Allowed for keeping sex offenders in state custody under civil commitment laws after they have served their full prison terms if they demonstrate mental abnormality or are said to have a personality disorder.
Sexually Violent Predator Act
Frees prisons and jails from federal court supervision and limits prisoners' access to federal courts.
Prison Litigation Reform Act
Passed in response to bombing of federal building in Oklahoma City and restricts availability of habeas corpus to inmates
Anti-terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act
Court ruled that the death penalty per se was not unconstitutional, but rather the arbitrary and discriminatory way in which it was imposed.
Furman v. Georgia
Court upheld the constitutionality of the bifurcated hearing and thus led to death sentence.
Gregg v. Georgia
Court redrew the age line at 18 under which it was constitutionally impermissible to execute anyone
Roper v. Simmons
Help someone to return to good health or a normal life by providing training or therapy
Practices that have been consistently shown to be effective in changing offender behavior and/or reducing recidivism.
Evidence Based Practices
Probability of reoffending
Meeting offender needs to avoid reoffending
Being aware of offender's developmental states, motivation and learning styles.
A counseling approach that tried to address dysfunctional cognitions, emotions and behaviors in a short period of time through goal oriented and systematic procedures using a mixture of psychological and social theories.
Which type of offenders are 3-4 times more likely to have a conviction for a violent offense?
Involves an exchange of one thing for another, such as a sexual engagement in exchange for a job.
Quid Pro Quo Sexual Harassment
Laws devised by southern states following the civil war to prevent African Americans from fully participating in civic life.
Jim Crow Laws
Rehabilitation model that assumes criminals are seek and need treatment
The first prison constructed for women in the States and was in part administered by the Sing Sing Prison but had it's own buildings.
Mount Pleasant Prison
Statutes in former times mandating that convicting felons lose all citizenship rights