Musculoskeletal System Anatomic Terms Related to Joints and Muscles

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Author:
misd368
ID:
217015
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Musculoskeletal System Anatomic Terms Related to Joints and Muscles
Updated:
2013-05-01 11:53:00
Tags:
musculo skeletal system medical terminology anatomic terms related joints muscles
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Description:
Medical Terminology chapter 4
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  1. articulation
    a joint; the point where two bones come together
  2. bursa
    a fibrous sac between certain tendons and bones that is lined with a synovial membrane that secretes synovial fluid
  3. disk
    disc
    a flat, plate-like structure composed of fibrocartilaginous tissue between the vertebrae that reduces friction
  4. nucleus pulposus
    the soft, fibrocartilaginous, central portion of intervertebral disk
  5. ligament
    a flexible band of fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone
  6. synovial membrane
    membrane lining the capsule of a joint
  7. synovial fluid
    joint-lubricating fluid secreted by the synovial membrane
  8. muscle
    tissue composed of fibers that can contract, causing movement of an organ or part of the body
  9. striated muscle
    skeletal muscle
    voluntary muscle attached to the skeleton
  10. smooth muscle
    involuntary muscle found in internal organs
  11. cardiac muscle
    muscle of the heart
  12. origin of a muscle
    muscle end attached to the bone that does not move when the muscle contracts
  13. insertion of a muscle
    muscle end attached to the bone that moves when the muscle contracts
  14. tendon
    a band of fibrous tissue that connects muscle to bone
  15. fascia
    a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supports, and separates muscle

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