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2013-05-01 14:26:02

more than you need to know but it will help you pass. some dirgrams are included.
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  1. Amniotic egg
    An egg that can be laid on land due to the presence of a fluid-filled amniotic sac that cushions and protects the developing embryo.Any of a group of land-dwelling vertebrates that have an amnion during embryonic development, including reptiles, birds, and mammals.
  2. Amphibia
    land animal that breeds in water: a cold-blooded vertebrate that spends some time on land but must breed and develop into an adult in water. Frogs, salamanders, and toads are amphibians.
  3. Aves
    class of vertebrates comprising the birds
  4. Angiosperm
    flowering plant: a plant in which the sex organs are within flowers and the seeds are in a fruit.
  5. Anterior
    embryos) pertaining to or toward the head or forward end of the body. (
  6. Archegonium 
    the female reproductive organ of mosses, ferns, liverworts, and most gymnosperms. It contains a single egg cell.
  7. Ascomycota   
    A phylum in the kingdom Fungi, representing the largest of the major groups of fungi
  8. Autotrophes
    An organism capable of synthesizing its own food from inorganic substances, using light or chemical energy
  9. Basidiomycota
    large phyla within the kingdom Fungi.include these groups: mushrooms, puffballs,  smuts, rusts, mirror yeasts, and the human pathogenic yeast.
  10. Bacilli 
    various rod-shaped bacteria often occur in chains. the causative agent of anthrax
  11. Biosynthesis
    biological production of chemical substances: the synthesis of chemical substances as the result of biological activity
  12. Bryophyte
    nonvascular plants , including the mosses, liverworts, and hornworts.
  13. Cephalization   
    development of head
  14. Cephalopoda
    Any of various marine such as the octopus, squid
  15. Cilliophora
    phylum of protozoa in the kingdom Protista, comprising the ciliates
  16. Cocci  
      a spherical or nearly spherical type of bacterium
  17. Colony
     visible cluster of bacteria growing on the surface of or within a solid medium
  18. Commensalism
    the relationship between organisms in which one derives food or other benefits from the association while the other remains unharmed and unaffected
  19. Coniferophyta
    cone-bearing gymnosperms
  20. Conjugation
    The temporary union of two bacterial cells during which one cell transfers part or all of its genome to the other. A process of sexual reproduction in certain algae and fungi in which temporary or permanent fusion occurs, resulting in the union of the male and female gametes. process of sexual reproduction in which ciliate protozoans of the same species temporarily couple and exchange genetic material.
  21. Copeland
    was an American biologist who contributed to the theory of biological kingdoms. He was responsible for the fourth kingdom, Monera
  22. Darwin
    He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors.and proposed the scientific theory  On the Origin of Species
  23. Deuteromycota
    phylum name for fungi in which sexual reproduction is apparently absent.example, Penicillium
  24. Devries
    French scientist proposed the mutation theory
  25. Dorsal 
    of or on back: relating to or situated on the back of the body
  26. Ectothermic
    an organism that regulates its body temperature largely by exchanging heat with its surroundings
  27. Carnivores
    flesh-eating animal: an animal that eats other animals
  28. Carrying capacity
    number of animals land supports: the number of animals a region can support
  29. Chondricthyes
  30. cartilaginous fishes; example: shark
  31. Endothermic
    maintaining a constant body temperature despite changes in the temperature of the environment
  32. Eukaryotic
     a cell type that contains specialized organelles in the cytoplasm, a membrane-bound nucleus enclosing genetic material organized into chromosomes. NOT EUKARYOTIC: bacteria, blue-green algae,
  33. Fiddle Head
    the coiled frond of a young fern
  34. Fragmentation   
    A form of asexual reproduction wherein a parent organism breaks into fragments, each capable of growing independently into a new organism.
  35. Food chain
    feeding hierarchy in which organisms in an ecosystem are grouped into trophic levels and are shown in a succession to represent the flow of food energy and the feeding relationships between them.
  36. Food web
    A food web is many food chains linked together to show a more accurate model of all possible feeding relationships of organisms in an ecosystem.
  37. Gametophyte
    phase producing male and female cells: in the life cycle of organisms such as mosses, fungi, and algae which have two distinct alternating forms, the form in which sex organs and gametes are produced
  38. Gastropoda
    stomach footed. Examples: snails and slugs
  39. Gloeocapsa
     blue-green algae. kingdome Bacteria
  40. Gymnomycota
    slime molds; organisms having a noncellular and multinucleate creeping vegetative phase and a propagative spore-producing stage:
  41. Gymnosperm
    woody cone-bearing plant: a woody vascular plant in which the ovules are carried naked on the scales of a cone, e.g. a conifer
  42. Hagfish
    jawless fish. an example of an Agnatha.
  43. Hermaphroditic
    organism that has both sexes: a plant or animal that has both male and female reproductive organs and secondary sexual characteristics
  44. Heterocysts
    the enlarged nitrogen-fixing cells occurring along the filaments in some blue-green algae.
  45. Host   
    An organism that is infected with or is fed upon by a parasitic or pathogenic organism; For example: a virus, nematode, fungus
  46. Hyphae
    a long, branching filamentous structure of a fungus
  47. Heterotrophs  
    an organism requiring organic compounds for its principal source of food
  48. Lamarack
    • a French biologist, proposed 3 theories:
    • 1) theory of need
    • 2) theory of use and disuse
    • 3) theory of inheriteace of acquired traits
  49. Lateral
    at side: relating to, located at, or affecting the side
  50. Lichen
    organism consisting of fungi and algae growing together in symbiosis
  51. Dutchman Huygens
    Founder of Deductive Reasoning
  52. Isaac Newton
    Founder of Inductive Reasoning
  53. Linnaeus
    devised the 2 part name we used today
  54. Lysis
    destructive disruption of cells.(cell gos pop)
  55. lysogenic cycle
    is one of two methods of viral reproduction
  56. Lytic
    one of the two cycles of viral reproduction that results in the destruction of the infected cell and its membrane.
  57. Mutualism
    relationship between two organisms of different species that benefits both and harms neither.
  58. Mycelium
    main part of fungus: a loose network of the delicate filaments hyphae that form the body of a fungus, consisting of the feeding and reproducing hyphae
  59. Mycology
    study of fungi
  60. Mycorrhiza
    symbiotic relationship between fungus and plant mutually beneficial association of a fungus and the roots of a plant such as a conifer or an orchid, in which the plant's mineral absorption is enhanced and the fungus obtains nutrients
  61. Molluska
    Soft bodied invertervbrates.
  62. Monotremes
    egg-laying mammal: a mammal such as the duck-billed platypus
  63. Omnivores      
    animal that eats anything
  64. Oomycota
    any of various algaelike fungi constituting the phylum Oomycota of the kingdom Fung
  65. Oscillatoria
    It is commonly found in watering-troughs Filaments in the colonies
  66. Parasite
    organism living on another: a plant or animal that lives on or in another, usually larger, host organism in a way that harms its host
  67. Pasteur           
    French chemist who founded modern microbiology. developed vaccines for anthrax, rabies, and chicken cholera.
  68. Osteichthyes  
    called bony fish. Example: catfish
  69. Pleumorphic     
    The occurrence of two or more structural forms during a life cycle
  70. Posterior
    behind: situated at the rear or behind something
  71. Placental
    mammals having a placenta
  72. Principle
    Explains how an event occure
  73. Prokaryotic
    simple organism without nucleus: an organism whose DNA is not contained within a nucleus, e.g. a bacterium
  74. Prophage
    phage  genome inserted and integrated into the circular bacterial DNA chromosome or existing as an extrachromosomal plasmid
  75. Prothallus
    reproductive part of fern
  76. Protomema
     thread-like chain of cells that forms the earliest stage (the haploid phase) of a bryophyte life cycle When a moss first grows
  77. Protozoa
     a single-celled organism that can move and feeds on organic compounds of nitrogen and carbon, e.g. an amoeba
  78. Pteridophyta 
    containing all the vascular plants that do not bear seeds
  79. Pyrrophyta
    yellowish-green to golden-brown algae
  80. receptor
    any of various specific protein molecules in surface membranes of cells and organelles to which complementary molecules, as hormones, neurotransmitters, antigens, or antibodies, may become bound.
  81. Retrovirus
     virus whose genetic information is contained in RNA rather than DNA.
  82. Rhizopoda
    a class of Protozoa,
  83. Saprophytes
    any organism that lives on dead organic matter, as certain fungi and bacteria.
  84. Segmentation
    the structure of the body of an organism such as a worm or centipede that consists of a linear series of similar subunits