Religion chapter 15.txt

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Religion chapter 15.txt
2013-05-01 20:56:26

Sec 1, 2, 3, 4
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    • What happened to Napoleon?
    • In March 1815 he escaped and returned to Paris with a new army, but in June 1815 he was defeated at Waterloo and exiled to St.Helena .
  1. What did Napoleon cause with his arrest?
    Borders had to be redrawn and diplomats had to meet in Vienna to restore order in October 1814
  2. How did Napoleon's defeat influence the Europeans?
    Europeans became more determined to govern their own land and distance themselves from rulers and the church
  3. What caused revolutionary movements in Italy in 1840-1860?
    The Congress of Vienna reestablished the church's rule over the papal States and divided the rest of Italy-not pleasing to Italian patriots.
  4. 1861 United Kingdom of Italy wanted ______________as their capital, despite the protest by Pope pius ix
  5. When was the 1st Vatican Council called? Why was it interrupted?
    December 1869-October 1870. With the taking of the remained of the papal States and Rome itself
  6. Otto von Bismarck establishes the German Empire. What did this caused and what was the Vatican councils teaching?
    Began kulturekampf or the conflict of cultures to persecut many catholics. Papal Infliblity would cause Catholics to disregard the German government
  7. What did industrial growth bring?
    Corrupt businesses owners that took advantage of their workers and gave them poor living and working conditions.
  8. Who did the workers look to for help in gaining justice? What caused them to give up their religion for justice?
    Communist and socialist labor organizations that promoted a classless society and equal distribution of economic goods. believe what Karl Marx taught, that religion gave people an illusion of an unreal world.
  9. How does Pope Leo x111 contribute to the church?
    Wrote 85 encyclicals to explain the church social teachings. One of them being rerum Novarum , "of new things", that applied church traditional doctrines to the modern world concerns- workers rights to just wages, to form trade unions. Also keep x111 ask gov to enact laws to protect workers rights
  10. What contributions does Pope pius x make to the church.
    Declared that children should recieve First Holy Communion as soon as they understand that Christ was truly present in the Eucharist, encourage Catholics to receive Holy Communion frequently even daily, encouraged the revival of the Gregorian chant and the writing of appropriate new music, instructed bishops to provide better instructions for priest and for homelies 2 be simple and clear.
  11. The 19th century was a time of spiritual revival for the church. What are three things that was done for the revival church.
    Catholic schools and colleges were founded, franciscans, Dominicans, bendectines, and Jesuits recovered from the French Revolution, men and woman of faith we're working 4 Social justice.
  12. Who dedicated their lives to the youth, especially Europe's working class?
    Society of St Francis De sales, called Salesians, founded by John Bosco and daughters of Mary. Helf of Christians by Mary Mazzarello.
  13. Who worked with Italian immigrants in the US
    Missionaries of the sacred Heart of Jesus founded by St Frances Xavier Cabrini
  14. Who worked with the African and Native Americans?
    Sisters of the blessed sacrament by St Katherine Drexel
  15. Name two reasons the US grew in size?
    Because of archbishop John Carroll death in 1815 the US Catholic population had grown the end of the napoleonic wars increased immigration, especially of Catholics from England, Ireland, and Germany that were looking for a haven from anti Catholic prejudice and persecutions
  16. As the US grew size ________________________ carved out 4 diocese from the original ___________________ diocese and named 4 new bishops.
    Pope pius v111 Baltimore
  17. Who was John England? What are the 3 things John England did?
    the first bishop of Charleston SC, Started the 1st Catholic newspaper in the US, opened a school for free African American children, arranged for religious instruction of slaves.
  18. Who was the 1st Bishop of Santa Fe? How did it become a diocese?
    Jean Baptiste Lamy new territories added to the US out west
  19. What did it mean to be Catholic?
    That u were un American but loyal to the Pope of Rome.
  20. How did anti Catholics affect the church?
    Led to violence, burning of homes, schools, and churches. Formed party called "know nothing" that promoted mob violence against Catholics and anti Catholic laws.
  21. What caused anti Catholics thoughts and speeches to increased
    Arrival of more Catholic immigrants
  22. _______(year)____ with ________(number)____________ Catholics in the US, they had became the largest single religious group.
    1850 2 million