Cre 101 ch.3-5

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Cre 101 ch.3-5
2013-05-01 19:53:39

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  1. Name and
    define the two different kinds of issues.
    How do you find the issue
    in an argument?
    • Descriptive Issues:
    • those that raise questions about the accuracy of the past, present,
    • or future.

    • Prescriptive issues:
    • are those that raise questions about what we should
    • do
    • or what is right or wrong, good, or bad.
  2. Write a paragraph
    to yourself explaining the six clues to discovering the conclusion
    in a written argument.
    • Clue
    • 1: Ask what the issue is.

    • Clue
    • 2: Look for indicator words.

    • Clue
    • 3: Look in likely locations.

    • Clue
    • 4: Remember what a conclusion is not.

    • Clue
    • 5: Check the context of the communication and the author's
    • background.

    • Clue
    • 6: Ask question, “and therefore”
  3. In your own
    writing, how can you make your conclusion
    (or thesis) clear, and what are two advantages of doing that?
    • Insert it at the
    • beginning or end of your essay and precede it with an indicator word.
    • Make certain that it is a direct response to the issue you intended
    • to address. The advantage is it makes the reader a reader's task of
    • identifiable easier and also improve your logic.
  4. How do Brown and
    Keeley define reasons?
    • REASONS:
    • Explanations or rationales for why we should believe a particular
    • conclusion.
  5. What are four tips
    for finding and organizing reasons in an argument
    • Circle indicator
    • words

    • Underline the
    • reasons and conclusion in different colors of ink, or highlight the
    • conclusion and underline the reasons.

    • Label the reason and
    • conclusion in the margin.

    • After reading long
    • passages, make a list of reasons at the end of the essay.
  6. What do B & K
    mean by ambiguity?
    • Ambiguity refers to
    • the existence of multiply possible meanings for a word or phrase.
  7. When reading an
    argument, what is the difference between an ambiguous
    term, and a non-ambiguous
    term that you are not sure of the meaning?
    • (Just because you
    • don’t know the meaning of the term doesn’t mean it’s
    • ambiguous!)

    • Non-ambiguous=
    • pharases that provide a much more concrete picture are less
    • ambiguous.
  8. How do Browne and
    Keeley define "context?"
    • The writer's or
    • speaker's background, traditional uses of the term within the
    • particular controversy, and the words and statements preceding, and
    • following the possible ambiguity.