reasoning by looking at similarities and differences between objects to better understand the world.
red is to stop as green is to go
deductive reasoning in which a logical conclusion is drawn from two given propositions.
all men are mortal. socrates is a man. therefore, he is mortal.
a term-the topic, likened to another term-the vehicle, based upon one or more similarities-the ground.
the giraffe was a flagpole living at the zoo
giraffe-topic, flagpole-vehicle, tallness-ground
variation of a metaphor that makes the comparision more explicit by using like or as.
the giraffe was as tall as a flagpole
expressions that have both literal and figurative meaning depending on the linguistic context.
skating on thin ice
an informal type of expression that is used by particular subcultures and is generational. that's
statements that express the particular values, morals, beliefs of a society.
dont put all your eggs into one basket
short imaginitive stories that conclude with a moral or proverbial statement.
the little boy who cried wolf
two developmental tass of adolescence
to develop a slef identity; aquire interpersonal skills to build relationships
created by western society
storm and stress (now considered a myth)
a transition in group membership without completely belonging to either
internalized social anxiety-social development
social learning theory
combo of psychoanalytic and behavioral theory-imitation of parents, teachers, peers
differences in preferences and means, not goals and beliefs
the problem is in the mind of the adults, not adolescents Throw away population
myth of continuous growth
spurts, plateaus and troughs
what's there's nothing more to do?
the problem is the lack of functional communication assessment
developmental stage theory?
envirnoment stimulates, modifies and supports growth but doesnt sequence
cognitive stage theory
two approaches that describe development by qualitative and quantitative changes
moral development stage theory?
punishment/reward system, social conformity, concerns
information processing theory?
exectutove control structure increasing in complexity. how info is taken in, interpreted and acted upon
identity development stage theory?
a crisis of conformity and pyschosocial moratorium-testing roles
years between puberty and the completion of bone growth
I'm not like other people
I'm performing for all
implication of field theory?
must consider cultural requirements for shifting groups
implication of biological theory?
be sensitive to the readiness to acquire new behavior
implication of anthropological theroy?
account for and accommodate cultural differences
implication of social learning theory?
behaviors are learned by observation, be concerned about environmental factors
this assessment documents and describes the students communication problem and its underlying causes
2 variables that may have committed to communicative difficulties under an explanitory analysis
extrinsic and intrinsic
this assessment data are collected to be representative of the performance in the field
sometimes referred to as learning potenial assessment, focuses on learning processes rather than products.
follows a test-retest format, focuses on learner modifiability, provides useful info on intervention
the student directs and assesses the language/communication process along with the diagnostician. they provide insights to their problem
all aspects of the students environment are assessed. the student is evaluated along with home, school and work settings
we mediate and the student ______
aka genralizing, transferring
apply new behaviors to novel academic, social and vocational situations