Ch13psy

Card Set Information

Author:
Darkness
ID:
217195
Filename:
Ch13psy
Updated:
2013-05-02 01:38:24
Tags:
psy13
Folders:

Description:
test
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Darkness on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Personality
    a person's unique and relatively consistent pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting
  2. Psychodynamic Theories
    Emphasize the unconscious - parts of the personality "hidden" from conscious awareness that influence our thoughts, feelings, and behavior
  3. Levels of Awareness
    • Conscious
    • Preconscious
    • Unconscious
  4. The Structure of the Personality and Its Development
    • The id
    • The ego
    • The superego
  5. The id
    • present from birth
    • totally unconscious
    • Pleasure Principle
  6. The ego
    • mostly conscious/preconscious
    • rational decision maker
  7. The superego
    • mostly preconscious/unconscious
    • mental representation of society's
  8. the ego ideal
    • mental representation of "good" behaviors
    • rewards the person with feelings of pride
  9. the conscience
    • mental representation of "bad" behaviors
    • punishes the person with guilt
  10. defense mechanisms
    • Repression
    • Sublimation
    • Denial
    • Rationalization
    • Intellectualization
    • Projection
    • Reaction formation
    • Regression
    • Displacement
  11. libido
    "sexual" tension
  12. Freudian Theory
    • Weaknesses
    • • not very scientific
    • • concepts difficult to measure
    • • details are basically based on faith rather than empirical support
    • • explanations are more complicated than necessary to account for the facts
    • • Strengths
    • • basic concepts (like the unconscious) are widely accepted
    • • sees humans as complex organisms with rich psychological lives
    • • psychoanalytic therapy has helped many people
    • • inspired followers who have expanded and refined theory
  13. Five Basic Personality Traits
    • Openness
    • Consciousnesses
    • Extroversion
    • Agreeableness
    • Narcissism
  14. The Learning Theory Approach
    Emphasizes external, environmental forces rather than internal mental processes
  15. Carl Rogers
    Each person has the potential to be good, decent,and mentally healthy
  16. The Social-Cognitive Approach
    Emphasizes one's conscious interpretation of situations, events, and experiences what we believe and how we think about things
  17. Albert Bandura
    • Self-efficacy
    • Reciprocal determinism
  18. Self-efficacy
    a learned belief that one can produce desired results like mastering skills orachieving goals
  19. Reciprocal determinism
    a person's cognitions, behavior, and learning environment interact and continually influence one another
  20. Julian Rotter
    Locus of control
  21. Albert Ellis
    Behavior and emotions stem from the beliefs we hold
  22. MAJOR APPROACHES TO PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT
    • Interviews
    • Observations
    • Self-Report Objective Personality Tests
    • Projective Tests

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview