FA Med, Camelid III
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how is M. hemolamae diagnosed and treated?
- PCR for carrier/subclinical and clinical
- Oxytetracycline long term
How does stress lead to hypoP?
stress causes insulin resistance/hyperglycemia - excess glucose in urine - osmotic diuresis- pee out excess P
What is TPR of cria?
- T: 100-102
- P: 70-110
how much milk does cria need for day? How often are they fed?
- 10-15% BW/day
- 5-7 feedings per day
What is adequate IgG transfer?
>800mg/dl by 36 hours
what is gold standard for measuring for FPT?
- zinc sulfate turbidity (radial immunodiffusion)
- -precise but takes 24 hours
Sick crias are usually due to what? (think SHADES)
- Sepsis (FPT)
- Elyte abnormalities
which part of "SHADES" can Domperidone be used to treat?
What is hyperosmolar syndrome?
complication of infectious disease - induces *hyperglycemia* - drives diuresis - dehydrated/NaCl concentrated - *hyperNa*
what are some neurologic diseases to worry about w/crias?
- polioencephalomalacia after abrupt feed change, amprolium, sulfur in water
What type of blindness is associated w/PEM? will PLR be absent or intact? What is treatment?
- cortical blindness to intact PLR
- dorsomedial strabismus
- Tx: thiamine supplement (diazepam if seizuring)
what is the meningeal worm that infects crias?
parelaphostrongylus tenuis from ingesting snails w/larva
Early signs of meningeal worm include ataxia and weakness. What are later signs?
- ascending rear leg paresis or total recumbency
- alert and eating but recumbent, poss. seizure
There is no definitive test for meningeal worm but what is suggestive finding in CSF fluid? Treatment?
- eosinophils in CSF suggestive
- Tx; Fenbendazle, Ivermectin, NSAIDs
- (tx not always effective)
If suffering from heat stress and still in hot environment, what is the only mechanism the animal can use in attempt to cool off?
- evaporation (sweating/respiration)
- alpacas more tolerant to heat
What is summer slump which contributes to heat stress?
ingestion of fescue infested with endophytes
Llama kept in open field presents in August frothing at the mouth and you notice scrotal edema. He has hyperemic mucous membranes and is even acting neurologic. diagnosis and treatmet?
- heat stress
- shear his fiber; apply water to thermal window
- fluids, oxygen
when is breeding age for camelids?
15-18 months (induced ovulators)
95% of all pregnancies are in which horn?
- (twins extremely rare)
when during gestation does uterine torsion occur?
- 2 months before parturition
- roll or Csection to correct
what type of placentation? How long after parturition is placenta passed?
- pass w/in 1 hour (considered retained after 6)
when are camelids castrated? why? what position for the procedure?
- 2 yrs
- growth plate delay
What vaccines can be given in addition to clostridium C/D and tetanus?
- rabies, lepto
- equine herpes 1 (if in contact with equine/donkey)
what are two drugs known to cause death in camelids?
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