PHARM 5 - ANTIBIOTICS

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Author:
dpaytons
ID:
217727
Filename:
PHARM 5 - ANTIBIOTICS
Updated:
2013-05-05 22:52:02
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pharm
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pharm 5
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  1. erythromycin
    • Macrolide, antibiotic
    • Bacterialstatic, inhibit protein syntheis, broad ┬áspectrum
  2. Telithromycin
    Macrolide, antibioticBacterialstatic, inhibit protein syntheis, broad  spectrum
  3. Gentamicin
    • Aminoglycosides
    • Bacterialcidal, only effective with gram negative when used alone
  4. Penicillin G
    • Natural penicillin
    • Works on gram positive, susceptible to beta lactamase
  5. Penicillin V
    • Natural penicillin
    • Works on gram positive, susceptible to beta lactamase
  6. Methicillin
    • Penicillinase-Resistant Penicillin
    • Anti-staphylococcal penicillin
    • Gram positive, resistant to staphylococcal PENICILLINASE
  7. Nafcillin
    • Penicillinase-Resistant Penicillin
    • Anti-staphylococcal penicillin
    • Gram positive, resistant to staphylococcal PENICILLINASE
  8. Ampicillin
    • Amino penicillin
    • Improved activity against gram-positive and gram negative relative to natural penicillins, susceptible to beta-lactamase
  9. Amoxicillin
    • Amino penicillin
    • Improved activity against gram-positive and gram negative relative to natural penicillins, susceptible to beta-lactamase
  10. Piperacillin
    • Extended Spectrum Penicillin
    • Gram positive and most gram negative
  11. Clavulanic acid
    Beta-lactamase Inhibitor
  12. Cefazolin
    1st Generation Cephalosporin
  13. Cefuroxime
    2nd Generation Cephalosporin
  14. Ceftriaxone
    3rd Generation Cephalosporin
  15. Cefepime
    4th Generation Cephalosporin
  16. Aztreonam
    • Beta-Lactam Antibiotic
    • Narrow spectrum --> gram-negative bacteria
  17. Imipenem
    • Beta-lactam antibiotic
    • Broad spectrum of activity: both gram-neg and postive
    • Often administered with aminoglycosides, may induce beta-lactamases
  18. Vancomycin
    • Non beta-lactam cell wall synthesis inhibitor
    • Binds to the peptidoglycan polymer

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