NUT123 Midterm

Card Set Information

Author:
talonzi
ID:
217098
Filename:
NUT123 Midterm
Updated:
2013-05-01 16:44:14
Tags:
NUT
Folders:

Description:
Cards for NUT123 midterm
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user talonzi on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What is a nutritional strategy?
    Matching between the foods that an animal selects and its digestive and metabolic capabilities.
  2. What is a digestive strategy?
    Anatomical, enzymatic, and microbial capacity of an animal.
  3. What are some important properties of food? What do they determine?
    • Nutrient content
    • Moisture
    • Physical aspects: size, texture, etc.
    • Fiber
    • Microbial promoting or inhibiting properties
    • Toxins

    Palatibility
  4. How do some plants promote feeding?
    Provide nutritional rewards for services (pollen and seed transport, elimination of pests) provided by the consuming animal

    - Nectar, fruits, exudates
  5. How do most plants avoid being eaten?
    • Physical (nutrient storage organs underground, tough fibrous husks, thorns, lignification)
    • and chemical defenses
  6. Blood is...
    Mostly fat and protein
  7. Soft invertebrates are...
    Mostly fat and protein
  8. Shelled invertebrates are...
    Chitin, protein, and fat
  9. Vertebrate skin is mostly...(1)
    Flesh (2)
    Cartilage (3)
    Bone (4)
    • 1. Protein
    • 2. Protein and fat
    • 3. Minerals
    • 4. Minerals
  10. Proximate components...
    separate food into fractions; what does not burn is ash
  11. How does the food quality of invertebrates change with age?
    Increased chitin
  12. How does the food quality of vertebrates change with age?
    • Decrease in protein and water
    • Increase in fat and connective tissue
  13. How does the food quality of plants change with age?
    • Decrease in protein and soluble fiber
    • Increase in cellulose, lignin, and toxins
  14. How do ecologists classify food consumption?
    Based on trophic level:

    • - Primary consumer
    • - Secondary consumer
    • - Tertiary consumer
    • - Carrion feeder
    • - Coprophagous
  15. How do nutritionists classify food consumption?
    Based on food characteristics consumed by adults
  16. A generalist feeder is called...
    An omnivore
  17. A specialist feeder is called...
    An oligovore
  18. An animal that specializes in animal matter is called...
    A faunivore
  19. An animal that specializes in invertebrates is called...
    A microfaunivore
  20. An animal that specializes in insects is called...
    Insectivore
  21. An animal that specializes in ants is called...
    A myrmecovore
  22. An animal that specializes in crustaceans is called...
    A crustacivore
  23. An animal that specializes in molluscs is called...
    A molluscivore
  24. An animal that specializes in zooplankton is called...
    A planktonivore
  25. An animal that specializes in vertebrates is called...
    A macrofaunivore
  26. An animal that specializes in fish is called...
    A piscivore
  27. An animal that specializes in birds is called...
    An avivore
  28. An animal that specializes in blood is called...
    A sanguinivore
  29. An animal that specializes in plant matter is called...
    A florivore
  30. What are the three types of florivores? Give an example of each.
    • 1. Grazers or roughage feeders (Sheep, cattle)
    • 2. Intermediate feeders (Goat, red deer)
    • 3. Browsers (white-tailed deer)
  31. An animal that specializes in herbs and forbs is called...
    An herbivore
  32. An animal that specializes in leaves, shoots, petioles, and buds is called...
    A folivore
  33. An animal that specializes in grasses is called...
    A graminivore
  34. An animal that specializes in fungi is called...
    A mycovore
  35. An animal that specializes in lichens is called...
    A lichenivore
  36. An animal that specializes in mosses is called...
    A bryophytivore
  37. An animal that specializes in seaweed is called...
    A fucivore
  38. An animal that specializes in moist fruits is called...
    A frugivore
  39. An animal that specializes in hard seeds and nuts is called...
    A granivore
  40. An animal that specializes in exudates is called...
    An exudativore
  41. An animal that specializes in nectar is called...
    A nectivore
  42. A monophagous animal
    Has complete reliance on one food item and is difficult to maintain in captivity.

    Ex: Pandas, snail kite
  43. A polyphagous animal
    Consumes many food items
  44. In an obligate feeding strategy...
    There is little change throughout seasons or life stages
  45. In a facultative feeding strategy...
    There are major changes in diet throughout the season

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview