cycle When a moss first grows
a single-celled organism that can move and feeds on organic compounds of nitrogen and carbon, e.g. an amoeba
containing all the vascular plants that do not bear seeds
yellowish-green to golden-brown algae
any of various specific protein molecules in surface membranes of cells and organelles to which complementary molecules, as hormones, neurotransmitters, antigens, or antibodies, may become bound.
virus whose genetic information is contained in RNA rather than DNA.
a class of Protozoa,
any organism that lives on dead organic matter, as certain fungi and bacteria.
the structure of the body of an organism such as a worm or centipede that consists of a linear series of similar subunits