Chapter 8 Joints (TB)

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lonelygirl
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217459
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Chapter 8 Joints (TB)
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2013-05-08 18:46:02
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Biology Anatomy Physiology
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Biology 103A
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  1. A fibrous joint that is a peg-in-socket is called a ________ joint.

    A) syndesmosis
    B) synchondrosis
    C) gomphosis
    D) suture
    C) gomphosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The cruciate ligaments of the knee ________.

    A) tend to run parallel to one another
    B) are also called collateral ligaments
    C) prevent hyperextension of the knee
    D) assist in defining the range of motion of the leg
    C) prevent hyperextension of the knee
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to ________.

    A) form the synovial membrane
    B) provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints
    C) attach tendons
    D) produce red blood cells (hemopoiesis)
    B) provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. A joint united by dense fibrocartilaginous tissue that usually permits a slight degree of movement is a ________.

    A) suture
    B) syndesmosis
    C) symphysis
    D) gomphosis
    C) symphysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. On the basis of structural classification, which joint is fibrous connective tissue?

    A) pivot
    B) symphysis
    C) synchondrosis
    D) syndesmosis
    D) syndesmosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called ________.

    A) bursae
    B) tendons
    C) menisci
    D) ligaments
    A) bursae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement are ________.

    A) diarthroses
    B) amphiarthroses
    C) synarthroses
    D) synovial joints
    B) amphiarthroses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. ________ are cartilaginous joints.

    A) Gomphoses
    B) Synchondroses
    C) Syndesmoses
    D) Sutures
    B) Synchondroses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The gliding motion of the wrist is accomplished because of the ________ joint.

    A) plane
    B) hinge
    C) condyloid
    D) pivot
    A) plane
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit themovement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called ________.

    A) cruciate ligaments
    B) anterior ligaments
    C) patellar ligaments
    D) tibial collateral ligaments
    A) cruciate ligaments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Bending your head back until it hurts is an example of ________.

    A) circumduction
    B) extension
    C) flexion
    D) hyperextension
    D) hyperextension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. In the classification of joints, which of the following is true?

    A) All synovial joints are freely movable.
    B) Immovable joints are called amphiarthroses.
    C) Synarthrotic joints are slightly movable.
    D) In cartilaginous joints, a joint cavity is present.
    A) All synovial joints are freely movable.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Synarthrotic joints ________.

    A) are found at the junction of the epiphysis and diaphysis of growing bone
    B) permit essentially no movement
    C) are cartilaginous joints
    D) have large joint cavities
    B) permit essentially no movement
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Fibrous joints are classified as ________.

    A) sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses
    B) hinge, saddle, and ellipsoidal
    C) pivot, hinge, and ball and socket
    D) symphysis, sacroiliac, and articular
    A) sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. In symphysis joints the articular surfaces of the bones are covered with ________.

    A) tendon sheaths
    B) synovial membranes
    C) fibrocartilage
    D) hyaline cartilage
    D) hyaline cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Synovial fluid is present in joint cavities of freely movable joints. Which of the following
    statements is true about this fluid?

    A) It contains hydrochloric acid.
    B) It contains lactic acid.
    C) It contains hyaluronic acid.
    D) It contains enzymes only.
    C) It contains hyaluronic acid.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following statements defines synchondroses?

    A) joints that permit angular movements
    B) cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones
    C) amphiarthrotic joints designed for strength and flexibility
    D) interphalangeal joints
    B) cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. What are menisci?

    A) semilunar cartilage pads
    B) tendon sheaths
    C) small sacs containing synovial fluid
    D) cavities lined with cartilage
    A) semilunar cartilage pads
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following is a true statement regarding gliding movements?

    A) Gliding movements allow flexibility of the upper limbs.
    B) An example of a gliding movement is nodding one's head.
    C) Gliding movements occur at the intercarpal and intertarsal joints.
    D) Gliding movements are multiaxial.
    C) Gliding movements occur at the intercarpal and intertarsal joints.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. What is moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane called?

    A) inversion
    B) abduction
    C) dorsiflexion
    D) adduction
    B) abduction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The terms inversion and eversion pertain only to the ________.

    A) arms
    B) feet
    C) hands and the feet
    D) hands
    B) feet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The hip joint is a good example of a(n) ________ synovial joint.

    A) nonaxial
    B) multiaxial
    C) biaxial
    D) uniaxial
    B) multiaxial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Movement allowed in a pivot joint is known as ________.

    A) extension
    B) uniaxial rotation
    C) biaxial movement
    D) flexion
    B) uniaxial rotation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are ________.

    A) common in all people who are overweight
    B) rare because of the ligament reinforcement
    C) common due to the weight bearing the hip endures
    D) rare because the rotator cuff stabilizes the hip joint
    B) rare because of the ligament reinforcement
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which ligament holds the radius to the ulna at the proximal end?

    A) ulnar collateral
    B) iliofemoral
    C) anular
    D) radial collateral
    C) anular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which ligament of the knee initiates the knee-jerk reflex when tapped?

    A) the extracapsular ligament
    B) the medial patellar retinacula
    C) the lateral patellar retinacula
    D) the patellar ligament
    D) the patellar ligament
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Football players often sustain lateral blows to the extended knee. Which of the ligaments is(are) damaged as a result?

    A) oblique popliteal and extracapsular ligament
    B) suprapatellar
    C) arcuate popliteal and the posterior cruciate
    D) medial collateral, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate
    D) medial collateral, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which of the following conditions is generally considered a noninflammatory type of arthritis?

    A) tendonitis
    B) rheumatoid arthritis
    C) bursitis
    D) osteoarthritis
    D) osteoarthritis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. What can cause gouty arthritis?

    A) a disorder in the body's immune system resulting in destruction of joints
    B) a thickening of the synovial membrane and a decrease in fluid production
    C) excessive blood levels of uric acid deposited as crystals in the soft tissue joints
    D) a bacterial infection in the bursae
    C) excessive blood levels of uric acid deposited as crystals in the soft tissue joints
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Pointing the toes is an example of ________.

    A) circumduction
    B) plantar flexion
    C) pronation
    D) protraction
    B) plantar flexion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following is a true statement?

    A) The greater tubercle of the humerus articulates at the coracoid process of the scapula.
    B) The rotator cuff is responsible for the flexible extensions at the elbow joint.
    C) The anular ligament surrounds the head of the radius.
    D) The head of the humerus articulates with the acromion process.
    C) The anular ligament surrounds the head of the radius.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Multiaxial joints of the body include ________.

    A) the hip and shoulder
    B) intercarpal and intertarsal joints
    C) the ankle and wrist
    D) the knee and elbow
    A) the hip and shoulder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Presence of a synovial cavity, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, and ligaments are characteristics of what type of joint?

    A) synchondrosis
    B) hinge joint
    C) suture
    D) symphysis
    B) hinge joint
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Extracapsular ligaments stabilizing the knee include ________.

    A) the oblique popliteal crossing the knee anteriorly
    B) lateral and medial collateral ligaments preventing lateral or medial angular movements
    C) the patellar ligament extending from femur to patella
    D) cruciate ligaments, which help secure the articulating bones together
    B) lateral and medial collateral ligaments preventing lateral or medial angular movements
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which of the following is a correct statement about development of joints?

    A) All fibrous joints are in the adult form by the time of birth.
    B) Joints develop in parallel with bones.
    C) By the end of the fourth week, fetal synovial joints resemble adult joints.
    D) Joints develop independent of bone growth.
    B) Joints develop in parallel with bones.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. An example of an interosseus fibrous joint is ________.

    A) the clavicle and the scapula at the distal ends
    B) the radius and ulna along its length
    C) between the humerus and the glenoid cavity
    D) between the vertebrae
    B) the radius and ulna along its length
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which of the following statements best describes angular movements?

    A) They occur only between bones with flat articular processes.
    B) They allow movement in several planes.
    C) They change (increase or decrease) the angle between two bones.
    D) They allow movement only in one plane.
    C) They change (increase or decrease) the angle between two bones.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Saddle joints have concave and convex surfaces. Name the two bones of the hand that articulate to form a saddle joint.

    A) The scaphoid of the middle finger and lunate of the index finger.
    B) The trapezium of the carpal bone and the thumb's metacarpal.
    C) The trapezium of the ring finger and the capitate of the fourth finger.
    D) The scaphoid of the index finger and the triquetrum of the middle finger.
    B) The trapezium of the carpal bone and the thumb's metacarpal.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Tendon sheaths ________.

    A) form channels for tendons
    B) act as friction-reducing structures
    C) help anchor the tendon to the muscle
    D) are lined with dense irregular connective tissue
    B) act as friction-reducing structures
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Which of the following is not a part of the synovial joint?

    A) joint cavity
    B) articular cartilage
    C) tendon sheath
    D) articular capsule
    C) tendon sheath
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Which of the following is not a factor that contributes to keeping the articular surfaces of diarthroses in contact?

    A) arrangement and tension of the muscles
    B) strength and tension of joint ligaments
    C) structure and shape of the articulating bone
    D) number of bones in the joint
    D) number of bones in the joint
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The amount of movement permitted by a particular joint is the basis for the functional classification of joints. True or False
    True
  43. All joints permit some degree of movement, even if very slight. True or False
    False
  44. Hinge joints permit movement in only two planes. True or False
    False
  45. Synovial fluid is a viscous material that is derived by filtration from blood. True or False
    True
  46. The articular surfaces of synovial joints play a minimal role in joint stability. True or False
    True
  47. The major role of ligaments at synovial joints is to help direct movement and restrict undesirable movement. True or False
    True
  48. The only movement allowed between the first two cervical vertebrae is flexion. True or False
    False
  49. Movement at the hip joint does not have as wide a range of motion as at the shoulder joint. True or False
    True
  50. A person who has been diagnosed with a sprained ankle has an injury to the ligaments that attach to that joint. True or False
    True
  51. A movement of the forearm in which the palm of the hand is turned from posterior to anterior is supination. True or False
    True
  52. The wrist joint can exhibit adduction and eversion movements. True or False
    False
  53. Cruciate ligaments are important ligaments that stabilize all ball-and-socket joints. True or False
    False
  54. Flexion of the ankle so that the superior aspect of the foot approaches the shin is called dorsiflexion. True or False
    True
  55. The gripping of the trochlea by the trochlear notch constitutes the "hinge" for the elbow joint. True or False
    True
  56. The ligamentum teres represents a very important stabilizing ligament for the hip joint. True or False
    False
  57. The structural classification of joints is based on the composition of the binding material and the presence or absence of a joint cavity. True or False
    True
  58. Synovial fluid contains phagocytic cells that protect the cavity from invasion by microbes or other debris. True or False
    True
  59. A person who has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis would be suffering loss of the synovial fluids. True or False
    False
  60. A ball-and-socket joint is a multiaxial joint. True or False
    True
  61. Bending of the tip of the finger exhibits flexion. True or False
    True
  62. Dislocations in the TMJ almost always dislocate posteriorly with the mandibular condylesending up in the infratemporal fossa. True or False
    False; joint in the body
  63. Symphyses are synarthrotic joints designed for strength with flexibility. True or False
    False
  64. Turning the foot medially at the ankle would be called ________.
    inversion
  65. Moving your jaw forward, causing an underbite, is called ________.
    protraction
  66. A ________ is a fluid-filled sac a tendon slides over.
    bursa
  67. The joint between the frontal and parietal bones is called a ________ joint.
    suture
  68. Why are epiphyseal plates considered temporary joints?
    Once long bone growth in length is complete, the cartilage of the epiphyseal plates ossifies to become a permanent synostosis.
  69. Using the functional classification, a freely movable joint would be called a ________ joint.
    diarthrosis
  70. The hip joint, like the shoulder joint, is a ________ joint.
    ball-and-socket
  71. Partial dislocation of a joint is called a ________.
    subluxation
  72. The type of joint between the carpal and the first metacarpal is a ________ joint.
    saddle

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