Silvestri- Laboratory Values

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Author:
Sarahndipity81
ID:
217317
Filename:
Silvestri- Laboratory Values
Updated:
2013-05-02 20:12:38
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Laboratory Values
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Laboratory Values
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  1. What fluid is sodium concentrated in?
    Extracellular fluid
  2. What is the normal sodium range?
    135-145 mEq/L
  3. What fluid is potassium concentrated in?
    Intracellular fluid
  4. What is the normal potassium range?
    3.5-5.1 mEq/L
  5. What fluid is chloride concentrated in?
    Extracellular fluid
  6. What is the normal chloride range?
    98-107 mEq/L
  7. What is the normal range for bicarbonate (HCO3)?
    22-29 mEq/L
  8. What drug is the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) test used to monitor?
    Heparin
  9. What is the normal range for the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) test?
    20-36 seconds
  10. What does the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) test evaluate?
    How well the coagulation sequence is functioning.
  11. What is a client at risk for with a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) test result?
    Bleeding
  12. What is a therapeutic aPTT result for a person on heparin?
    • 1.5-2.5 times the normal range
    • (54-90 seconds)
  13. What does the prothrombin time (PT) test measure?
    How long it takes for clot formation
  14. What drug is the prothrombin time (PT) test and international normalized ratio (INR) test used to monitor?
    Warfarin (Coumadin)
  15. What are the normal ranges for the prothrombin time (PT) test?
    • Males: 9.6-11.8 seconds
    • Females: 9.5-11.3 seconds
  16. What are the normal ranges for the international normalized ratio (INR) test?
    • Standard Warfarin therapy: 2-3
    • High Dose Warfarin therapy: 3-4.5
  17. What vitamin can shorten the prothrombin time (PT) test?
    Vitamin K
  18. What is the normal platelet count range?
    150,000-400,000 cells/mm3
  19. What is the normal hemoglobin range?
    • Males: 14-16.5 g/dL
    • Females: 12-15 g/dL
  20. What are the normal hematocrit ranges?
    • Male: 42%-52%
    • Females:  35%-47%
  21. What is hemoglobin?
    • Main component of erythrocytes and serves as the vehicle for transporting O2 and CO2
    • Is important in the identification of anemia
  22. What does the hematocrit represent?
    RBC mass and is an important measurement in the identification of anemia or polycythemia
  23. What are the normal ranges for iron?
    • Males: 65-175 mcg/dL
    • Females: 50-170 mcg/dL
  24. What are the normal ranges for RBCs?
    • Males: 4.5-6.2 million/uL
    • Females: 4-5.5 million/uL
  25. What is the normal creatinine kinase (CK) range?
    26-174 units/L
  26. What is the normal CKMB range?
    • 0%-5% of the total CK
    • 1.3-8.7
  27. What is the normal Troponin I range?
    • Lower than 0.6 ng/mL
    • Values higher than 1.5 ng/mL are consistent with MI
  28. What is the normal troponin T range?
    Higher than 0.1 to 0.2 is consistent with MI
  29. What is the normal BNP range?
    less than 100 pg/mL
  30. What is BNP used to find out?
    if dyspnea is related to CHF- the higher the number the worse the CHF
  31. What is the normal albumin range?
    3.4-5
  32. What is the normal ammonia range?
    10-80 mcg/dL
  33. What is the normal amylase range?
    25-151 units/L
  34. What do greatly increased amylase levels mean?
    Acute pancreatitis
  35. What is the normal cholesterol range?
    140-199 mg/dL
  36. What is the normal LDL range?
    lower than 130 mg/dL
  37. What is the normal HDL range?
    30-70 mg/dL
  38. What is the normal triglyceride level?
    Lower than 200 mg/dL

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