Pscy 301 Midterm 4

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Pscy 301 Midterm 4
2013-05-02 01:26:00
Psych 301 Meeks UTexas

Exam 4
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  1. Emotions Include:
    • Physiological response: things your body does
    • Expressive Behaviors: ways you express
    • Cognitive Experience: what you think and how you interpret
  2. James Lange Theory
    Bodies react First then Emotions Follow
  3. Cannon Bard Theory
    • Two events happen at the same time
    • Body Reacts as you label the event with an emotion
  4. Spinal Cord Injuries
    • Only legs affected: very little change in how they experienced emotions
    • Neck down affected: emotions expressed above the neck became more intense
  5. Schacter's Two Factor Theory
    • Emotions consist of:
    • Physical Arousal
    • Cognitive Label

    Label determines Emotion
  6. Physical Arousal intensifies emotion
  7. Zajonc
    Emotion then Label
  8. Lazarus
    • Must Label emotion before you respond
    • believes you can always change the label
  9. Zajoncand Lazarus Agree
    • some emotions don't require conscious thought 
    • complex emotions depend on memory
  10. Autonomic Nervous System
    Sympathetic-provides you when you are in trouble, ups adrenaline and nonadrenaline, "fight or flight"

    Parasympathetic-after it returns everything to normal, rest and recuperate
  11. Polygraph Test Measures
    • Breathing
    • Blood Pressure
    • Perspiration
    • Heart Rate
  12. Guilty Knowledge Test
    Hook them up to sensors and ask question about details of the crime that have been withheld
  13. Nonverbal Communication
    communicating without using words

    Women are more responsive to nonverbal cues than men
  14. Darwin
    • Believed non verbal communication is universal
    • Non verbal communication predates language
  15. Izard
    • 10 Basic Emotions
    • Joy
    • Interest
    • Surprise
    • Sadness
    • Anger
    • Disgust
    • Contempt
    • Fear
    • Shame 
    • Guilt
  16. Anger
    • "Short madness" "carries the mind away"
    • Get Angry because perceived misdeed, annoyances
  17. Deal with Anger
    • Aggression-outward directed behavior
    • Catharsis-inward directed behavior or fantasy
  18. Happiness
    • High ratio of pos to neg feelings
    • sense of satisfaction with life
    • a subjective being
    • Feel do good do
  19. Temporary Moods are Affected by
    • argument
    • bad test score
    • car problems
    • people tend to rebound quickly and thoroughly
  20. Long term life satisfaction can be affected by
    • loss of a loved on 
    • abuse
    • war
    • paralyzing accident

    overestimate how we will be affected by an accident and underestimate our ability to cope
  21. Happy People Focus on
    • intamacy 
    • personal growth
    • contributing
  22. Adaption Level Phenomena
    • tendency to judge things compared to our neutral level (a level we deem acceptable for everything in our life) 
    • Neutral level affected by our experiences
  23. Relative Deprivation Principle
    • sense that we are worse off than others with whom we compare ourselves 
    • can help or hurt
  24. Stress can be a
    • stimulus
    • response
    • process
  25. What stresses us q
    • catastrophes
    • significant life changes
    • daily hassels
  26. Psychological Disorders
    • Atypical-a behavior that is atypical is a behavior that is different from normal behavior in that culture
    • Disturbing-other people in the culture are disturbed by the behavior 
    • Maladaptive- change that is bad, wrong or ill 
    • Unjustifiable
  27. A disorder is Psychological and Somatoform
    • Psychological- condition in which a person's thoughts, feelings or behavior is judged to be dsyfunctional 
    • Somatoform- disorder that involved physical symptoms wihch are psychological in origin
  28. Two views of Psychological Disorders
    • Medical Perspective-Pinel believed people who are acting different are sick
    • Biopsyhcosocial Perrspective- biology, psychology and social surroundings create a psychological disorder
  29. How to classify a disorder
    • describe 
    • predict
    • imply treatment
    • encourage reseach
  30. DSM IV
    • Diagnostic and Statistics Manual 
    • dictionary of psychological disorders with symptoms, treatments, etc 
    • labels people
  31. General Anxiety Disorder
    • persisting anxious symptoms
    • 2/3's are women 
    • person cannot identify the cause of the behavior therefore cannot control it
  32. Panic Disorder
    anxiety in its extreme form, person has panix attack (intense fear something is going to happen)
  33. Phobias
    • occurs when we focus on a specific object, activity or situation 
    • irrational fears that disrupt behavior; very common
  34. OCD
    • obsessed with something to the point where you're compelled to do the behavior over and oer again, makes normal functioning impossible 
    • seen more in younger people
  35. Causes of anxiety disorder
    • contitioning- conditioned response to fear 
    • Stimulus generalization-happens when we gneralize our fear to similar situations 
    • Reinforcement-keeps phobias and compulsions active so avoid stimulus 
    • Obeservational Learning-pick up someone's behavior of being afraid of something
  36. Causes of Anxiety Disorders
    • Evolution 
    • Genes
    • Physiology
  37. Depression
    • response to a current or past loss 
    • depression causes reclusiveness, loss of interest, removal, illness after extended time
  38. Major Depressive Disorder
    • overwhelming sense of sadness and lethargy 
    • persist over a period of several weeks or more without known cause
  39. Bipolar Disorder
    • people fluctuate between the two extremes of moods, staying in each from a few days to months
    • Manic phase- a lot of energy, optimism, etc
    • Depressive phase- like depression 
    • -people don't like medication, they like the high
  40. Schizophrenia
    • Delusions-false beliefs
    • Hallucinations-sensory experiences without sensory output 
    • Inappropriate emotions and actions
  41. Paranoid Schizophrenia
    believes everyone is out to get them
  42. Disorganized Schizophrenia
    disorganized speech/behavior or flat effect/inappropriate emotions
  43. Catatonic Schizophrenia
    go into a type of trance, eyes become glassy, non repsonsive
  44. Undifferentiated Catatonic
    many and varied symptims
  45. Residual Schizophrenia
    withdraws after the delusions and hallucinations have disappeared
  46. Causes of Schizophrenia
    • Brain abnormalities- shrunk brain, fluid areas
    • Genetic Factors 
    • psychological Factors- dysfunctional families
  47. Personality Disorders
    Inflecible and enduring patters of behavior that impair one's social functioning
  48. Avoidant
    show anxiety, fearful of rejection
  49. Schixoid
    eccentric behaviors, socially disengages, emotionless
  50. Histrionic
    dramatic or impulsive behaviors, shallow attention getting emotions, gains others praise
  51. Narcissistic
    exaggerate their own importance, fantasies where they succeed
  52. Borderline
    people with an unstable identity, unstable relationships and unstable emotions
  53. Antisocial
    feel no guilt about anything, no conscious or empathy, highly intelligent, charming