Human Dev Final

Card Set Information

Human Dev Final
2013-05-02 10:49:22
psychology human development

human dev
Show Answers:

  1. infancy (psychosocial stage)
    • trust v. mistrust
    • prime adap. ego (hope), core path. (withdrawal)
  2. toddlerhood (psychosocial stage)
    • autonomy v. shame & doubt
    • prime adap. ego (will), core path. (compulsion)
  3. early childhood (psychosocial stage)
    • initiative v. guilt
    • prime adap. ego (purpose), core path. (inhibition)
  4. middle childhood (psychosocial stage)
    • industry v. inferiority
    • prime adap. ego (competence), core path. (inertia--paralysis of thought/action)
  5. adolescence (psychosocial stage)
    • identity v. role confusion
    • early adol: prime adap. ego(fidelity), core path(dissociation); later adol: prime adap. ego (fidelity), core path(repudiation-rejection of most roles/values)
  6. actively exploring meaningful alternatives
    crisis (Marcia, identity status)
  7. making a personal investment in a decision
    commitment (Marcia, identity status)
  8. early adulthood (psychosocial stage)
    • intimacy v. isolation
    • prime adap. ego (love), core path (exclusivity)
  9. middle adulthood (psychosocial stage)
    • generativity v. stagnation
    • prime adap. ego (care), core path (rejectivity)
  10. late adulthood (psychosocial stage)
    • wisdom v. dispair
    • prime adap. ego (wisdom), core path (disdain)
  11. sorts, assigns, associates different values, power, and privilege, used to justify exploitation
  12. allows ppl to identify or be identified with certain groups of inds, confers a sense of belonging
  13. socially acquired traditions of thought and behavior
  14. tools that change the way we organize and thinking about the world
    psychological tools
  15. from intermental to intramental, from external to internal
    every fcn in dev appears twice: 1st on social level, and later ind. level; 1st b/t ppl and then inside person
  16. you try some of it by yourself and other ppl help by giving occasional advice & instruction when you get stuck
    guided participation
  17. the experienced partner adjusts the activity to make it accessible to the child and provided assistance when needed
  18. the distance between the actual developmental level and the level of potential development or performance
    zone of proximal development
  19. structures that maintain their organization even though their parts constantly change
    open system
  20. properties of open system
    systems always in process of change; whole is comprised of relationships among parts; tendency for system to resist change & retain identity/fcns (adaptive self-stabilization); sys exists in rel. w/ environ; feedback mechs.
  21. each system is comprised of subsystems that have more limited fcns
    system hierarchy
  22. term used by DST to characterize the process of developmental change; how new forms come into existence as a result of ongoing processes that are found within the system itself
  23. principles of change
    small diffs can result n large diffs later; small change causes change thruout system; accumulation of small quantitative changes can lead to qual change; when 1 of # rel skills passes threshold, can cont. to integration of what seems 2b a qual dif skill
  24. recurrent patterns or stable states that emerge through the coordination of lower-level system elements into high-order organizations
    attractors (ex. parent/child interaction)
  25. spontaneous emergence of coherent, higher-order forms through recursive interactions among simpler components
    adaptive self-organization