Musculoskeletal System Therapeutic Terms

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Musculoskeletal System Therapeutic Terms
2013-05-01 13:20:42
musculo skeletal system medical terminology therapeutic terms

Medical Terminology chapter 4
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  1. closed reduction, external fixation of a fracture
    external manipulation of a fracture to regain alignment along with application of an external device to protect and hold the bone in place while healing
  2. casting
    use of a stiff, solid dressing around a limb or other body part to immobilize it during healing
  3. splinting
    use of a rigid device to immobilize or restrain a broken bone or injury body part; provides less support than a cast, but can be adjusted more easily to accommodate swelling from an injury
  4. traction (Tx)
    application of a pulling force to a fractured bone or dislocated joint to maintain proper position during healing
  5. closed reduction, percutaneous fixation of a fracture
    external manipulation of a fracture to regain alignment, followed by insertion of one or more pins through the skin to maintain position; often includes use of an external device called a fixator to keep the fracture immobilized during healing
  6. orthosis
    use of an orthopedic appliance to maintain a bone's position or to provide limb support (e.g.m back, knee, or wrist brace)
  7. physical therapy (PT)
    treatment to rehabilitate patients disabled by illness or injury; involves many different modalities (methods), such as exercise, hydrotherapy, diathermy, and ultrasound
  8. prosthesis
    an artificial replacement for a missing body part or a device used to improve a body function, such as an artificial limb, hip, or joint
  9. analgesic
    a drug that relieves pain
  10. narcotic
    a potent analgesic with addictive properties
  11. antiinflammatory
    a drug that reduces inflammation
  12. antipyretic
    a drug that relieves fever
  13. nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID)
    a group of drugs with analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties (e.g., ibuprofen and aspirin) commonly used to treat arthritis