Review - HITT 2231 - Med Term Advance (Plemons)

Card Set Information

Author:
blondie_2013
ID:
217207
Filename:
Review - HITT 2231 - Med Term Advance (Plemons)
Updated:
2013-05-02 05:36:55
Tags:
Review HITT 2231 Med Term Advance Plemons
Folders:

Description:
Review for final - HITT 2231 Med Term Advance (Plemons)
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user blondie_2013 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Alteration
    Modifying the anatomic structure of a body part without affecting the function of the body part

    Principal purpose is to improve appearance

    Examples Face lift, breast augmentation
  2. Bypass
    Altering the route of passage of the contents of a tubular body part

    Rerouting contents around an area of a body part to another distal (downstream) area in the normal route; rerouting the contents to another different but similar route and body part; or to an abnormal route and another dissimilar body part. It includes one or more concurrent anastomoses with or without the use of a device such as autografts, tissue substitutes and synthetic substitutes.

    Examples Coronary artery bypass, colostomy formation
  3. Change
    Taking out or off a device from a body part and putting back an identical or similar device in or on the same body part without cutting or puncturing the skin or a mucous membrane

    All change procedures are coded using the approach External.

    Examples Urinary catheter change, gastrostomy tube change
  4. Control
    Stopping, or attempting to stop, post-procedural bleeding

    The site of the bleeding is coded as an anatomical region and not to a specific body part.

    Examples Control of post-prostatectomy hemorrhage, control of post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage
  5. Creation
    Making a new structure that does not physically take the place of a body part

    Used only for sex change operations where genitalia are made

    Examples Creation of vagina in a male, creation of penis in a female
  6. Destruction
    Eradicating all or a portion of a body part

    Used for the actual physical destruction of all or a portion of a body part by the direct use of energy, force or a destructive agent. None of the body part is taken out.

    Examples Fulguration of rectal polyp, cautery of skin lesion
  7. Detachment
    Cutting off all or a portion of an extremity

    Cutting off all or part of the upper or lower extremities

    Examples Below knee amputation, disarticulation of shoulder
  8. Dilation
    Expanding an orifice or the lumen of a tubular body part

    The orifice can be a natural orifice or an artificially created orifice. Accomplished by stretching a tubular body part using intraluminal pressure or by cutting part of the orifice or wall of the tubular body part.

    Examples Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, pyloromyotomy
  9. Division
    Separating, without taking out, a body part

    All or a portion of the body part is separated into two or more portions.

    Examples Spinal cordotomy, osteotomy
  10. Drainage
    Taking or letting out fluids and/or gases from a body part

    The qualifier DIAGNOSTIC is used to identify drainage procedures that are biopsies.

    Examples Thoracentesis, incision and drainage
  11. Excision
    Cutting out or off, without replacement, a portion of a body part

    The qualifier DIAGNOSTIC is used to identify excision procedures that are biopsies.

    Examples Partial nephrectomy, liver biopsy
  12. Extirpation
    Taking or cutting out solid matter from a body part

    The solid matter may be an abnormal byproduct of a biological function or a foreign body. The solid matter is imbedded in a body part, or is in the lumen of a tubular body part. The solid matter may or may not have been previously broken into pieces. No appreciable amount of the body part is taken out.

    Examples Thrombectomy, choledocholithotomy
  13. Extraction
    Pulling or stripping out or off all or a portion of a body part

    The body part is pulled or stripped from its location by the use of force (e.g., manual, suction). The qualifier DIAGNOSTIC is used to identify extraction procedures that are biopsies.

    Examples Dilation and curettage, vein stripping
  14. Fragmentation
    Breaking solid matter in a body part into pieces

    The solid matter may be an abnormal byproduct of a biological function or a foreign body. Physical force (e.g., manual, ultrasonic) applied directly or indirectly through intervening body parts is used to break the solid matter into pieces. The pieces of solid matter are not taken out, but are eliminated or absorbed through normal biological functions.

    Examples Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy, transurethral lithotripsy
  15. Fusion
    Joining together portions of an articular body part rendering the articular body part immobile

    The body part is joined together by fixation device, bone graft, or other means.

    Examples Spinal fusion, ankle arthrodesis
  16. Insertion
    Putting in a non-biological device that monitors, assists, performs or prevents a physiological function but does not physically take the place of a body part

    Examples Insertion of radioactive implant, insertion of central venous catheter
  17. Inspection
    Visually and/or manually exploring a body part

    Visual exploration may be performed with or without optical instrumentation.Manual exploration may be performed directly or through intervening body layers.

    Examples Diagnostic arthroscopy, exploratory laparotomy
  18. Map
    Locating the route of passage of electrical impulses and/or locating functional areas in a body part

    Applicable only to the cardiac conduction mechanism and the central nervous system

    Examples Cardiac mapping, cortical mapping
  19. Occlusion
    Completely closing an orifice or the lumen of a tubular body part

    The orifice can be a natural orifice or an artificially created orifice.

    Examples Fallopian tube ligation, ligation of inferior vena cava
  20. Reattachment
    Putting back in or on all or a portion of a separated body part to its normal location or other suitable location

    Vascular circulation and nervous pathways may or may not be reestablished.

    Examples Reattachment of hand, reattachment of avulsed kidney
  21. Release
    Freeing a body part

    Eliminating an abnormal constraint of a body part by cutting or by use of force.Some of the restraining tissue may be taken out but none of the body part is taken out.

    Examples Adhesiolysis, carpal tunnel release
  22. Removal
    Taking out or off a device from a body part

    If taking out a device and putting in a similar device is performed with an external approach, the procedure is coded to the root operation CHANGE. Otherwise, the procedure for taking out the device is coded to the root operation REMOVAL and the procedure for putting in the new device is coded to the root operation performed.

    Examples Drainage tube removal, cardiac pacemaker removal
  23. Repair
    Restoring, to the extent possible, a body part to its normal anatomic structure and function

    Used only when the method to accomplish the repair is not one of the other root operations

    Examples Herniorrhaphy, suture of laceration
  24. Replacement
    Putting in or on biological or synthetic material that physically takes the place of all or a portion of a body part.

    The biological material is non-living, or the biological material is living and from the same individual. The body part may have been previously taken out, previously replaced, or may be taken out concomitantly with the Replacement procedure. If the body part has been previously replaced, a separate Removal procedure is coded for taking out the device used in the previous replacement.

    Examples Total hip replacement, free skin graft
  25. Reposition
    Moving to its normal location or other suitable location all or a portion of a body part.

    The body part is moved to a new location from an abnormal location, or from a normal location where it is not functioning correctly. The body part may or may not be cut out or off to be moved to the new location.

    Examples Reposition of undescended testicle, fracture reduction
  26. Resection
    Cutting out or off, without replacement, all of a body part.

    Total nephrectomy, total lobectomy of lung
  27. Restriction
    Partially closing an orifice or the lumen of a tubular body part.

    The orifice can be a natural orifice or an artificially created orifice.

    Examples Esophagogastric fundoplication, cervical cerclage
  28. Revision
    Correcting, to the extent possible, a malfunctioning or displaced device.

    Revision can include correcting a malfunctioning or displaced device by taking out or putting in components of the device such as a screw or pin.

    Examples Adjustment of pacemaker lead, adjustment of hip prosthesis
  29. Supplement
    Putting in or on biologic or synthetic material that physically reinforces and/or augments the function of a portion of the body.

    The biological material is non-living, or the biological material is living and from the same individual. The body part may have been previously replaced. If the body part has been previously replaced, the Supplement procedure is performed to physically reinforce and/or augment the function of the replaced body part.

    Examples Herniorrhapy using mesh, free nerve graft, mitral valve ring annuloplasty, put a new acetabular liner in a previous hip replacement, abdominal wall herniorrhaphy using mesh.
  30. Transfer
    Moving, without taking out, all or a portion of a body part to another location to take over the function of all or a portion of a body part.

    The body part transferred remains connected to its vascular and nervous supply.

    Examples Tendon transfer, skin pedicle flap transfer
  31. Transplantation
    Putting in or on all or a portion of a living body part taken from another individual or animal to physically take the place and/or function of all or a portion of a similar body part.

    The native body part may or may not be taken out, and the transplanted body part may take over all or a portion of its function.

    Examples Kidney transplant, heart transplant
  32. Root operations that take out some/all of a body part.
    Excision Cutting out or off, without replacement, a portion of a body part

    Resection Cutting out or off, without replacement, all of a body part

    Detachment Cutting off all or a portion of an extremity

    • Destruction Eradicating all or a portion of a body part
    • Extraction Pulling or stripping out or off all or a portion of a body part
  33. Root operations that take out solids/fluids/gases from a body.
    Drainage Taking or letting out fluids and/or gases from a body part

    Extirpation Taking or cutting out solid matter from a body part

    Fragmentation Breaking solid matter in a body part into pieces
  34. Root operations involving cutting or separation only.
    Division Separating, without taking out, a body part

    Release Freeing a body part
  35. Root operations that put in/put back or move some/all of a body part.
    Transplantation Putting in or on all or a portion of a living body part taken from another individual or animal to physically take the place and/or function of all or a portion of a similar body part

    Reattachment Putting back in or on all or a portion of a separated body part to its normal location or other suitable location

    Transfer Moving, without taking out, all or a portion of a body part to another location to take over the function of all or a portion of a body part

    Reposition Moving to its normal location or other suitable location all or a portion of a body part
  36. Root operations that alter the diameter/route of a tubular body part.
    Restriction Partially closing an orifice or the lumen of a tubular body part

    Occlusion Completely closing an orifice or the lumen of a tubular body part

    Dilation Expanding an orifice or the lumen of a tubular body part

    Bypass Altering the route of passage of the contents of a tubular body part
  37. Root operations that always involve a device.
    Insertion Putting in a non-biological device that monitors, assists, performs or prevents a physiological function but does not physically take the place of a body part

    Replacement Putting in or on biological or synthetic material that physically takes the place of all or a portion of a body part

    Supplement Putting in or on biologic or synthetic material that physically reinforces and/or augments the function of a portion of the body.

    Change Taking out or off a device from a body part and putting back an identical or similar device in or on the same body part without cutting or puncturing the skin or a mucous membrane

    Removal Taking out or off a device from a body part

    Revision Correcting, to the extent possible, a malfunctioning or displaced device
  38. Root operations involving examination only.
    Inspection Visually and/or manually exploring a body part

    Map Locating the route of passage of electrical impulses and/or locating functional areas in a body part
  39. Root operations that include other repairs.
    Repair Restoring, to the extent possible, a body part to its normal anatomic structure and function

    Control Stopping, or attempting to stop, post-procedural bleeding
  40. Root operations that include other objects.
    Fusion Joining together portions of an articular body part rendering the articular body part immobile

    Alteration Modifying the anatomic structure of a body part without affecting the function of the body part

    Creation Making a new structure that does not physically take the place of a body part
  41. Approaches through the skin or mucous membranes
    • Open
    • Percutaneous
    • Percutaneous Endoscopic
  42. Approaches through an orifice
    Via Natural or Artificial Opening

    Via Natural or Artificial Opening Endoscopic

    Via Natural or Artificial Opening with Percutaneous Endoscopic Assistance
  43. Approach or technique used to reach the procedure site ...

              Open
    Cutting through the skin or mucous membrane and any other body layers necessary to expose the site of the procedure

    Examples: Open CABG, Open endarerectomy, Open resection cecum, Abdominal hysterectomy
  44. Approach or technique used to reach the procedure site ...

              Percutaneous
    Entry, by puncture or minor incision, of instrumentation through the skin ormucous membrane and any other body layers necessary to reach the site of the procedure

    Examples:  Percutaneous needle core, Biopsy kidney, Liposuction, Percutaneous drainage of ascites, Needle biopsy of liver
  45. Approach or technique used to reach the procedure site ...

            Percutaneous Endoscopic
    Entry, by puncture or minor incision, of instrumentation through the skin ormucous membrane and any other body layers necessary to reach and visualize the site of the procedure

    Example: Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopy with destruction of endometriosis, Endoscopic drainage sinus, Arthroscopy
  46. Approach or technique used to reach the procedure site ...

            Via Natural or Artificial Opening
    Entry of instrumentation through a natural or artificial external opening to reach the site of the procedure

    Example:  Transurethral cystoscopy with removal bladder stone, Endoscopic ERCP, Hysteroscopy, EGD, Sigmoidoscopy
  47. Approach or technique used to reach the procedure site ...

         Via Natural or Artificial Opening Endoscopic
    Entry of instrumentation through a natural or artificial external opening to reach and visualize the site of the procedure

    Example:  Laparoscopic-assisted, Vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH)
  48. Approach or technique used to reach the procedure site ...

       Via Natural or Artificial Opening With Percutaneous Endoscopic Assistance
    Entry of instrumentation through a natural or artificial external opening and entry, by puncture or minor incision, of instrumentation through the skin or mucous membrane and any other body layers necessary to aid in the performance of the procedure.

    Examples:  Resection of tonsils, Closed reduction of fracture, Excision of skin lesion, Cautery nosebleed, Manual rupture joint adhesions, Reattachment severed ear
  49. Approach or technique used to reach the procedure site ... 

           External
    Procedures performed directly on the skin or mucous membrane and procedures performed indirectly by the application of external force through the skin or mucous membrane
  50. A&P
    auscultation and percussion
  51. ABG
    arterial blood gas
  52. AMI
    acute myocardial infarction
  53. ASD
    atrial septal defect
  54. AV
    atrioventricular
  55. b.i.d
    twice a day
  56. BM
    bowel movement
  57. BMP
    basic metabolic panel
  58. BP
    blood pressure
  59. BPH
    • benign prostatic hypertrophy;
    • benign prostatic hyperplasia
  60. BUN
    blood urea nitrogen
  61. _
    c
    with
  62. C&S
    culture & sensitivity
  63. CABG
    coronary artery bypass graft
  64. CAT
    computed axial tomography
  65. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  66. CBC
    complete blood count
  67. CC
    chief complaint
  68. CHF
    congestive heart failure
  69. CIS
    carcinoma in situ
  70. CMP
    comprehensive metabolic panel
  71. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  72. CT
    computed tomography
  73. CVA
    cerebrovascular accident
  74. D&C
    dilation and curettage
  75. DKA
    diabetic ketoacidosis
  76. DRE
    digital rectal exam
  77. ECG
    electrocardiogram
  78. echo
    electrocardiogram
  79. EEG
    electroencephalogram
  80. EKG
    electrocardiogram
  81. ESWL
    extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
  82. FS
    frozen section
  83. GERD
    gastroesophageal reflux disease
  84. GI
    gastrointestinal
  85. H&P
    history & physical
  86. HCT or Hct
    hematocrit
  87. HEENT
    head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
  88. HGB or Hgb
    hemoglobin
  89. HTN
    hypertension
  90. I&D
    incision & drainage
  91. KUB
    kidneys, ureters, bladder
  92. LEEP
    loop electrosurgical excision procedure
  93. LH
    luteinizing hormone
  94. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  95. NKDA
    no known drug allergy
  96. ORIF
    open reduction, internal fixation
  97. p
    after
  98. PA
    posterior anterior
  99. PACU
    postanesthetic care unit
  100. PERRLA
    pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation
  101. PET
    positron-emission tomography
  102. PTCA
    percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
  103. PTT
    partial thromboplastin time
  104. q
    every
  105. ROS
    review of systems
  106. SOB
    shortness of breath
  107. STAT
    immediately
  108. T&A
    tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
  109. TIA
    transient ischemic attack
  110. TURP
    transurethral resection of the prostate
  111. UTI
    urinary tract infection
  112. WNL
    within normal limits
  113. Anatomic position
    • this is standing erect, facing forward, arms at sides, palms forward, legs parallel, toes pointed forward; used for descriptions
    • and studies of the body.
  114. Dorsal recumbent position
    on back, with legs bent and separated, feet flat; used for obstetrics and gynecology
  115. Fowler position
    • on back, head of bed raised about 18 in., knees elevated; used to ease breathing
    • and for drainage
  116. Jackknife position
    • on back with shoulders elevated, legs flexed and thighs at right angles to the
    • abdomen; used to introduce a tube into the urethra
  117. Knee-chest position
    • on knees, head and upper chest on table, arms crossed above head; used in
    • gynecology and obstetrics and for flushing the intestine
  118. Lateral recumbent position
    on the side with one leg flexed; arm position may vary
  119. Lithotomy position
    on back legs flexed on abdomen, thighs apart, used for gynecologic and urologic surgery
  120. Curettage
    • to clean; scraping of a wound using a spoon like cutting instrument called a
    • curette; this is used in debridement
  121. Debridement
    • removal of dead tissue from a wound or burn site to promote healing and prevent
    • infection
  122. Cryosurgery
    destruction of tissue by freezing
  123. erthr/o
    red
  124. hidr/o
    sweat
  125. hist/o
    histio/o
    tissue
  126. adip/o
    lip/o
    steat/o
    fat
  127. dermo/o
    dermat/o
    cutane/o
    skin
  128. ichthy/o
    fish
  129. kerat/o
    scler/o
    hard
  130. leuk/o
    white
  131. melan/o
    black
  132. myc/o
    fungus
  133. onych/o
    nail
  134. plas/o
    formation
  135. purpur/o
    purple
  136. seb/o
    sebum (oil)
  137. squam/o
    scale
  138. trich/o
    hair
  139. xer/o
    dry
  140. xanth/o
    yellow
  141. ecchymosis
    bruise
  142. verruca
    wart; caused by a virus
  143. dysplastic nevus
    mole with precancerous changes
  144. ankyl/o
    crooked/stiff
  145. kyph/o
    humped-back
  146. lei/o
    smooth
  147. lord/o
    bent
  148. lumb/o
    loin
  149. myel/o
    bone marrow or spinal cord
  150. my/o
    myos/o
    muscul/o
    muscle
  151. oste/o
    bone
  152. patell/o
    knee cap
  153. pelv/i
    pelv/o
    • hip bone/
    • pelvic cavity
  154. radi/o
    radius
  155. rhabd/o
    rod shape striated(skeletal)
  156. sarc/o
    flesh
  157. scoli/o
    twisted
  158. spondyl/o
    vertebr/o
    vertebra
  159. stern/o
    sternum
  160. ten/o
    tend/o
    tendin/o
    tendon
  161. thorac/o
    chest
  162. ton/o
    tone/tension
  163. uln/o
    ulna
  164. Appendicular skeleton
    • •shoulder
    • •pelvis
    • •upper and lower extremities
  165. Axial skeleton:
    • •skull
    • •vertebral column
    • •chest
    • •hyoid bone
  166. Long bones
    bones of arms and legs
  167. Short bones
    bones of wrists and ankles
  168. Flat bones
    bones of ribs, shoulder blades, pelvis and skull
  169. Irregular bones
    bones of vertebrae and face
  170. Sesamoid bones
    round bones found near joints
  171. -ectomy,
    surgical removal, excision, cutting out
  172. -ectasis
    -ectasia
    stretching, dilation, enlargement
  173. -tomy
    cutting, incision
  174. -stomy
    new opening
  175. -rrhaphy
    suture
  176. -rrhea
    -rrhoea
    flow, discharge
  177. -rrhage
    -rrhagia
    bursting forth
  178. -ptosis
    drooping, sagging, prolapse
  179. -itis
    inflammation
  180. -iasis
    condition, abnormal condition
  181. -cele
    tumour, cyst, hernia
  182. -gram
    tracing, picture, record
  183. -graph
    instrument for recording, picture
  184. -graphy
    recording, process of recording a picture or record
  185. -scope
    viewer, instrument for visual examination
  186. -scopy
    see, visual examination
  187. gastr/o
    stomach, belly
  188. ren/o
    kidney
  189. nephr/o
    nephra-
    kidney
  190. cardi/o
    heart
  191. dermat/o
    derm/o
    derma-
    skin
  192. hem/o
    blood
  193. sinisr/o
    left
  194. scler/o
    sclera, white of eye, hard
  195. kerat/o
    horny, hard, cornea
  196. rhin/o
    nose
  197. hepat/o
    hepa-
    hepar-
    liver
  198. dextr/o
    right side
  199. stomat/o
    mouth
  200. lapar/o
    abdomen
  201. gravida
    pregnant woman
  202. -para
    to bear
  203. What does "SOAP" stand for?
    • S - Subjective (What the patient describes)
    • O - Objective (Observable information)
    • A - Assessment (Patient’s progress and evaluation of the plan’s effectiveness; any newfound problem or diagnosis is noted here)
    • P - Plan (Decision to proceed or to alter the plan strategy)

    • Also note:
    • The SOAP method of documenting a patient’s progress is the most common.

    The letters represent the order in which progress is noted as each complaint or problem is addressed.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview