BIO Antibiotics

Card Set Information

Author:
elevatedsound7
ID:
217017
Filename:
BIO Antibiotics
Updated:
2013-05-07 07:25:29
Tags:
BIO Antibiotics
Folders:

Description:
BIO Antibiotics
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user elevatedsound7 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Chemotheraputic drug =
    any chemical used in the treatment, relief or proohylaxis of disease
  2. prophylaxis =
    use of drug to prevent infection
  3. antimicrobial =
    all-inclusive term for any anitmicrobial drug, regardless of its orgin
  4. antibiotic
    sunbtances made bu other microbes to kill microbes
  5. Possible Adverse Reactions =
    • toxicity
    • allergies
    • disruptions of normal flora
  6. Kirby-Bauer
    technique for antibiotic sensitivity
  7. E-test strips =
    • METHOD OF CHOICE FOR MIC
    • drug gradient 
    • read where the zone touches the strip
  8. Tube Dilution Assay =
    titer ----> MIC
  9. Therapeutic Index =
    What is the best drug to use - lowest risk of side effect VS highest probablity of killing pathogen
  10. higher therapeutic index =
    HIGHER T.I is better
  11. cell wall inhibitors =
    Beta Lactam ring =
    • block sythesis and repair
    • PCN
    • cephalosporins
    • carbapenems
    • Vancomycin
    • Bacitracin
  12. 5 target regions of antibiotics
    • cell wall inhibitors
    • cell membrane
    • DNA/RNA
    • Protein Sythesis (inhibits ribosomes)
    • Folic Acid Sythesis
  13. antibiotic ointments contain
    • Polymyxin
    • Neomycin
    • Bacitracin
  14. DNA Replication antibiotic =
    • Ciprofloxacin - used in the 2001 anthrax attack
    • Quinadine
  15. Cipro and Quinadine affects what
    DNA Replication
  16. Rifampin affects what
    • Transcription of RNA
    • useful against tuberculosis
  17. Aminoglycosides affect
    protein synthesis
  18. Sulfa drugs affect
    block folic acid
  19. Nystatin is a
    Anti-fungal drug
  20. Amphotercin B =
    Anti-fungal Drug
  21. Griseofulvin is a
    • Anti-fungal drug
    • used against ringworms
  22. anti-viral drug =
    Acyclovir
  23. Antibacterial =
    against bacteris
  24. Antimalarial =
    against malaria
  25. Antiparasitic =
    against helminths and protists
  26. antihelmetic =
    against helminths
  27. antifungal =
    against fungus and yeast
  28. antiviral =
    against viruses
  29. anitbiotic means what
    against life
  30. two main strategies employed by microbes to resist antibiotics =
    • prevent access of the drug to the target site
    • alter the nature of the target site
  31. how do you prevent drug resistance =
    • limit drug use
    • proper drug use
    • narrow range antibiotics
    • multiple drug treatments

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview