ALD final

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ALD final
2013-05-02 15:18:51
ALD final

ALD final
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  1. analogy
    • reasoning by looking at similarities and differences between objects to better understand the world.
    • red is to stop as green is to go
  2. syllogism
    • deductive reasoning in which a logical conclusion is drawn from two given propositions.
    • all men are mortal. socrates is a man. therefore, he is mortal.
  3. metaphor
    • a term-the topic, likened to another term-the vehicle, based upon one or more similarities-the ground.
    • the giraffe was a flagpole living at the zoo
    • giraffe-topic, flagpole-vehicle, tallness-ground
  4. simile
    • variation of a metaphor that makes the comparision more explicit by using like or as.
    • the giraffe was as tall as a flagpole
  5. idiom
    • expressions that have both literal and figurative meaning depending on the linguistic context.
    • skating on thin ice
  6. slang
    • an informal type of expression that is used by particular subcultures and is generational. that's
    • sweet-really good
  7. proverb
    • statements that express the particular values, morals, beliefs of a society.
    • dont put all your eggs into one basket
  8. fable
    • short imaginitive stories that conclude with a moral or proverbial statement.
    • the little boy who cried wolf
  9. two developmental tass of adolescence
    to develop a slef identity; aquire interpersonal skills to build relationships
  10. anthropological theory
    created by western society
  11. biological thoery
    storm and stress (now considered a myth)
  12. field theory
    a transition in group membership without completely belonging to either
  13. sociological theory
    internalized social anxiety-social development
  14. social learning theory
    combo of psychoanalytic and behavioral theory-imitation of parents, teachers, peers
  15. generation gap?
    differences in preferences and means, not goals and beliefs
  16. turmoil myth?
    the problem is in the  mind of the adults, not adolescents Throw away population
  17. myth of continuous growth
    spurts, plateaus and troughs
  18. what's there's nothing more to do?
    the problem is the lack of functional communication assessment
  19. developmental stage theory?
    envirnoment stimulates, modifies and supports growth but doesnt sequence
  20. cognitive stage theory
    two approaches that describe development by qualitative and quantitative changes
  21. moral development stage theory?
    punishment/reward system, social conformity, concerns
  22. information processing theory?
    exectutove control structure increasing in complexity. how info is taken in, interpreted and acted upon
  23. identity development stage theory?
    a crisis of conformity and pyschosocial moratorium-testing roles
  24. whats commitment?
    personal investment
  25. whats adolescence?
    years between puberty and the completion of bone growth
  26. personal fable?
    I'm not like other people
  27. imaginary audience?
    I'm performing for all
  28. implication of field theory?
    must consider cultural requirements for shifting groups
  29. implication of biological theory?
    be sensitive to the readiness to acquire new behavior
  30. implication of anthropological theroy?
    account for and accommodate cultural differences
  31. implication of social learning theory?
    behaviors are learned by observation, be concerned about environmental factors
  32. this assessment documents and describes the students communication problem and its underlying causes
  33. 2 variables that may have committed to communicative difficulties under an explanitory analysis
    extrinsic and intrinsic
  34. this assessment data are collected to be representative of the performance in the field
  35. sometimes referred to as learning potenial assessment, focuses on learning processes rather than products.
    follows a test-retest format, focuses on learner modifiability, provides useful info on intervention
    dynamic assessment
  36. the student directs and assesses the language/communication process along with the diagnostician. they provide insights to their problem
    student-centered assessment
  37. all aspects of the students environment are assessed. the student is evaluated along with home, school and work settings
    multidimensional assessment
  38. S-R
    • Provide mediation
    • cognitive modifiability
  39. we mediate and the student ______
  40. aka genralizing, transferring
  41. apply new behaviors to novel academic, social and vocational situations