Cardiovascular System Cardiac Conduction Terms

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Cardiovascular System Cardiac Conduction Terms
2013-05-02 12:11:41
cardiovascular system medical terminology cardiac conduction terms

Medical Terminology chapter 5
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  1. sinoatrial (SA) node
    the pacemaker; highly specialized, neurological tissue impeded in the wall of the right atrium; responsible for initiating electrical conduction of the heartbeat, causing atria to contact and firing conduction of impulses to the AV node
  2. atrioventricular (AV) node
    neurological tissue in the center of the heart that receives and amplifies the conduction of impulses from he SA node to the bundle of His
  3. bundle of His
    neurological fibers extending from the AV node to the right and left bundle branches that fire the impulse from the AV node to the Purkinje fibers
  4. Purkinje fibers
    Purkinje network
    fibers in the ventricles that transmit impulses to the right and left ventricles, causing them to contract
  5. polarization
    resting; resting state of a myocardial cell
  6. depolarization
    change of a myocardial cell from a polarized (resting) state to a state of contraction (de =  not; polarization = resting)
  7. repolarization
    recharging of the myocardial cel from a contracted state back to a resting state (re = again; polarization = resting)
  8. normal sinus rhythm (NSR)
    regular rhythm of the heart cycle stimulated by the SA node (average rate of 60-100 beats/minute)