Qtr 3 Physical Exam Midterm

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Author:
bradley.knox
ID:
217146
Filename:
Qtr 3 Physical Exam Midterm
Updated:
2013-05-02 16:07:19
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midterm
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Head, eyes, ears, lymph, disorders
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  1. Possible etiology?
    Fine hair:
    Course hair:
    • Fine hair: hyperthyroidism
    • Course hair: hypothyroidism
  2. Red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales on scalp
    Seborrheic dermatitis
  3. Red patches of skin with silvery scales on head
    Psoriasis
  4. Metabolic bone disease that involves bone destruction and regrowth
    Paget's disease
  5. Increased levels of cortisol causing moon face
    Cushing's syndrome
  6. swelling around the eyes usually upon waking
    Nephrotic syndrome
  7. severe hypothyroidism, puffy face, edema around eyes does not pit, hair and eyebrows dry, course, thinned, dry skin
    Myxedema
  8. What lymph is commonly affected by HIV
    Occipital node
  9. painless rubbery discrete nodes that gradually appear
    Hodgkin's lymphona
  10. Lymph drainage: scalp, neck, skin of arms and pecs, thorax, cervical and axillary nodes
    Posterior cervical
  11. Common diseases that affect the posterior cervical lymph
    • Tuberculosis
    • Lymphoma
    • Head and neck malignancy
  12. Lymph drainage: mediastinum, lungs, esophagus
    Right Supraclavicular lymph
  13. Lymph drainage: Thorax, abdomen via thoracic duct
    Left Supraclavicular
  14. What affect will aortic aneurysm, tumor, unilateral thyroid lobe enlargment, pneumothorax have on the trachea?
    Push to unaffected side
  15. What is the most common cause of thyroid Goiter?
    Iodine deficiency
  16. What is presbycusis?
    Degeneration of hair cells at the base of the cochlea
  17. What is a firm, nodular, hypertrophic mass of scar tissue extending beyond the area of injury
    Keloid
  18. A dome shaped lump in the dermis forms a benign closed firm sac
    Cutaneous Cyst
  19. Inflammatory lesion that starts a s a painful, tender papule then uleration and crust with reddening
    Chondrodermatitis helicis
  20. Nontender nodular swellings covered y normal skin deep in the ear canal
    Exostoses
  21. Chalky white patch with irregular margins on the tympanic membrane
    Tympanosclerosis
  22. In conductive hearing loss what would the results of weber and rinne test?
    • Weber: sound lateralized to affected ear (improved vibration detection)
    • Rinne: Bone conduction greater than or equal to air conduction
  23. What are the results of a the weber and rinne test in sensorineural hearing impairment?
    • Weber test: Sound lateralized to good ear
    • Rinne test: Air conduction greater than bone conduction
  24. what is myopia?
    Impaired far vision (lens to strong of focus)
  25. What is hyperopia?
    Impaired near vision (lens to weak)
  26. What is a lesion of the retina that includes destruction of the macula?
    central scotoma
  27. What is estropia?
    one or both eyes turn inward
  28. What is exotropia?
    one or more eye turns out
  29. What nerve is most likely damaged in esotropia?
    CN III
  30. what nerve is most likely in exotropia?
    CN VI (lateral rectus)
  31. What may the absence of the lateral third of the brow indicate?
    Hypothyroidism
  32. What is entropion?
    inward turning of lower eye lashes
  33. What is ectropin?
    outward turning of eye lid
  34. what is Cornea Arcus?
    Thin grayish white arc or circle near edge of cornea
  35. What is pterygium?
    triangular thickening of bulbar conjunctiva that grows slowly across the outer surface of the cornea
  36. Cotton wool spots, flame hemorrhages
    hypertensive retinopathy
  37. Flame shaped and dot-blot hemorrhages
    Diabetic retinopathy

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