FA Med, Camelid I

Card Set Information

FA Med, Camelid I
2013-05-03 01:52:24
FA Med Camelid

FA Med, Camelid I
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user HLW on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?

  1. what are the two types of old world camelids?
    • dromedary
    • bactrian
  2. which camelid has D shaped hump, is from Africa and doesn't handle cold well?
  3. Where is Bactrian from? does it handle cold?
    • B hump
    • Asia
    • well suited for cold
  4. what is the largest of the new world camelids? what is the smallest?
    • biggest: llama
    • smallest: vicuna
  5. how do you distinguish between the 2 aplacas, huacaya and suri?
    • H: shorter, more crimped fiber
    • S: long, crimpless fiber hangs in ringlets
  6. what products do camelids provide?
    yarn, fiber, clothing
  7. what is ave. adult wt of llama vs. alpaca?
    • L: 250-450 lb
    • A: 120-175
  8. what is gestation length of llama v. alpaca?
    • L: 331-359d
    • A: 335d
  9. what is lifespan of llama v. alpaca?
    • L:15-29yr
    • A:14-24yr
  10. what are male and female neonates called?
    crias (no gender distinction)
  11. what is camelid behavior? how do they express pain?
    • bold, inquisitive
    • stoic, don't express in obvious ways
  12. what is "cushing"? what is "humming"? "Orgling"?
    • cush: normal posture for laying down or when scared
    • humming: vocalization
    • orgling: male sound at breeding
  13. Are camelids hierarchical?
    yes, fight, kick, spit to establish territory/hierarchy
  14. what is a "bezerk" or "rogue" male?
    one imprinted on humans when young -now show territorial/hierarchy behavior to humans
  15. how many incisors and fighting teeth do camelids have?
    • 3 lower incisors (x2) - upper dental pad
    • 3 fighting teeth: 2 upper/1 lower(x2)
  16. Fighting teeth are mainly seen in males and erupt at what age?
    ~2 years
  17. Describe camelid feet.
    • 2 digits per foot
    • soft pad over corium and digital cushion
    • nail is not wt bearing
  18. why are camelids called pseudoruminants?
    only 3 compartment "rumen"
  19. Which compartment secretes HCl?
    C3 distal 5th secretes HCl and pepsinogen
  20. How many contractions should be heard per minute when auscaulting C1? what about C2?
    • 5-8 contractions/minute
    • (can't hear sounds from C2 or C3)
  21. what do camelids share in common with pig GIT?
    spiral colon - oral fluids to manage impactions
  22. What do camelids do for their fiber/wool since they do not have lanolin?
    dust serves as water repellent
  23. what is the thermal window?
    short hair on ventral trunk
  24. where can normal calluses be found?
    • ventral thorax
    • dorsal carpi
    • side of metatarsi
    • dorsal interdigital spaces
  25. can camelids sweat? is skin thick or thin?
    • yes, apocrine sweat glands dense over ventrum; sebaceous glands around perineum
    • thick skin, esp over dorsum
  26. how should camelids be restrained?
    • in a shute with belly band so cant cush
    • can grab base of ear (NO twisting!)
    • spit rag
  27. what should you be aware of when placing halter?
    • don't obstruct soft nasal passage - obligate nasal breathers
    • don't pull halter - they will cush
  28. How should you suggest urine be collected?
    • have owner follow to dung pile;
    • tape cup to prepuce/vulva
    • can catheterize female
  29. what is normal SG of camelid urine?
    1.10 - 1.048
  30. is orogastric or nasogastric tube easier to place?
  31. where is blood collected?
    • jugular vein - occlude at 6th vertebrae
    • lateral margin of ear
    • cephalic in crias
    • middle coccygeal
    • medial saphenous v - difficult
  32. Clinical pathology is similar to cow except what?
    • elliptical RBCs
    • anemia common
    • glucose higher
  33. where are SQ injection sights?
    • neck
    • behind elbow
    • behind scapula
  34. where are IM injection sights?
    • neck
    • caudal thigh
  35. what is TPR?
    • T: 99.5-102
    • P: 60-90
    • R: 10-30
  36. When performing PE, what should remember is normal about mucous membranes?
    • gums can be darkly pigmented
    • (don't try to check the prepuce)
  37. What should you not expect to see when performing otic exam?
    dt curved ear canal, can't visualize tympanum

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview