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  1. Psychoanalytic Therapy
    Goal is to lead client to an insight into the unconscious sources of his or her problems
  2. Freudian Psychoanalysis
    • Five techniques to uncover and understand unconscious material
    • Free association
    • Dream analysis
    • Analysis of resistance
    • Analysis of transference
    • Interpretation
  3. Humanistic Therapy
    Assumes client’s problems stem from distortions in his or her self-concept that prevent the client from realizing his or her full potential
  4. Carl Rogers - Client-Centered Therapy
    • Therapy is nondirective
    • Therapist maintains four conditions
    • Unconditional positive regard
    • Empathy
    • Genuineness
    • Active listening
  5. Cognitive Therapy
    Focuses on changing faulty thought processes to treat problem behavior
  6. Albert Ellis' Rational-Emotive Therapy (RET)
    • RET is highly directive and challenges the client's beliefs A-B-C-D approach:
    • A = Activating event (event that frustrates the client)is filtered through
    • B = Belief system (beliefs and interpretation of events)which leads to
    • C = Consequence (client’s behavior and/or emotional reactions)
    • D = Disputing Irrational Beliefs (client works to understand why his/her assumptions and interpretations are erroneous and replace these with more rational beliefs)
  7. Aaron Beck’s Cognitive Therapy
    Clients are taught to recognize and keep track of their thoughts
  8. Group Therapies
    Group Therapy - a number of people meet together to work toward therapeutic goals
  9. Operant Conditioning
    identify specific behaviors that need to be increased or decreased
  10. Modeling Therapy
    clients observe and imitate appropriate models as they perform desired behaviors
  11. Aversion Therapy
    train client to associate discomfort with a bad habit to create an aversion instead of an attraction to a stimulus
  12. Systematic Desensitization
    treat phobias by training the client to associate relaxation instead of anxiety and fear to a stimulus
  13. Biomedical therapies
    are based on the premise that mental health problems are caused, at least in part, by chemical imbalances or disturbed nervous system functioning.
  14. psychopharmacology
    the study of drug effects on mind and behavior
  15. the four types of therapeutic drugs
    • Antianxiety drugs
    • Antipsychotic drugs
    • Mood stabilizer drugs
    • Antidepressant drugs
  16. electroconvulsive therapy
    moderate electrical current is passed through the brain
  17. psychosurgery
    brain surgery to reduce serious, debilitating psychological problems
  18. repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
    a pulsed magnetic coil is held close to a person’s head for depression
  19. Lobotomy
    involved cutting nerve pathways between the frontal lobes and the thalamus and hypothalamus
  20. Concerns of women
    • Rates of diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.
    • Stresses of poverty
    • Stresses of aging
    • Violence against women
    • Stresses of multiple roles
Card Set:
2013-05-02 06:26:53

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