Crim Theory Final
Card Set Information
Crim Theory Final
Assumptions of Labeling Perspective
: relatively good/blank slate
: Cultural Conflict
Who is labeled is due, in part, to the attributes of the individuals and, in part, on the severity of the rule broken.
Origins in Conflict Theory
Those who are labeled may experience problems of adjustment which may result in future deviance
Origins in Symbolic Interactionism
Severity of crime
People who become crusading reformers who seek out and develop new rules by which new forms of deviance are defined and created
Which scholar believes that labeling of delinquents is due in part to extra-legal factors?
Which scholar plays a part in the dramatization of evil and early labeling?
The extent to which adult's views harden and children integrate new delinquent self images from negatives reactions from adults
Dramatization of Evil
Which scholar defines primary and secondary deviance?
Deviance that is neither detected nor punished by anyone in authority
Deviance that evolves from the application and internalization of the label. Serious delinquency.
What study proved stronger selection effects?
Smith & Paternoster Study
-Return to the SI approach
-Focus on developmental process
-Incorporate larger theories
Cumulative Disadvantage Aspect of what theory?
Sampson and Laub's Age Graded
Reaction of one person to that person's own punishment
Reaction of a group of collectivity to the punishment of one or more of its members
Defiance toward a sanctioning agent
Closely knit communities in which families exert social control: RS & Macro
Links, attachments and commitments to conventional others: RS & Micro
An integrated theory in which social control explains primary deviance and labeling explains secondary
Matsuenda & Heimer Differential Theory
Which scholar is associated with the Conflict paradigm?
Assumptions of the Conflict paradigm
: inherently good
: cultural conflict
Intersection of class and gender in the production of delinquency
Masculinities and Crime
Capitalist workplace control, parenting practices, gender and class
Stubborn behavior before age 12, then defiance and authority avoidance
Acts before age 15, then property damage and moderate to serious delinquency
Minor aggressive acts, then fighting and severe violence
The study within individual patterns of anti-social behavior and offending over time
Incorporates elements of social context and social embeddeness on individual development over time
Life Course Criminology
Which type of criminology is ontogenic?
Which type of criminology is sociogenic?
Making a statement about the causal nature of a relationship
X must be correlated with Y
X related to Y
X must precede Y
Correlation between X and Y is not due to another variable
Arrangement of events in time
No direct causal correlation but may appear to be due to a coincidence
Punishment that is proportional, certain, severe and swift can marginally deter crime
Which school involves hedonism and consensus?
Which school is involved with free-will and individual choice?
What is the cause of delinquency according to the classical school?
What is the cause of delinquency according to the positivist school?
Which school states that the application of reason to a problem is not enough, and that empirical support is need?
Which school believes that forces outside the control of the individual influence delinquent and criminal offending?
What are the 7 ways of evaluating theory?