Chapter 8: America Secedes from the Empire, 1775-1783

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doctorwhogirl998
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217669
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Chapter 8: America Secedes from the Empire, 1775-1783
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2013-05-04 15:18:14
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Chapter America Secedes from Empire 1775 1783
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Chapter 8: America Secedes from the Empire, 1775-1783
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  1. mercenary -
    A professional soldier who serves in a foreign army for pay. “Why bring in outside mercenaries . . . ?”
  2. indictment -
    A formal written accusation charging someone with a crime. “The overdrawn bill of indictment included imposing taxes without consent. . . .”
  3. dictatorship -
    A form of government characterized by absolute state power and the unlimited authority of the ruler. “The [charges] included . . . establishing a military dictatorship. . . .”
  4. neutral
    A nation or person not taking sides in a war. “Many colonists were apathetic or neutral. . . .”
  5. civilian -
    • A citizen not in military service. “The opposing forces contended . . . for the allegiance . . . of the civilian population.”
    • traitor One who betrays a country by aiding an enemy. “. . . they regarded their opponents, not themselves, as traitors.”
  6. confiscate -
    To seize private property for public use, often as a penalty. “The estates of many of the fugitives were confiscated. . . .”
  7. envoy -
    A messenger or agent sent by a government on official business. “Benjamin Franklin, recently sent to Paris as an envoy, jested [about] Howe. . . .”
  8. rabble -
    • A mass of disorderly and crude common people. “This rabble was nevertheless whipped into a professional army. . . .”
    • arsenal A place for making or storing weapons and ammunition. “About 90 percent of all the gunpowder . . . came from French arsenals.”
  9. isolationist -
    Concerning the belief that a country should take little or no part in foreign affairs, especially through alliances or wars. “The American people, with ingrained isolationist tendencies, accepted the French entanglement with distaste.”
  10. hereditary -
    Passed down from generation to generation. “[The alliance] involved a hereditary foe. . . ..”
  11. blockade -
    The isolation of a place by hostile ships or troops. “Now the French had powerful fleets. . . in a position to jeopardize Britain’s blockade. . . .”
  12. privateer -
    A private vessel temporarily authorized to capture or plunder enemy ships in wartime. “More numerous and damaging than ships of the regular American navy were swift privateers.”
  13. graft -
    Taking advantage of one’s official position to gain money or property by illegal means. “It had the unfortunate effect of . . . involving Americans . . . in speculation and graft.”

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