AHRS Final

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iflashelp
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216995
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AHRS Final
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2013-05-01 12:45:50
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ARSH 120 Final Exam
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Final Exam: Spring 2013
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  1. The Macy Jug, Islamic glazed, painted and incised fritware
    • Creation Year: 1215/1216
    • Medium: ceramic
    • Culture: Islamic
    • Country: Iran
    • Owner: Snyder, Janet
  2. What is fritware?
    a type of pottery in which frit is added to clay to reduce its fusion temperature. It is glazed several times including an over-glaze
  3. What is lusterware?
    Ceramic articles with an iridescent metallic glaze.
  4. Imam's Mosque/ Tile Mosaic Mihrab
    • Creation Year: 1354 CE
    • Medium: Mosaic
    • Culture: Iranian
    • Period: 14th Century
    • Worktype: Architecture
    • Country: Iran
    • Site: Esfahan
  5. Who was Timur?
    Founder of the Timurid Empire and a Mongol descendent. an interpretive artist
  6. What is a Keel Arch?
    a pointed arch having an S-shape on both sides
  7. What scripts are used in the Imams Mosque?
    Cursive and Kufic
  8. What do the scripts state and where are the sayings located?
    the cursive contains verses that describe the duties id believers and the five pillars of Islam. its located on the outer side. The Kufic inscription contains sayings of the prophet and is located in the framing of the niche's pointed arch. in the center there is both cursive and Kufic writing: "The mosque is the house of every pious person"
  9. Arabic Medical Manuscript page
    • Creation Year: 1199
    • Medium: manuscript
    • Culture: Islamic
    • Country: Iraq
    • Owner: Snyder, Janet
  10. What is the subject of the Arabic Medical Manu.?
    a medical treatise
  11. What Scripts are used in the medical manuscript?
    Kufic and Naskhi script
  12. What is Naskhi script?
    said to have been revealed and taught to scribes in a vision. can be written horizontally and verticlally
  13. Illuminated Turga of Sultan Suleyman
    • Creation Year: 1555-1560 CE
    • Medium: ink, paint, and gold on paper
    • Culture: Turkish
    • Period: 16th Century
    • Worktype: Painting
    • Country: Turkey
    • Site: Istanbul
  14. What is a tugra?
    the design of imperial ciphers
  15. What is a firman?
    a document where the Tugra was initially found
  16. What are the aesthetic characteristics of a tugra?
    One stroke makes up this calicraftic script which can be blue or black. it is the image of power and was placed on coins, ceilings, buildings, and documents
  17. Bowl with Kufic Border
    • Creation Year: 800-999 CE
    • Medium: earthenware with slip, pigment Culture: Uzbek
    • Period: 9th Century
    • Worktype: Minor Arts
    • Country: Uzbekistan
    • Site: Samarkand
  18. What type of ceramic is this work meant to immulate? The Bowl
    Meant to immolate precious metal
  19. What is the saying in translation? The Bowl
    "Knowledge: the beginning of it is bitter to the taste, but the end is sweeter than honey"
  20. Saint-Josse shroud, overall view of larger of 2 fragments
    • Creation Year: Before 961 CE
    • Medium: samite silk
    • Period: Samanid
    • Worktype: Textiles
  21. Leaf from a Qur'an Manuscript
    • Medium: Ink, colors and gold on vellum Culture: Syrian
    • Period: Abbasid
    • Worktype: Painting
  22. Who was Aymery Picaud?
    A priest who wrote a guide book which included how traveling accommodations would be, where fresh water could be found, and said that there were four dominant routes. Also told where relics (St. James) could be found
  23. Bayeux Tapestry, Battle of Hastings
    • Creation Year: 1070-1080 CE
    • Medium: embroidered wool on linen
    • Culture: French
    • Period: 11th Century
    • Worktype: Tapestry
    • Country: France
  24. Who was William? B. Tapestry
    Ruler of Normandy
  25. What is the size of this work?B. Tapestry
    28". 231" total
  26. Abbey Church of Sainte Foy
    • Creation Year: 1050-1140 CE
    • Culture: French
    • Period: 11th Century
    • Worktype: Architecture
    • Country: France
    • Site: Conques
  27. Conques, tympanum
    • Medium: limestone and polychromy
    • Culture: French
    • Worktype: Sculpture
    • Country: France
    • Site: Conques
  28. What is represented here? Tympanum
    the last judgement
  29. the last judgment tympanum
    the almond shape around Christ is a mandolra. those to the right of Christ are going to Heaven, are shown in a church, and those to the left are going to hell, feed to a monster. On the Heaven side St. Peter is shown and Christ is shown welcoming those
  30. Autun Cathedral of St Lazare, west central portal tympanum: LastJudgment
    • Creator: Gislebertus
    • Creation Year: 1125-1135 CE
    • Culture: French
    • Period: 12th Century
    • Worktype: Architecture
    • Country: France
    • Site: Autun
  31. Who was Gislebertus?
    the author of the Autun Cathedral
  32. How does the scholarship of Linda Seidal reveal Gislebertus' identity?
    She believes Gislebertus was a patron who financed this work
  33. Cathedral of St Lazare Eve North transept lintel
    • Creation Year: 1130 CE
    • Culture: French
    • Period: 12th Century
    • Worktype: Architecture
    • Country: France
    • Site: Autun
  34. Sainte Foy reliquary
    • Creation Year: 1050-1140 CE
    • Medium: gold with filigree and precious stones over wood
    • Culture: French
    • Period: 11th Century
    • Worktype: Sculpture
    • Country: France
  35. Virgin and Child of Jeanne d'Evreux
    • Creation Year: 1324-1339
    • Medium: silver-gilt and enamel
    • Culture: French
    • Period: 14th Century
    • Worktype: Sculpture
    • Country: France
    • Site: Paris
  36. Who was Jeane d'Evreux?
    the queen. she donates the work of the virgin and child to the church of St. Denis
  37. What is the hip-shot position?
    s curve
  38. marianism
    the importance of the virgin Mary
  39. What is the significance of the Abbey Church of S. Denis in terms of the development of the Gothic Style and historically for France?
    St. Denis educated the French. there is heavy but graceful drapery and the figure is silver dipped in gold
  40. What is an archivolt?
    A band of molding, resembling an architrave, around the lower curve of an arch. The lower curve itself.
  41. What is a trumeau?
    A section of wall or a pillar between two openings, esp. a pillar dividing a large doorway in a church. Center pier
  42. What is a trumeau figure?
    Statue decorating a trumeau. Usually this was a human figure, very often a religious personage..
  43. Chartres Cathedral west facade
    • Creation Year: 1194-1260 CE
    • Culture: French
    • Period: 12th Century
    • Worktype: Architecture
    • Country: France
    • Site: Chartres
    • Dedicated to Virgin Mary
  44. What is the flying buttress?
    complex vaulting from within. No lantern tower, light comes in through stained glass windows. Triforms allow walls to open up
  45. Whatdoes the chronology of the two towers tell us about Gothic Architecture?
    Since the towers don't match it is known that the building of this structure was a multi-generation effort
  46. What are the features of a gothic church?
    • 1) The pointed or ogival arch
    • 2) The ribbed vault
    • 3) The flying buttress
    • 4) Stained Glass
    • 5) Darker
  47. Chartres Cathedral first window in the aisle of the choir, southside: Notre Dame de la Belle
    • Creation Year: 1200 CE
    • Medium: stained glass
    • Culture: French
    • Period: 13th Century
    • Worktype: Architecture
    • Country: France
    • Site: Chartre
  48. Chartres Cathedral first window in the aisle of the choir, southside: Notre Dame de la Belle
    Flamboyant style. Heavenly Jerusalem and the Dove are present. The window is held together by lead. Pot meat glass: Heat changes the color of glass. Hard to see through. Flashed glass: a blend with pot metal glass that you can see through
  49. Enthroned Madonna & Child
    • Creator: Cimabue
    • Creation Year: 1280 CE
    • Culture: Italian
    • Period: 13th Century
    • Worktype: Painting
    • Country: Italy
    • Site: Florence
  50. Enthroned Madonna & Child
    Made of tempera gold and wood. Tempera is egg yolk and pigment. the surface is guilded
  51. How does Enthroned Madonna and Child demonstrate a Byzantine influence in terms of its methodology and imagery?
    It makes use of pattern books- the features look similar. there is hieratic scale. prophets are shown and although they are appear slightly different, their features are the same. The old testament scrolls are shown. Christ has a child's body but the features of a grown man. Some say Christ never was a child because he already knew his purpose.
  52. Arena Chapel, Lamentation, fresco
    • Creator: Giotto
    • Creation Year: 1303-1305 CE
    • Medium: fresco
    • Culture: Italian
    • Period: 14th Century
    • Worktype: Painting
    • Country: Italy
  53. who is St. Thomas Aquinas?
    Wrote summa theologia. Scholasticism is the Greek writing of Aristotle which was very detailed, analytical themed, and deep in though with metaphors. (1267-73). Aristotle puts the important aspects of the bible rules combined and organizes it into a book
  54. who is st fancis of Asslsi 13th cent?
    Dual nature of Christ. Physical and spiritual nature. He preaches the dual nature of Christ in the centers of urban life and argues that the best nature is physical nature because you are on a physical level with Christ
  55. Who is G. Vascari?
    Writer of the Renaissance (1400's). Writes Lives (1550) a book about the greatest arts and architecture. Begins his Lives with Giotto
  56. The Lamentation Fresco
    Apocrypha tells the life of Virgin Marry and Marianism celebrates Mary. Pieta shows the suffering and tells emotion.(ig. Jesus' dead body in his mothers arms is pieta)
  57. The Lamentation Fresco
    This is in relative scale. It is a scene of mourners (a funeral in modern day) with individual emotions, no longer using a pattern book. Mathew is shown in this work :freaking out" over the death of Jesus. This work is not in the typical guilded background but has a blue sky and is on the earth not the heavens
  58. The Lamentation Fresco
    This work has an asymmetrical focal point which gives a sense of familiarity as if the viewer were actually there over seeing. The notion of Trinity appears as an objectively inaccurate way. Grisaille is also shown, appears to be marble but isn't. Instead it is realistic painting which is a representation of mosaic and concrete work.
  59. The Lamentation Fresco
    Enrique S makes Giotti paint this fresco because he was guilty of a crime, usiry-lending money and charging interest was considered a sin. Enrique is the patron and of the good side, heavenly side, Enrique is painted before God presenting the church to him.
  60. The Lamentation Fresco
    The angels wings resemble dove wings which in the holy spirit. A deciduous tree is shown in the background and it appears dead but will come back to life in the spring. Which compares to Jesus' resurrection process. This refers back to Aristotle's writings.

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