Musculoskeletal System Diagnostic Tests and Procedures

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Musculoskeletal System Diagnostic Tests and Procedures
2013-05-01 13:02:24
musculo skeletal system medical terminology diagnostic tests procedures

Medical Terminology chapter 4
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  1. electromyogram (EMG)
    a neurodiagnostic, graphic record of the electrical activity of muscle both at rest and during contraction; used to diagnose neuromusculoskeletal disorders (e.g., muscular dystrophy); usually performed by a neurologist
  2. magnetic resonance imagining (MRI)
    a nonionizing (no x-ray) imagining technique using magnetic fields and radiofrequency waves to visualize anatomic structures; useful in orthopedic studies to detect joint, tendon, and vertebral disk disorders
  3. nuclear medicine imagining
    radionuclide organ imagining
    an ionizing imagining technique using radioactive isotopes
  4. bone scan
    a nuclear scan (radionuclide image) of bone tissue to detect a tumor, malignancy, etc.
  5. radiography
    an imagining modality using x-rays (ionizing radiation); commonly used in orthopedics to visualize the extremities, ribs, back, shoulders, and joints
  6. arthrogram
    a radiograph of a joint taken after the injection of a contrast medium
  7. computed tomography (CT)
    computed axial tomography (CAT)
    a specialized x-ray procedure producing a series of cross-sectional images that are processed by a computer into a two-dimensional or three-dimensional image
  8. sonography
    ultrasound imaging; a nonionizing technique that is useful in orthopedics to visualize muscles, ligaments, displacements, and dislocations or to guide a therapeutic intervention, such as that performed during arthroscopy