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A set of complex hierarchical departments, agencies, commissions and their staffs that exist to help a chief executive officer carry out his or her duties.
may be private organizations or governmental units
Who is in the bureaucracy?
15 executive departments, government corporations, independent agencies, Regulatory agencies.
How many employees are in the Bureaucracy?
What are some jobs in the bureaucracy?
- Scientific research
- clerk in welfare offices
- decide burn policies for natural forests
- undercover intelligence work
What do bureaucracies do?
- 1.pay subsidies to farmers, veterans, scientist.
- 2. Transfer money to state and local governments for grants in aid for highway building.
- 3. devise and enforce regulations, such as safety features on automobiles.
which president had the largest growth of bureaucracy?
Relatively stable relationships among bureaucracies congress and interest groups
The firing of public office holders of a defeated political party in order to replace them with loyalists of the newly elected party
What are some criticisms of bureaucracy?
- The Hatch act of 1939
- Red tape
What are some positive and negatives of Bureaucracy?
- Positives:1. ability to manage a large, complex organization in an orderly manner.
- 2.supervisory offices and higher levels of management
- Negatives: 1. can be inefficient or wasteful
- 2. Red tape--paperwork and rules
- 3. slow to make changes
1939 act to prohibit civil servants from taking activist roles in partisan campaigns
An organized group that tries to influence public policy
organization that seek a collective good
public interest group
What is the largest and most powerful interest group?
What do interest group to to attain goals?
the activities of a group or organization that seeks to influence legislation and persuade political leader to support the groups position
Positive and negatives of interest groups
Positives: Can convince government to change laws. can have interests of the public. Raise money for good reasons.
Negatives: can increase the cost of public policies. selfish interests.
An intentional course of action followed by government in dealing with some problem or matter of concern
What are the steps in policy making?
- 1. problem recognition
- 2. Agenda setting
- 3. Policy formulation
- 4. Policy adoption
- 5. Budgeting
- 6. Policy implementation
- 7. Policy evaluation
identification of an issue that disturbs the people and leads them to call for governmental intervention
Congress has to make a law that leads to policy, so they must deem it worthy of attention
planning for how to deal with the problem
no real change from past policies
the actual passing of the law often includes creation of new agency
the allocation of resources to provide for the proper implementation of public policies
where does the money for policies come from?
- diversion of funds from other programs
- higher taxes
- unfunded mandates
actual carrying out of the new policy and putting it in to place
process of determining if the policy is being carried out and is doing what it was designed to do
individual actions must be directed by the government
encouraging action through benefits real or percieved
provide info and means to help themselves
appeal to "better instincts"
when was the 1st real effort by government to regulate the economy?
The economy grew dramatically during?
staying out of other bussiness
U.S. belief in being supperior
ability to take advantages of bad situations in the rest of the world
the constitution gives divided foreign policy powers to
president and congress
attempted to keep U.S isolated from European war, but drew U.S. in to war with britain
Embargo Act 1800
Expanded the U.S power and nation
mexican war 1846
made U.S. an imperial and world power
1898 spanish american war
1917-1918 U.S. involvement in WWI was
decisive in ending the war
After WWI the U.S. decided not to
join the league of nations and to become isolationist again
What ways did the U.S show that we weren't a nation to be recon with in WWII?
- wake up a "sleeping giant"
- Atomic bombs
After WWII we were led into the
attempt to keep communism within USSN and China
brief improvement in relation with ussr
U.S. will provide arms and aid to anti soviet movement
Reagan Doctorine 1981-1989
the opposite of isolation
- freedom of
no quartering of soldeirs
- no unreasonable searches or seizures
- exclusionary rule
- just compensation
- self incrimination
- double jeopardy
- grand jury indictment
- public trial
- right to counsel
- confrontation of witnesses
- impartial trial
- speedy trial
- compulsory trial
- criminal jury trial
civil jury trial
- no cruel and unusual punishment
- no excessive fines or bail
makes it clear that this special listing of rights does not mean that others dont exist
reiterates that powers not delegated to the national government are reserved to the states or to the people
What are the qualifications for being president (or vice president)?
- Natural born citizen
- 35 years old
- live in U.S. for 14 years
what are some powers of the president?
- suggest legislation
- sign or veto legislation
- can convene congress
what are the official qualification for supreme court?
unofficial qualifications of Supreme court
- previously held political office
- political experience
- prior judicial experience
- lawyer experience
how many supreme court members?
How many members are in the senate?
how many members are in the house?
What is the term of office in the Senate?
What is the terms of office in the House?
What are the qualifications to be in the senate?
- 30 years old
- 9 year citizen
- live in state represented
What are the qualifications to be in the House?
- 25 year old
- 7 year citizen
- live in state represented
The personal rights and freedoms that the federal government cannot abridge either by law, constitution or judicial interpretation
positive governmental acts to protect individuals against arbitrary or discrimination
examples of civil liverties
The coherent set of values and beliefs about the purpose and scope of government held by groups and individuals
3 examples of ideologies
What are the 4 functions of political ideologies? and definition
- explanation- understanding somone ideology can help explain actions
- evaluation-provides standard to evaluate social condition
- orientation- can provide a sense of identity a
- political program--help make political choices
What are the steps for a bill to become a law?
- 1.The bill is introduced in one chamber of the Congress
- 2.The bill is assigned to a standing committee
- 3.The standing committee reports the bill back to the floor (whole chamber)
- 4.The bill is placed on a congressional calendar ( the schedule for the debates)
- 5.The chamber considers the bill - debate is held
- 6.A vote is held If it passes the first chamber, it is called an act
- 7.The Act is sent to the other chamber
- 8.The conference committee meets to iron out the differences in the versions of the legislation
- 9.The legislation is sent to the President for his signature.The president could veto the legislation
- 10.Congress may override a veto by a 2/3's vote of both chambers (becomes law)