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define the two different kinds of issues.
How do you find the issue
in an argument?
- Descriptive Issues:
- those that raise questions about the accuracy of the past, present,
- or future.
- Prescriptive issues:
- are those that raise questions about what we should
- or what is right or wrong, good, or bad.
Write a paragraph
to yourself explaining the six clues to discovering the conclusion
in a written argument.
- 1: Ask what the issue is.
- 2: Look for indicator words.
- 3: Look in likely locations.
- 4: Remember what a conclusion is not.
- 5: Check the context of the communication and the author's
- 6: Ask question, “and therefore”
In your own
writing, how can you make your conclusion
(or thesis) clear, and what are two advantages of doing that?
- Insert it at the
- beginning or end of your essay and precede it with an indicator word.
- Make certain that it is a direct response to the issue you intended
- to address. The advantage is it makes the reader a reader's task of
- identifiable easier and also improve your logic.
How do Brown and
Keeley define reasons?
- Explanations or rationales for why we should believe a particular
What are four tips
for finding and organizing reasons in an argument
- Underline the
- reasons and conclusion in different colors of ink, or highlight the
- conclusion and underline the reasons.
- Label the reason and
- conclusion in the margin.
- After reading long
- passages, make a list of reasons at the end of the essay.
What do B & K
mean by ambiguity?
- Ambiguity refers to
- the existence of multiply possible meanings for a word or phrase.
When reading an
argument, what is the difference between an ambiguous
term, and a non-ambiguous
term that you are not sure of the meaning?
- (Just because you
- don’t know the meaning of the term doesn’t mean it’s
- pharases that provide a much more concrete picture are less
How do Browne and
Keeley define "context?"
- The writer's or
- speaker's background, traditional uses of the term within the
- particular controversy, and the words and statements preceding, and
- following the possible ambiguity.