Card Set Information

2013-05-02 23:01:47

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  1. a drug that can alters a persons consciousness or experience
    psychoactive drug
  2. literally a state of being poisoned, being mentally affected by a chemical
  3. any habit that has gotten out of control
    addictive behavior
  4. a physical state in which the body adapts to a drug so that the initail dose no longer produces the same original phsychological effects
  5. a brain chemical that transits nerve impulses
  6. phsycological or physical dependence on a substance or behavior
  7. types of physical (substance) addiction
    drugs, alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, food
  8. types of mental (behavior) addiction
    sex, porn, internet, exercise, work, gambling, shopping
  9. characteristics of addictive behavior
    • compulsion and craving
    • loss of control
    • escalation
    • negative consequence
    • reinforcement
  10. dual disorders
    • gambling/depression
    • alcoholic/depression
  11. emotion pain is filled by...
  12. creates a rush of dopamine, creates a need for more of the same feeling.. natural dopamine production lowers when taking a drug like this
  13. to help someone continue their addiction
  14. more homocides and suicides due to what?
    drugs and alcohol(biggest attributor)
  15. proof of value is what
    twice the percent of alcohol in a drink
  16. one drink is equal to..
    .6 ounce of alcohol
  17. rate of absorbtion is..
    how fast alcohol gets into the bloodstream
  18. 1g of alcohol is equal to
    7 calories
  19. what percentage of alcohol immediately gets into bloodstream?
    20 percent
  20. what increases rate of absorption?
    carbonation and sugar
  21. what decreases rate of absorption
  22. what percent of alcohol is not digested? how is it excreted?
    • 2-10%
    • sweating, pee, breathe
  23. what is the single most important thing to attribute to intoxication?
    how much you drink/proof of drink
  24. a disease in which the liver is severely damaged by alcohol, other toxins, or infection
  25. patterns of alcohol dependence? 4 of them
    • regular daily intake of large amounts
    • regular heavy drinking limited to weekends
    • long periods of sobriety interspersed with heavy drinking
    • heavy drinking limited to times of stress
  26. what genetics can effect alcohism?
    • brain
    • metabolism
  27. what in the enviroment can cause a person to become an alcoholic?
    • happens more in adolescence
    • young adulthood
    • disconnect (usually family)
    • mobility
  28. tips for responsible use of alcohol
    • drink slowly
    • space your drinks
    • eat before
    • know your limits
    • cultivate and model responsible attitudes towards alcohol
  29. takes oxygen poor blood to the right atrium
    supior and inferior vena cava
  30. takes blood away
  31. returns blood to heart
  32. the bottom half of the heart
  33. what the right side of the heart is in control of, between heart and lungs
    pulmonary circulation
  34. sends blood to the rest of the body
  35. supplies blood to the heart
    coronary artery
  36. supplies blood to the brain
    cerebral artery
  37. oxygenated blood is shown how
    in red (o2 rich)
  38. de-oxygenated blood is shown how
    in blue (o2 poor)
  39. sends blood out the left atrium through the aorta and to the rest of the body
    systematic cirulation
  40. a disease that causes CVD
  41. what disease is the plugging of arteries by plaque
  42. the sugar in your blood is..
    blood glucose (carbs)
  43. creates natural insulin
  44. number one way of surving cancer
    early detection
  45. monounsaturated fats lowers and raises.. sources?
    • lowers LDL, raises HDL
    • olives, cashews, almonds, avocados, peanuts
  46. polyunsaturated fates lowers and raises.. sorces?
    • lowers LDL, raises HDL
    • walnuts, flaxseed, fish, soybean
  47. saturated fat raises.. sources?
    • raises both HDL and LDL
    • whole milk, butter, cheese, red meat egg yolks
  48. trans fat raises.. sources?
    • LDL
    • margarines, shortening, many fast foods, doughnuts, cookies
  49. dietary cholesterol raises.. sources?
    • raises LDL
    • animal products such as meats, egg yolks, fish, poultry, whole milk products
  50. the abnormal, uncontrolled multiplication of cells
  51. a tumor that is capable of spreading and, thus, is cancerous?
    malignant tumor
  52. a tumor that is not cancerous
    benign tumor
  53. the spread of cancer cells from one part of the body to another
  54. the removal and examination of a small peice of body tissue
  55. what is the most lethal of all cancers? major risk factor?
    • lung cancer
    • smoking
  56. most prevalent cancer in women?
    breast cancer
  57. most prevalent cancer in men?
  58. several lifestyle choices that can influence the risk of cancer
    smoking, excessive drinking, poor diet, lack of exercise, excessive sun light exposure, ingested chemicals
  59. the result of physiological adaptation that occurs in responcse to the frequent presence of a drug; typically associated with tolerance and withdrawal
    physical dependence
  60. relieves pain, reduces anxiety, produce lathargy, inability to concentrate
    • opioids (narcotics)
    • vicodin, hereroin, opium, oxycontin
  61. reduced anxiety, mood changes, lowers inhibitions, impaired muscle coordination
    • depressants
    • ludes
  62. increased mental alertness, more energy, increased heart rate, impulsive behavior
    • stimulant
    • amphetamine, cocaine, ritalin
  63. slowed thinking and reaction time, confusion, euphoria, anxiety, increased heart rate
  64. altered states of perception and feeling, delirium, impaired motor function, weakness
    • hallucinogens
    • LSD, PCP, ectasy
  65. stimulation, loss of inhibition, slurred speech, loss of motor coordination
    solvents, aerosols, anesthetics