Corrections Final

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  1. What brought movement toward greater state involvement in children's lives?
    Formation of the English chancery courts
  2. Housed orphans, beggars, vagrants and juvenile offenders. Children worked long hours with no training and were mistreated.
    New York House of Refuge
  3. Enacted legislation in 1899 providing for separate court system for juveniles
    Cook County, Illinois
  4. "State as parents" : Under this principle, the court has power to intervene as protective measure even if there is no finding of guilt.
    Parens Patria
  5. When a juvenile court decides after a full inquiry that a juvenile should be waived to adult court
    Judicial Waiver
  6. When a prosecutor is allowed to file some juvenile cases in adult court
    Prosecutorial Discretion
  7. Legislature has excluded certain serious offenses from the juvenile courts for juveniles over a certain age
    Statutory Exclusion
  8. Court ruled that juveniles must be afforded certain constitutional rights and began process of formalizing juvenile system into something akin to adult system.
    Kent v. U.S.
  9. Court established five basic constitutional due process rights for juveniles
    In re Gault
  10. Court ruled that when possibility of commitment to a secure facility is possible, "proof beyond a reasonable doubt" standard must be extended to juvenile adjudication hearings.
    In re Winship
  11. Articulated reluctance of judiciary to interfere with management and administration of prisons. Rested primarily on status prisoners who suffered a kind of legal and civil death upon conviction.
    Hands-off Doctrine
  12. Precedes Magna Carta, "great writ," formally codified into English common law in 1679, indirect appeal regarding legality of person's confinement.
    Habeas Corpus
  13. Court ruled prisoners could use a writ of habeas corpus to challenge conditions of confinement as well as legality of confinement.
    Jones. Cunningham
  14. Court ruled that state prison inmates could due state officials in federal courts under Civil Rights Act of 1871 and protected southern blacks
    Cooper v. Pate
  15. Court ruled entire prison system of Arkansas unconstitutional and placed it under federal supervision.
    Holt v. Sarver
  16. Refers to court willingness to defer to expertise and needs of prison authorities
    Deference Period
  17. Guarantees freedom of religion, speech, press and assembly- but do not extend in a prison setting.
    First Amendment
  18. Right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures
    Fourth Amendment
  19. Forbids cruel and unusual punishment
    Eighth Amendment
  20. Court defined cruel and unusual punishment as punishment applied maliciously and sadistically for the very purpose of causing harm.
    Hudson v. McMillian
  21. Court defined deliberate indifference as occurring when prison officials know of, but disregard, an obvious risk to an inmate's health or safety.
    Wilson v. Seiter
  22. Court upheld Kansas' Sexually Violent Predator Act
    Kansas v. Henricks
  23. Allowed for keeping sex offenders in state custody under civil commitment laws after they have served their full prison terms if they demonstrate mental abnormality or are said to have a personality disorder.
    Sexually Violent Predator Act
  24. Frees prisons and jails from federal court supervision and limits prisoners' access to federal courts.
    Prison Litigation Reform Act
  25. Passed in response to bombing of federal building in Oklahoma City and restricts availability of habeas corpus to inmates
    Anti-terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act
  26. Court ruled that the death penalty per se was not unconstitutional, but rather the arbitrary and discriminatory way in which it was imposed.
    Furman v. Georgia
  27. Court upheld the constitutionality of the bifurcated hearing and thus led to death sentence.
    Gregg v. Georgia
  28. Court redrew the age line at 18 under which it was constitutionally impermissible to execute anyone
    Roper v. Simmons
  29. Help someone to return to good health or a normal life by providing training or therapy
  30. Practices that have been consistently shown to be effective in changing offender behavior and/or reducing recidivism.
    Evidence Based Practices
  31. Probability of reoffending
    Risk principle
  32. Meeting offender needs to avoid reoffending
    Needs principle
  33. Being aware of offender's developmental states, motivation and learning styles.
    Responsitivity principle
  34. A counseling approach that tried to address dysfunctional cognitions, emotions and behaviors in a short period of time through goal oriented and systematic procedures using a mixture of psychological and social theories.
    Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
  35. Which type of offenders are 3-4 times more likely to have a conviction for a violent offense?
    Mentally ill
  36. Involves an exchange of one thing for another, such as a sexual engagement in exchange for a job.
    Quid Pro Quo Sexual Harassment
  37. Laws devised by southern states following the civil war to prevent African Americans from fully participating in civic life.
    Jim Crow Laws
  38. Rehabilitation model that assumes criminals are seek and need treatment
    Medical Model
  39. The first prison constructed for women in the States and was in part administered by the Sing Sing Prison but had it's own buildings.
    Mount Pleasant Prison
  40. Statutes in former times mandating that convicting felons lose all citizenship rights
    Civil Death Statutes
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Corrections Final
2013-05-04 02:37:04

Corrections Final
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