Crim Theory Final

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Crim Theory Final
2013-05-03 20:03:06
Crim Theory

Theory Final
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  1. Assumptions of Labeling Perspective
    • Human Nature: relatively good/blank slate
    • Social Order: Cultural Conflict
  2. Who is labeled is due, in part, to the attributes of the individuals and, in part, on the severity of the rule broken.
    Status Traits
  3. Origins in Conflict Theory
    Status Traits
  4. Those who are labeled may experience problems of adjustment which may result in future deviance
    Defiance Amplification
  5. Origins in Symbolic Interactionism
    Defiance Amplification
  6. Severity of crime
    Prior Record
    Legal Factors
  7. Race
    Extra-legal Factors
  8. People who become crusading reformers who seek out and develop new rules by which new forms of deviance are defined and created
    Moral Crusaders/Entrepreneurs
  9. Which scholar believes that labeling of delinquents is due in part to extra-legal factors?
  10. Which scholar plays a part in the dramatization of evil and early labeling?
  11. The extent to which adult's views harden and children integrate new delinquent self images from negatives reactions from adults
    Dramatization of Evil
  12. Which scholar defines primary and secondary deviance?
  13. Deviance that is neither detected nor punished by anyone in authority
    Primary Deviance
  14. Deviance that evolves from the application and internalization of the label. Serious delinquency.
    Secondary Delinquency
  15. What study proved stronger selection effects?
    Smith & Paternoster Study
  16. -Return to the SI approach
    -Focus on developmental process
    -Incorporate larger theories
    New Labeling
  17. Cumulative Disadvantage Aspect of what theory?
    Sampson and Laub's Age Graded
  18. Reaction of one person to that person's own punishment
    Specific/Individual Defiance
  19. Reaction of a group of collectivity to the punishment of one or more of its members
    General Defiance
  20. Defiance toward a sanctioning agent
    Direct Defiance
  21. Closely knit communities in which families exert social control: RS & Macro
  22. Links, attachments and commitments to conventional others: RS & Micro
  23. An integrated theory in which social control explains primary deviance and labeling explains secondary
    Matsuenda & Heimer Differential Theory
  24. Which scholar is associated with the Conflict paradigm?
  25. Assumptions of the Conflict paradigm
    • Human nature: inherently good
    • Social order: cultural conflict
  26. Intersection of class and gender in the production of delinquency
    Masculinities and Crime
  27. Capitalist workplace control, parenting practices, gender and class
    Power Control
  28. Stubborn behavior before age 12, then defiance and authority avoidance
    Authority Pathway
  29. Acts before age 15, then property damage and moderate to serious delinquency
    Covert Pathway
  30. Minor aggressive acts, then fighting and severe violence
    Overt Pathway
  31. The study within individual patterns of anti-social behavior and offending over time
    Developmental Criminology
  32. Incorporates elements of social context and social embeddeness on individual development over time
    Life Course Criminology
  33. Which type of criminology is ontogenic?
  34. Which type of criminology is sociogenic?
  35. Making a statement about the causal nature of a relationship
    Causal Interference
  36. X must be correlated with Y
    X related to Y
  37. Temporal Ordering
    X must precede Y
  38. Correlation between X and Y is not due to another variable
    No spuriousness
  39. Arrangement of events in time
    Temporal Ordering
  40. No direct causal correlation but may appear to be due to a coincidence
  41. Punishment that is proportional, certain, severe and swift can marginally deter crime
    Deterrence Theory
  42. Which school involves hedonism and consensus?
    Classical School
  43. Which school is involved with free-will and individual choice?
    Classical School
  44. What is the cause of delinquency according to the classical school?
    Legal sanctions
  45. What is the cause of delinquency according to the positivist school?
    Non-legal sanctions
  46. Which school states that the application of reason to a problem is not enough, and that empirical support is need?
    Positivistic School
  47. Which school believes that forces outside the control of the individual influence delinquent and criminal offending?
  48. What are the 7 ways of evaluating theory?
    • Logical consistency
    • scope
    • parsimony
    • testability
    • empirical validity
    • social validity
    • puzzles