Card Set Information
a drug that can alters a persons consciousness or experience
literally a state of being poisoned, being mentally affected by a chemical
any habit that has gotten out of control
a physical state in which the body adapts to a drug so that the initail dose no longer produces the same original phsychological effects
a brain chemical that transits nerve impulses
phsycological or physical dependence on a substance or behavior
types of physical (substance) addiction
drugs, alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, food
types of mental (behavior) addiction
sex, porn, internet, exercise, work, gambling, shopping
characteristics of addictive behavior
compulsion and craving
loss of control
emotion pain is filled by...
creates a rush of dopamine, creates a need for more of the same feeling.. natural dopamine production lowers when taking a drug like this
to help someone continue their addiction
more homocides and suicides due to what?
drugs and alcohol(biggest attributor)
proof of value is what
twice the percent of alcohol in a drink
one drink is equal to..
.6 ounce of alcohol
rate of absorbtion is..
how fast alcohol gets into the bloodstream
1g of alcohol is equal to
what percentage of alcohol immediately gets into bloodstream?
what increases rate of absorption?
carbonation and sugar
what decreases rate of absorption
what percent of alcohol is not digested? how is it excreted?
sweating, pee, breathe
what is the single most important thing to attribute to intoxication?
how much you drink/proof of drink
a disease in which the liver is severely damaged by alcohol, other toxins, or infection
patterns of alcohol dependence? 4 of them
regular daily intake of large amounts
regular heavy drinking limited to weekends
long periods of sobriety interspersed with heavy drinking
heavy drinking limited to times of stress
what genetics can effect alcohism?
what in the enviroment can cause a person to become an alcoholic?
happens more in adolescence
disconnect (usually family)
tips for responsible use of alcohol
space your drinks
know your limits
cultivate and model responsible attitudes towards alcohol
takes oxygen poor blood to the right atrium
supior and inferior vena cava
takes blood away
returns blood to heart
the bottom half of the heart
what the right side of the heart is in control of, between heart and lungs
sends blood to the rest of the body
supplies blood to the heart
supplies blood to the brain
oxygenated blood is shown how
in red (o2 rich)
de-oxygenated blood is shown how
in blue (o2 poor)
sends blood out the left atrium through the aorta and to the rest of the body
a disease that causes CVD
what disease is the plugging of arteries by plaque
the sugar in your blood is..
blood glucose (carbs)
creates natural insulin
number one way of surving cancer
monounsaturated fats lowers and raises.. sources?
lowers LDL, raises HDL
olives, cashews, almonds, avocados, peanuts
polyunsaturated fates lowers and raises.. sorces?
lowers LDL, raises HDL
walnuts, flaxseed, fish, soybean
saturated fat raises.. sources?
raises both HDL and LDL
whole milk, butter, cheese, red meat egg yolks
trans fat raises.. sources?
margarines, shortening, many fast foods, doughnuts, cookies
dietary cholesterol raises.. sources?
animal products such as meats, egg yolks, fish, poultry, whole milk products
the abnormal, uncontrolled multiplication of cells
a tumor that is capable of spreading and, thus, is cancerous?
a tumor that is not cancerous
the spread of cancer cells from one part of the body to another
the removal and examination of a small peice of body tissue
what is the most lethal of all cancers? major risk factor?
most prevalent cancer in women?
most prevalent cancer in men?
several lifestyle choices that can influence the risk of cancer
smoking, excessive drinking, poor diet, lack of exercise, excessive sun light exposure, ingested chemicals
the result of physiological adaptation that occurs in responcse to the frequent presence of a drug; typically associated with tolerance and withdrawal
relieves pain, reduces anxiety, produce lathargy, inability to concentrate
vicodin, hereroin, opium, oxycontin
reduced anxiety, mood changes, lowers inhibitions, impaired muscle coordination
increased mental alertness, more energy, increased heart rate, impulsive behavior
amphetamine, cocaine, ritalin
slowed thinking and reaction time, confusion, euphoria, anxiety, increased heart rate
altered states of perception and feeling, delirium, impaired motor function, weakness
LSD, PCP, ectasy
stimulation, loss of inhibition, slurred speech, loss of motor coordination
solvents, aerosols, anesthetics